Australia – Western Australia records alarming spike in gastro cases – Norovirus – Rotavirus

Western Australia has recorded an alarming surge in gastro cases over the summer, with the spread of rotavirus “spiking dramatically” in the latter half of 2021.

544 cases of rotavirus were detected in the Perth metro area, compared to 175 the year before. Group chair of the WA branch of the Australian Medical Association, Simon Torvaldson, says the outbreak could have spread much further than case numbers suggest.

A total of 163 rotavirus cases were recorded in November alone, dwarfing the 18 detected cases for the same month in 2020.

Norovirus was the most common cause of viral gastroenteritis, with symptoms including a quick onset of nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea that lasts 2-3 days.

Other symptoms include fever, abdominal pain, headaches and muscle aches.

“A lot of people with milder gastro will simply tough it out without seeing a doctor,” he told ABC Radio.

“And to be honest, other than helping you with the symptoms and making sure you stay as hydrated as possible, there is little that doctors can do.”

The new data came after another noted spike in viral gastroenteritis cases in Victorian childcare centres in late 2021.

Cases surged over the eight-month period leading up to October, with the number of outbreaks climbing to more than three times higher than the average for the same period in past years.

Data obtained by NCA NewsWire shows there have been 554 outbreaks in childcare centres from January 1 this year up until August 23.

Denmark- Mold/Mould on layer cake bases


Coronet Cake Company ApS is recalling two varieties of Salling layer cake bases due to the discovery of mold in the products.

Recalled Foods , Published: January 28, 2022

Modified January 28, 2022

Which foods:
Salling Lagkagebunde Kakao 
Net weight: 340g
Best before dates: 07.02.2022 and 22.02.2022
EAN code: 571872607540

Salling Lagkagebunde, light
Net weight: 340g
Best before dates: 07.02.2022 and 22.02.2022

Sold in:
  Føtex and Bilka throughout the country

Company recalling:
Coronet Cake Company ApS, Valorevej 16, 4130 Viby Sjælland

The company has established that there is a risk of mold in the products.

Mold formation makes the products unsuitable as food.

Advice for consumers:
The Danish Veterinary and Food Administration advises consumers to deliver the products back to the store where they were purchased or to discard them.

Germany – Camembert Moule a la Louche, Isigny Calvados – E.coli


Alert type: Food
Date of first publication: 01/27/2022
Product name:

Camembert Moule a la Louche, Isigny Calvados

Product images:

01/25/2022 - product image.png
Manufacturer (distributor):

Manufacturer: The French company STE MERE Placer on the market: Fromi GmbH, Otto-Hahn-Straße 5, 77694 Kehl-Germany

Reason for warning:

Suspected contamination with unwanted bacteria (Escherichia coli).

Durability: BBD: 01/28/2022
Lot identification: Identification mark : FR14342001CE
Further information:
Reference is made to the company’s attached customer information.

France – Veal paupiette – Salmonella

Gov france

Identification information of the recalled product

  • Product category Food
  • Product subcategory Meats
  • Product brand name Home-made
  • Identification of products
  • Products List veal_paupiettes.pdf Attachment
  • Packaging PER KILO
  • Marketing start/end date From 07/01/2022 to 10/01/2022
  • Storage temperature Product to be stored in the refrigerator
  • Geographic area of ​​sale INTERMARCHE VILLENEUVE DE BERG

Practical information regarding the recall

  • Reason for recall non-compliant analysis trace of salmonella
  • Risks incurred by the consumer Salmonella spp (causative agent of salmonellosis)

France – POULIGNY-SAINT-PIERRE – Salmonella

Gov france

Identification information of the recalled product

  • Product category Food
  • Product subcategory Milk and dairy products
  • Product brand name/
  • Identification of products
    Lot Dated
    see attached product list
    L347 Use-by date 06/02/2022
  • Products List Reminder_poster.pdf Attachment
  • Packaging Packed in a cheese stand
  • Marketing start/end date From 08/01/2022 to 28/01/2022
  • Storage temperature Product to be stored in the refrigerator
  • Health mark/
  • Further information/
  • Geographic area of ​​sale Auchan San Sebastian
  • Distributors Auchan San Sebastian

