Research – Quantitative and qualitative analysis of antimicrobial usage at farm and flock level on 181 broiler farms in nine European countries

Oxford Academic

To control the emerging threat of antimicrobial resistance, international policy appeals for appropriate monitoring of antimicrobial usage (AMU) at supranational, species and farm level. The aim of this study was to quantify AMU in broilers at farm and flock level in nine European countries.

Research – Evaluation of wheat kernels infected by fungi of the genus Fusarium based on morphological features

Wiley Online

Abstract

The aim of this study was to propose a nondestructive method for evaluating wheat kernels infected by fungi of the genus Fusarium based on the morphological features of kernels and for distinguishing infected kernels from healthy kernels. Images were acquired with a flatbed scanner to determine 59 geometric parameters (linear dimensions and shape factors). Wheat kernels were classified as infected or healthy with the use of Decision trees, Rules, Bayes, Lazy, Meta, and Functions classifiers in WEKA 3.9 software. The classification accuracy of the model based on 59 attributes ranged from 58.12% to 73.37%. The selection of the best attributes shortened the time of the analysis and improved classification results. Linear Forward Selection and MLP classifiers were characterized by the highest classification accuracy.

Practical applications

The infection of cereal grains by fungi of the genus Fusarium is a food security challenge that can compromise the quantity and quality of yields in many agricultural regions. Selected fungi produce mycotoxins with carcinogenic, mutagenic, teratogenic, and immunotoxic effects for humans and animals. In this study, a nondestructive method was applied to evaluate wheat kernels infected by fungi of the genus Fusarium based on the morphological features of kernels and to distinguish infected kernels from healthy kernels. The proposed method can be used for rapid, inexpensive, and effective detection of fungal infections in cereal grain.

RASFF Alerts – Foodborne Outbreak – Listeria monocytogenes – Chilled Fermented Trout Fillets

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RASFF – foodborne outbreak caused by Listeria monocytogenes in chilled fermented salted trout fillets processed in Sweden, packaged in Norway in Norway

RASFF Alerts – Listeria monocytogenes – Orange Duck Galatine – Chilled Smoked Salmon – Cheese – Mozzerella Grated Cheese

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RASFF – Listeria monocytogenes (550 CFU/g) in chilled orange duck galantine from France in France

RASFF – Listeria monocytogenes (in 2 out of 5 samples /25g) in chilled smoked salmon from Latvia, via Denmark in Italy

RASFF – Listeria found in the production environment of cheese from the Netherlands in Denmark

RASFF –  Listeria monocytogenes (presence /25g) in chilled smoked salmon from Latvia in Italy
RASFF – Listeria monocytogenes (presence /25g) in mozzarella grated cheese from the Netherlands in the Netherlands

RASFF Alert – Norovirus – Live Oysters

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RASFF – norovirus (GII /2g) in live oysters (Crassostrea gigas) from France in Italy

RASFF Alerts – Salmonella – Turkey Breasts – Sesame Seeds – Turkey Fillets – Wild Moringa Capsules

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RASFF – Salmonella enterica ser. Typhimurium (present /25g) in chilled turkey breasts from Poland n Italy

RASFF – Salmonella (presence /25g) in organic sesame seeds from Uganda in the Netherlands

RASFF – Salmonella enterica ser. Typhimurium in chilled turkey fillets from Poland in the Netherlands

RASFF – Salmonella enterica ser. Cubana (presence /25g) in sesame seeds from Sudan in Greece

RASFF – Salmonella (presence /25g) in wild moringa capsules from the Philippines in Germany

RASFF – Salmonella (presence /250g) in sesame seeds from Sudan in Greece

 

RASFF Alerts – Ochratoxin A – Food Supplement – Organic Rye

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RASFF – ochratoxin A (54.81 µg/kg – ppb) in food supplement manufactured in India, via Bulgaria in Romania

RASFF – ochratoxin A (6.4 µg/kg – ppb) in organic rye from the Czech Republic in Slovenia