Category Archives: Salmonella Oranienburg

USA – FDA issues warning to New Mexico onion importer linked to Salmonella outbreak

Food Safety News

An import company in New Mexico is on notice from the FDA for not having food safety documents for a number of imported foods. The inspection was initiated because of an investigation of a multistate foodborne outbreak of Salmonella Oranienburg illnesses linked to whole, fresh onions imported from the state of Chihuahua, Mexico.

The outbreak has sickened more than 800 people in the United States and remains under investigation. The Centers for Disease and Prevention has not yet declared the outbreak over.

In its warning letter the Food and Drug Administration  acknowledged that the company initiated a voluntary recall on Oct. 22, 2021, of red, yellow, and white onions imported from its “suppliers (redacted)” in Chihuahua, Mexico, from July 1, 2021, through Aug. 25, 2021.

In the March 2, 2022, warning letter just made public by the FDA, the agency described a Nov. 16, 2021, Foreign Supplier Verification Program (FSVP) inspection of Keeler Family Farms in DemingNM.

USA – Outbreak Investigation of Salmonella Oranienburg: Whole, Fresh Onions (October 2021) is Over.

FDA

The FDA, along with CDC, and state and local partners, investigated a multistate outbreak of Salmonella Oranienburg infections linked to whole, fresh onions imported from the State of Chihuahua, Mexico, in cooperation with the Mexican competent authorities. As of February 2, 2022, CDC has declared this outbreak over. CDC reports that there were 1040 illnesses in 39 states, Washington, D.C., and Puerto Rico.

In September 2021, as part of the ongoing investigation to determine the product causing illnesses, the FDA import operations implemented enhanced screening for Salmonella for onions imported into the United States, but no samples were collected because the growing season had ended and onions were no longer being imported from the State of Chihuahua, Mexico.

As a result of this outbreak, the FDA initiated onsite domestic investigations as well as Foreign Supplier Verification Program (FSVP) inspections of domestic firms who imported onions from the State of Chihuahua, Mexico. By inspecting these U.S. importers, FDA can determine if they are in compliance with applicable FSVP requirements, including performing certain risk-based activities to verify that imported foods meet U.S. safety standards.

While the outbreak has ended, FDA continues to work closely with Mexican competent authorities through the established Food Safety Partnership to investigate potential source(s) of contamination within the implicated region and to proactively implement prevention strategies ahead of the next growing season. FDA also intends to consider using additional tools, such as import screening and sampling, for onions grown and harvested in the State of Chihuahua, Mexico during the next growing season.

Recommendation

CDC has announced the outbreak is over. There are no recommendations for consumers, retailers, or suppliers.


Case Count Map Provided by CDC

Outbreak Investigation of Salmonella Oranienburg in Whole, Fresh Onions: Case Count Map Provided by CDC (February 2, 2022)

Case Counts

Total Illnesses: 1,040
Hospitalizations: 260
Deaths: 0
Last illness onset: January 1, 2022
States with Cases: AL, AR, CA, CO, CT, DC, FL, GA, HI, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, ND, NE, NJ, NM, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, PR, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VA, WA, WI, WV
Product Distribution: Nationwide

USA – Core Investigation Table Update

FDA

Date
Posted
Ref


#

Pathogen
Product(s)
Linked to
Illnesses

(if any)
Investigation
Status
1/10/

2022

1050 E. coli
O121:H19
Romaine Ended
12/29/

2021

1052 E. coli
O157:H7
Packaged Salad Active
12/20/

2021

1039 Listeria
monocytogenes
Packaged Salad Active
12/15/

2021

1048 Listeria
monocytogenes
Packaged Salad Active
9/15/

2021

1031 Salmonella
Oranienburg
Red, Yellow,
and White Onions
Active

USA – Core Outbreak Table Update

FDA

Date
Posted
Reference
#
Pathogen
Product(s)
Linked to
Illnesses

(if any)
Investigation
Status
1/10/

2022

1050 E. coli
O121:H19
Not Yet
Identified
Active
12/29/

2021

1052 E. coli
O157:H7
Packaged Salad Active
12/20/

2021

1039 Listeria
monocytogenes
Packaged Salad Active
12/15/

2021

1048 Listeria
monocytogenes
Packaged Salad Active
9/15/

2021

1031 Salmonella
Oranienburg
Red, Yellow,
and White Onions
Active

Researchers tackle Salmonella in onions

Uvalde Leader News

Salmonella contamination of bulb onions, which caused recalls across the U.S. and Canada in 2020, is the focus of a Texas A&M AgriLife Research project to help onion producers solve the problem.