Practical information regarding the recall

  • Reason for recall presence of Salmonella
  • Risks incurred by the consumer Salmonella spp (causative agent of salmonellosis)

Research – EU Harmonised Surveillance of Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) in E. coli from Retail Meats in UK (2020 -Year 6, chicken)

Gov UK

Lay person’s summary
This report presents results of the EU harmonised surveillance of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in E. coliform retail chicken meats in the UK in 2020.
In accordance with European Directive 2003/99/E Con the monitoring of bacteria that can pass from animals to humans and causes disease (zoonoses and zoonotic agents), Member States (MS) are obliged to ensure that procedures are in place to monitor and report on the occurrence of antimicrobial resistance(AMR) in such bacteria.
The UK continued to be subject to EU rules during the transition period up to the end of December 2020.Further testing of retail beef, chicken and pork is being considered based on surveillance priorities. The requirements (with additional detailed guidance from the EU Reference Laboratory for Antimicrobial Resistance) state that 300 retail chicken meats should be tested by culture for the bacterium Escherichia coli. E. coli bacteria are a normal part of the gut flora of mammals and as such can be useful “indicators” of AMR in gut bacteria.
Whilst some strains of E. coli can cause disease, most strains of E. coli do not cause observable disease in healthy animals and humans. The EU requirements state that samples should be tested on an agar (growth medium) supplemented with a third generation cephalosporin. Third generation cephalosporins area group of antimicrobials which are important for treating infections in humans. E. coligrowth on this agar suggests antimicrobial resistance known as Extended Spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) resistance and/or Amp C resistance.
ESBL resistance is also referred to as ESBL-phenotype, Amp C resistance is also referred to as Amp C-phenotype. The degrees of susceptibility/resistance of E. coli recovered from this agar must then be determined to a pre-defined panel of antimicrobials by Minimum Inhibitory Concentrations (MICs) tests. EU requirements also state that samples should be tested on two other supplemented agars which select bacteria which are resistant to carbapenems.
Carbapeems are another a group of antimicrobials which are very important in human medicine. Carbapenems are termed “last resort” antimicrobials because they are used to treat severe infections when all or almost all other treatment options have failed, because the infecting bacteria are resistant to most / all other relevant antimicrobials. Additionally, each meat sample is tested for counts of the number of background and AMR(Amp C and ESBL type resistance only) E. coli in each meat sample according to an EU protocol.
At the request of the FSA, other agar culture media used to test samples included an agar to specifically isolate E. coli with ESBL-only type resistance only (rather than for E. coli with both an AmpC and an ESBL type resistance as per one of the EU specified agars), and an agar to isolate colistin resistant E. coli. Colistin is another “last resort” antimicrobial, so it is important to monitor if resistance in E. coli to colistin is occurring in food samples.
Colistin resistance in E. coli isolates may involve a number of resistance genes such as mcr-1, mcr-2 andmcr-3. These mcr genes are considered particularly important as they are usually carried on genetic elements known as plasmids. As plasmids are “mobile” (can pass from one bacterium to another), the resistance genes located on them can potentially be shared with other bacteria within the gut. In total during 2020, 327 samples of fresh chicken were collected of which 315 were eligible for testing. The 315 eligible retail chicken meat samples were collected from England (n=274), Scotland (n=20), Wales (n=11), and Northern Ireland (n=10) from ten different supermarket chains. Sample collection was impacted by the coronavirus pandemic.
Monthly sampling was suspended for 3 months from April to June2020, resuming in July. Sample numbers were adjusted in subsequent months to reach the target of 300 samples. The types of chicken meat collected were whole chicken (n=127), chicken breast (n=113) and other cuts, including quarters, legs, thighs & drumsticks (n=75). Of the samples collected, 58.7% and 41.2% had skin on or off respectively.
Breast samples were the main sample type from which skin was removed. Of the 315 samples, 309 were stated as originating from the UK, five from Poland and one from Ireland. No growth was observed from any of the samples(meaning the test results were negative and the bacteria were therefore not resistant to carbapenem antimicrobials) on the two agars that selected for carbapenem-resistant E. coli.
Forty-one(13.0%) of the samples gave rise to E. coli on MacConkey agar + 1mg/L cefotaxime. These positive results imply the E. coli were resistant to cefotaxime. MIC analysis of these 41isolatesfound that39 of the total number of samples tested (12.4%) expressed an ESBL-phenotype resistance (including two isolates additionally expressed the Amp C phenotype resistance).
The remaining two of these 41 E. coli isolates(0.63%) expressed an Amp C-phenotype resistance but not ESBL-phenotype resistance. The observed frequencies of recovery of ESBL-phenotype E. coli from samples from individual supermarkets ranged from 0% to and 22.1% of the samples tested per supermarket, including those with an Amp C+ESBL-phenotype. A total of 54 of all the samples tested, representing 17.1%,gave rise to growth on the ESBL-only specific agar and a total of 3 (0.95%)of all the samples tested were positive for the mcr-1 transferable colistin resistance gene. These three samples all originated from Poland.
A further two samples were also originally positive for mcr-3 when multiple suspect colonies was tested. However, it was not possible to isolate individual mcr-3positive E. coli from the mix, so these results must be considered equivocal. Using MIC tests, the isolates from the Amp C/ESBL specific agar were tested for the degree of resistance to a total of 19 antimicrobials. Based on the MIC results, isolates were determined as resistant or sensitive to a particular antimicrobial using cut-offs known as ECOFFs (Epidemiological Cut Offs published by EUCAST). The ECOFF distinguishes between organisms without and with phenotypically expressed resistance mechanisms for a bacterial species to an antimicrobial. None of the 41 isolates from the Amp C/ESBL specific agar were microbiologically resistant to the ‘last resort’ carbapenem antimicrobials imipenem and meropenem or to colistin. The MIC of ertapenem against one Amp C+ESBL-phenotype isolate was just above the previous EUCAST ECOFF(currently there is only a tentative ECOFF for ertapenem), and as such was microbiologically resistant. This isolate was not clinically resistant though, using EUCAST clinical break point..None of the E. coli were resistant to the antibiotics temocillin or tigecycline.
Only one isolate was resistant to the antibiotic’s azithromycin or gentamicin, whilst about 60% of isolates were resistant to the quinolone antibiotics (ciprofloxacin or nalidixic acid)or to chloramphenicol. Isolates obtained from agar with 1 mg/L cefotaxime were all resistant to cefotaxime andto antibiotics of a similar type, such as ampicillin and ceftazidime and most were also resistant to cefepime. Most of the isolates were resistant to the older antibiotics’ sulfamethoxazole and tetracyclines, and approximately 50% were resistant to trimethoprim.
Genetic tests (whole genome sequencing) showed that most of the E. coli isolates from the ESBL agar carried the bla CTX-Mgene which confers resistance to third generation cephalosporin antimicrobials, and has been frequently detected in E. coli from chickens and chicken meat in previous studies, including the 2016 and 2018 surveys. None of the meat samples had bacterial counts of background E. coli (isolates obtained from agar without antibiotics) or presumptive Amp C/ESBL-producing E. coli above the detection limit (when using the EU method) of 3,000 E. coli colony forming units (cfu) per gram of meat. In summary, the results in 2020 showed that 12.4% and 1.6% of retail chicken meat samples were positive for ESBL or Amp C-phenotype E. coli, respectively (including the three isolates with the combined Amp C/ESBL-phenotype in both the ESBL or Amp C-phenotype groups) on the Amp C/ESBL specific agar. Whilst there was an increase in the percentage of isolates with an ESBL-phenotype there was a decrease in the percentage of isolates with an Amp C-phenotype between 2018 and 2020.
Overall, between 2018 and 2020, the percentages of samples positive on the Amp C/ESBL specific agar remained almost identical at 13.6% and 13.0%,respectively.None of the samples were positive for carbapenem-resistant E. coli on either of the two carbapenem selective agars. Between the 2016 and 2018 EUsurveys1there was a significant reduction in the proportion of chicken samples positive on the Amp C/ESBL specific agar and the ESBL agar.
Comparison with a paper on UK samples tested in 2013/142 also showed a significant reduction in samples positive for ESBL-producing E. coli between 2013/14 and the 2016 EU survey (65.4% to 29.7%), albeit sampling and isolation methods were similar, but not identical for the two studies.The2018 report for chicken meat samples1 suggests that these drops in the level of antimicrobial-resistant E. coli on retail chicken meat since 2013/14 may be linked to the restriction by the British Poultry Council to the use of third-and fourth-generation cephalosporins in flocks used for poultry meat production in the UK in 2012 as part of antimicrobial stewardship.
The 2020 survey results suggest that the proportions of Amp C or ESBL-phenotype E. coli in retail chicken have not changed since 2018. There was a slight increase in the proportions of samples that were positive on the ESBL-specific agar compared to the 2018. This was the first year that retail chicken samples were found to be positive for mcr plasmid-mediated colistin resistant E. coli. It should be considered that 2020 was an unusual year due to the impact of the coronavirus pandemic, although there is no reason to suppose this affected the proportions of retail chicken meat positive for AMR E. coli.