Salmonella outbreaks in onions and onion products show that the pathogen might persist during production, handling or storage. This is a significant concern to the onion produce industry, researchers said.

“Little is known about salmonella’s behavior related to bulb onions,” said Vijay Joshi, Ph.D., AgriLife Research assistant professor in the Department of Horticultural Sciences and systems physiologist at the Texas A&M AgriLife Research and Extension Center at Uvalde.

Joshi’s team, over the next two years, with more than $400,000 in grant support from the Center for Produce Safety, will develop an onion-specific risk reduction plan to deliver to industry.

USA – Core Outbreak Table Updates

FDA

This week’s updates are:

  • A new outbreak of E. coli O121: H19 with an unidentified vehicle has been added. This outbreak does not appear to be ongoing, as the last illness onset occurred in November 2021. FDA has initiated traceback and other investigational activities in an effort to learn more about possible sources or routes of contamination.
  • The outbreak of Salmonella Javiana linked to 65 illnesses has ended. The information collected over the course of this investigation indicated cut cantaloupe was the likely source of this outbreak, however it appears that the products linked to outbreak illnesses are past shelf life and are no longer available for sale. The most recent illness occurred in November 2021. FDA’s outbreak investigation did not identify a specific product until after the product had expired and was no longer on the market, and there were no actionable steps for consumers to take to protect themselves.
  • For the outbreak of E. coli O157:H7 linked to spinach, the outbreak has ended and the FDA investigation has closed. This incident was archived in the 2021 Investigation Table.
1/10/2022 1050 E. coli
O121:H19
Not Yet
Identified
4
12/29/2021 1052 E. coli
O157:H7
Packaged Salad See Outbreak
Advisory
12/20/2021 1039 Listeria
monocytogenes
Packaged Salad See Outbreak
Advisory
12/15/2021 1048 Listeria
monocytogenes
Packaged Salad See Outbreak
Advisory
11/24/2021 1044 Salmonella
Javiana
Cut Cantaloupe 65
9/15/2021 1031 Salmonella
Oranienburg
Red, Yellow,
and White Onions
See Outbreak
Advisory

RASFF Alerts – Salmonella – Polish Chicken Products – Black Pepper from Brazil

RASFF

Salmonella in Brazilian black pepper in the Netherlands

RASFF

Salmonella (presence /25g) in black pepper from Brazil in the Netherlands

RASFF

Salmonella (presence /25g) in black pepper from Brazil in the Netherlands

RASFF

Salmonella Grumpensis in black pepper from Brazil in Germany

RASFF

Salmonella (presence /25g) in black pepper from Brazil in France and the Netherlands

RASFF

Salmonella enteritidis in chicken neck skin samples from Poland in France, Germany, Netherlands, Poland and UK

RASFF

Salmonella Oranienburg in black pepper from Brazil in Germany

RASFF

Salmonella Javiana and Salmonella Poona in black pepper from Brazil in Germany

RASFF

Salmonella Enteritidis and Salmonella Infantis in poultry meat from Poland in Hungary and Poland

RASFF

Salmonella Infantis in chicken neck skin samples from Poland in Czech Republic, Austria, Poland and Slovakia

RASFF

Salmonella Javiana in black pepper from Brazil in Germany and the Netherlands

RASFF

Salmonella Infantis and Salmonella Albany in black pepper from Brazil in Germany

USA – FDA Core Outbreak Table Update

FDA

The FDA CORE Outbreak Table has six active food poisoning investigations this week; all but one has been identified or solved. The Salmonella Javiana outbreak, which was announced on November 24, 2021, is still not identified, and the number of people sickened in that outbreak has increased to 64.