Research – Comparing the effectiveness of Cinnamomum zeylanicum essential oil and two common household sanitizers to reduce lettuce microbiota and prevent Salmonella enterica recontamination

Wiley Online

Vegetable Bacteria Danger

The washing step is necessary to remove biological and physical hazards from minimally processed vegetables. Nevertheless, the risk of foodborne diseases could persist even after washing due to postsanitizing contamination, and little is known about the antimicrobial effect of residual sanitizers. This study was conducted to compare the effectiveness of sodium hypochlorite (SH), sodium bicarbonate, and Cinnamomum zeylanicum essential oil (CEO) as sanitizers on lettuce (8°C, 48 h). First, the effect of sanitizers in reducing total aerobic mesophilic and psychrotrophic bacteria, yeast and molds, lactic acid bacteria, and Enterobacteriaceae on lettuce was evaluated with some insights on lettuce quality attributes (pH, color, and sensory analysis). Then, the capability of the treatments in preventing postwashing Salmonella adhesion on lettuce surface was investigated. Commercial SH disinfectant (solution at 2%) and CEO (0.5%) reduced microbial contamination in lettuce, without affecting the overall acceptability after 48 h at 8°C. SH reduced postsanitizing Salmonella adhesion of about 2.7 Log colony forming unit (CFU)/g. The microbial reduction was confirmed by confocal laser scanning microscopy, which also evidenced Salmonella internalization within stomata. Interestingly, CEO as well reduced Salmonella adhesion but with lower efficacy (0.44–1.00 Log CFU/g reduction), while sodium bicarbonate (15 mg/ml) was not effective. In conclusion, SH and CEO seem to be effective sanitizing agents, capable of improving the microbiological profile of fresh produce. In addition, the residual sanitizers, that remain on lettuce after washing, play a role in reducing Salmonella adhesion.

UK – FSA – Draft guidance for consultation: Less than thoroughly cooked beef burgers


Disease In Food

Summary of the less than thoroughly cooked beef burgers guidance for food businesses and local authorities.

This guidance gives advice to food businesses and local authority (LA) officers on controls and safe systems which can reduce the risks associated with less than thoroughly cooked (LTTC) beef burgers, sometimes referred to as rare, pink or lightly cooked burgers.

his document contains regulatory guidance and best practice. Regulatory guidance specifies how food business operators can comply with legislation. Best practice is not required by law.

Who is this publication for?

This guidance is for:

  • businesses serving LTTC beef burgers
  • local authority officers enforcing food hygiene official controls
  • it may also be of interest to manufacturers and processors of beef, minced beef and beef burgers intended to be less than thoroughly cooked

Canada – Notice not to consume smoked salmon of various brands sold refrigerated by Bagel Beaubien



QUEBEC CITY, Jan. 27, 2022 /CNW Telbec/ – The Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (MAPAQ), in collaboration with the Food Inspection Division of the City of Montreal and the company Bagel Beaubien, located at 828, rue Beaubien, in Montreal, advises the public not to consume the products indicated in the table below, because they have not been packaged in such a way as to ensure their safety. Indeed, these products should be kept frozen until use.

Product name


Product brand

Affected lot



“Dom Norwegian Fjord”

Units sold until January 27, 2022



“Grizzly Smokehouse”




The products that are the subject of this warning were offered for sale until January 27, 2022 inclusively, and only at the establishment designated above. They were presented in the manufacturers’ original packaging (a golden cardboard covered with a vacuum bag) and were sold in a thawed state. The retailer only added a price tag on the original packaging of the products.

The operator is voluntarily recalling the products in question. It has agreed with MAPAQ and the Food Inspection Division of the City of Montreal to issue this warning as a precautionary measure. Also, people who have any of these products in their possession are advised not to consume it. They must either return it to the establishment where they bought it or throw it away. Even if the affected products show no signs of tampering or suspicious odors, consuming them may pose a health risk. It should be noted that no case of illness associated with the consumption of these foods has been reported to MAPAQ to date.

Norwegian Fjord Smoked Steelhead Salmon (CNW Group/Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food) 

Grizzly Sliced ​​Smoked Coho Salmon (CNW Group/Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food) 

Nanuk Coho Smoked Salmon (CNW Group/Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food) 

Hazard Classification:  Class 1
Reference Number:  4479

Media relations
Direction des communications
Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries
and Food
Tel. : 418 380-2100, extension 3512

New Zealand – Public health warning about shellfish in the Orewa and Warkworth area, North Island – PSP Toxins


The Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI) today issued a public health warning against collecting shellfish from the Orewa and Warkworth area. The warning extends from Takatu Point on the Tāwharanui Peninsula, south to Huaroa Point on the Whangaparoa Peninsula. The warning includes Mahurangi Harbour, Kawau Island and the smaller islands west of Kawau Island.

Routine tests on shellfish samples taken from Mahurangi Harbour have shown levels of Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning (PSP) toxins above the safe limit of 0.8 mg/kg set by MPI. Anyone eating shellfish from this area is potentially at risk of illness.

Mussels, oysters, tuatua, pipi, toheroa, cockles, scallops, catseyes, kina (sea urchin) and all other bivalve shellfish should not be eaten.

Note, cooking shellfish does not remove the toxin.

Pāua, crab and crayfish may still be eaten if the gut has been completely removed prior to cooking, as toxins accumulate in the gut. If the gut is not removed its contents could contaminate the meat during the cooking process.

Symptoms typically appear between 10 minutes and 3 hours after ingestion and may include:

  • numbness and a tingling (prickly feeling) around the mouth, face, and extremities (hands and feet)
  • difficulty swallowing or breathing
  • dizziness
  • headache
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • diarrhoea
  • paralysis and respiratory failure and in severe cases, death.

If anyone becomes ill after eating shellfish from an area where a public health warning has been issued, freephone Healthline for advice on 0800 61 11 16, or seek medical attention immediately. You are also advised to contact your nearest public health unit and keep any leftover shellfish in case it can be tested.

Monitoring of toxin levels will continue and any changes will be communicated accordingly. Commercially harvested shellfish – sold in shops and supermarkets, or exported – is subject to strict water and flesh monitoring programmes by MPI to ensure they are safe to eat. There is no commercial harvesting of shellfish in the affected area.