Date
Posted
Reference
#
Pathogen
Product(s)
Linked to
Illnesses

(if any)
12/29/

2021

1052 E. coli
O157:H7
Packaged Salad
12/20/

2021

1039 Listeria
monocytogenes
Packaged Salad
12/15/

2021

1048 Listeria
monocytogenes
Packaged Salad
11/24/

2021

1044 Salmonella Javiana Not Yet
Identified
11/17/

2021

1043 E. coli
O157:H7
Spinach
9/15/

2021

1031 Salmonella
Oranienburg
Red, Yellow,
and White Onion

CPS – Research Project Funding 2022 – Bulb Onions

CPS

Assessing the potential for production practices to impact dry bulb onion safety

In 2020, the dry bulb onion industry faced their first significant outbreak of foodborne illness when red onions grown in California were epidemiologically linked to >1,000 cases of salmonellosis. Since then, industry and food safety experts have been scratching their heads to figure out how this could have happened. After review of outbreak data and consultation with various stakeholders, we have identified a small number of practices with the potential to contribute to a large-scale contamination event, through water or agricultural input contamination. We have designed field trials to determine the risks of using contaminated water source or other agricultural input when 1) applying crop protection sprays (pesticides and/or clay) and 2) during irrigation (overhead vs. drip). Our primary goal is to collect evidence demonstrating risks of these practices and to communicate our findings to relevant stakeholders to reduce the potential for outbreak like this from recurring in the future. We will share our findings via a broad outreach strategy that communicates with industry throughout the two-year study. Outreach activities culminate with the development and delivery of a workshop and best practices guide that enables growers to better understand risks and implement changes to minimize the likelihood of crop contamination.

CPS

Strategic approaches to mitigate Salmonella contamination of bulb onions

The proposal aims to address the recent multi-state Salmonella outbreak associated with red onion, resulting in nationwide recalls of onions and associated products. The outbreak highlights the pathogen’s ability to persist and survive on bulb onions during production, handling, or storage, causing significant concern to the onion produce industry. Although Salmonella’s persistence on other farm produce is documented, there is a general lack of knowledge on Salmonella’s behavior on bulb onions. We propose developing an onion-specific risk reduction plan by investigating Salmonella’s survival and growth on onion bulbs using different genetic backgrounds, nutritional compositions influenced by agronomic practices, seasons, and managed stress environments. Additionally, to understand the potential to serve as a transient host for transmission, we will investigate the effects of genetic, nutritional, and physiochemical characters on Salmonella survival and growth. This project will provide the industry with tools (1) to identify factors in the onion production and supply chain that may allow a Salmonella to persist, (2) identify varieties and agronomic practices that would minimize or eliminate its persistence, and (3) to help the produce industry in developing guidelines to manage risks of Salmonella in onions effectively.

RASFF Alerts – Salmonella – Polish Chicken/Duck Products – Black Pepper from Brazil – Smoked Goose Breast

RASFF

Salmonella Minnesota, S. Saphra in black pepper from Brazil in Germany

RASFF

Salmonella Oranienburg in black pepper from Brazil in Germany

RASFF

Salmonella enterica ser. Matadi (presence /25g), Salmonella enterica ser. Morehead (presence /25g) and Salmonella enterica ser. Saintpaul (presence /25g) in black pepper from Brazil in Germany

RASFF

Salmonella (presence /25g) in frozen duck meat from Poland in Italy

RASFF

Salmonella enterica ser. Javiana (presence /25g) in black pepper from Brazil in Germany and Poland

RASFF

Salmonella enterica ser. Newport (presence /25g) and Salmonella enterica ser. Saintpaul (presence /25g) in black pepper from Brazil in Germany

RASFF

Salmonella Enteritidis in chilled chicken quarters from Poland in Slovakia

RASFF

Salmonella Infantis in chicken breast from Ukraine in Slovakia and Poland

RASFF

Salmonella enterica ser. Enteritidis (presence /25g) in chilled poultry meat from Poland in France, Germany, Netherlands, UK and Poland

RASFF

S. Rubislaw and S. Saintpaul in black pepper from Brazil in Germany

RASFF

Salmonella spp. in smoked goose breast from Germany, raw material from Poland in Austria, France, Belgium, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Romania and Switzerland

RASFF

Salmonella Glostrup, S. Agona in black pepper from Brazil in Germany

RASFF

Salmonella enterica ser. Derby (in 1 out of 5 samples /25g) and Salmonella enterica ser. Newport (in 2 out of 5 samples /25g) in chilled chicken meat from Poland in Belgium, Germany and Italy

RASFF

Salmonella Glostrup in black pepper from Brazil in Germany

RASFF

Salmonella enterica ser. Matadi (presence /25g), Salmonella enterica ser. Minnesota (presence /25g), Salmonella enterica ser. Oranienburg (presence /25g), Salmonella enterica ser. Rubislaw (presence /25g) and Salmonella enterica ser. Saphra (presence /25g) in black pepper from Brazil in Germany

RASFF

S.Poona, S. Matadi, S.Schwarzengrund in black pepper from Brazil in Germany

RASFF

Salmonella Derby and Salmonella Newport in chilled chicken meat from Poland in Italy

RASFF

Salmonella Saintpaul in black pepper from Brazil in Germany

RASFF

Salmonella Infantis in frozen chicken meat cubes with seasoning halal from Poland in France