Information -Do Ice Machines Spread Legionnaires Disease?

Legionella Control Legionella_Plate_01

Ice machines and chilled water dispensers are becoming increasingly popular both at home and in the workplace where they are used for a variety of purposes. At first glance, the freezing water temperatures used to create ice would suggest that opportunities for bacterial growth would be very limited and so the risks to people using them insignificant. However, this may not always be the case and here we consider if ice machines can spread Legionnaires’ disease.

Ice machines and chilled water dispensers offering ice or cold water do so at temperatures well below the 20-degree threshold for concern. However, each machine contains a mechanical compressor that is used to lower water temperatures. The heat given off by a compressor may be enough to warm the water inside the machine, thereby allowing Legionella bacteria to grow and multiply unseen. The bacteria could then potentially reach levels in the water where it may prove concerning for those drinking it or taking ice from the machine.

A similar scenario could occur if the machine is positioned in a warm spot, i.e. near to a radiator or other source of heat.

Ireland – Recall of Dr Zaks Barn Farmed Liquid Egg White Due to Detection of Salmonella

Image result for dr zaks barn farmed liquid egg whiteFSAI  

Category 2: For Information
Alert Notification: 2018.39
Product: Dr Zak’s Barn Farmed Liquid Egg White; pack size: 970ml
Batch Code: 18180BN2A; ‘best-before’ date: 29/12/2018
Country Of Origin: France


Dr Zak’s is recalling the above batch of its barn farmed liquid egg white due to the detection of Salmonella. Point-of-sale recall notices will be displayed in stores that sold the implicated batch.


Canada -Belleisle Farms brand Cole Slaw recalled due to Listeria monocytogenes


Recall details

Ottawa, September 18, 2018 – Belleisle Foods Ltd. is recalling Belleisle Farms brand Cole Slaw from the marketplace due to possible Listeria monocytogenes contamination. Consumers should not consume the recalled product described below.

Recalled products

Brand Name Common Name Size Code(s) on Product UPC
Belleisle Farms Cole Slaw 227 g 18SE25 0 33383 65260 3

What you should do

If you think you became sick from consuming a recalled product, call your doctor.

Check to see if you have recalled products in your home. Recalled products should be thrown out or returned to the store where they were purchased.

Food contaminated with Listeria monocytogenes may not look or smell spoiled but can still make you sick. Symptoms can include vomiting, nausea, persistent fever, muscle aches, severe headache and neck stiffness. Pregnant women, the elderly and people with weakened immune systems are particularly at risk. Although infected pregnant women may experience only mild, flu-like symptoms, the infection can lead to premature delivery, infection of the newborn or even stillbirth. In severe cases of illness, people may die.

USA – Statement from FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb, M.D., on the FDA’s ongoing efforts to prevent foodborne outbreaks of Cyclospora

FDA 220px-Cyclospora_cayetanensis_stained

The safety of the American food supply is one of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s highest priorities. A key part of our work in this space focuses on implementing the principles and measures of the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA). The actions directed by FSMA are designed to prevent foodborne illness and food safety problems from happening.

As part of these efforts, we conduct surveys that involve collecting a robust sample of certain food commodities available in the U.S. marketplace to monitor for the presence of foodborne pathogens. Over time, the FDA has increased its surveillance sampling efforts. We’ve also advanced new technology for pursuing these efforts and expanded the list of foodborne pathogens that the FDA monitors. Owing to these efforts, including a new FDA laboratory testing method, we’ve recently been able to add screening for Cyclospora – a parasite that causes intestinal infection after people ingest something, such as fresh or uncooked produce, or water that was contaminated with human waste – to the list of foodborne pathogens that we can routinely test for in appropriate commodities.

The availability of new testing methods for Cyclospora played an important role in helping the FDA identify a number of positive samples this summer. We detected Cyclospora in domestically grown cilantro that was tested as part of an ongoing sampling assignment of herbs. This cilantro sample has not been linked to any illnesses, but it was the first time we identified Cyclospora in any domestically grown produce item.  Our domestic oversight efforts will evolve to confront this new risk.

This year has been notable for the number of cyclosporiasis cases reported by state and local health departments. Our partners at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) today announced that 2,173 cases of domestically acquired cyclosporiasis have been recorded this spring and summer as of Sept. 12. Although this case count represents a significant increase from our previous experience with this parasite over the last several years, some of this increase is likely the result of improved public health monitoring for human illness, including better diagnostic tests.

Many of this year’s illnesses with Cyclospora are linked to two very large produce-associated outbreaks that we announced over the last several months. One of these outbreaks occurred in the spring. It resulted in 250 illnesses in four states and was linked to Del Monte vegetable trays containing broccoli, cauliflower, and carrots that were sold mostly in convenience stores in the Upper Midwest. Our traceback efforts to determine the source of the contamination indicate that the ingredients could have come from either domestic or imported sources. While our findings were not conclusive regarding the source, we were able to work with Del Monte to voluntarily recall the vegetable trays to limit the extent of illness and on Sept. 6, the FDA and CDC declared this outbreak over.

The second outbreak occurred this summer when 511 Cyclospora illnesses were reported by 16 states. Most of these illnesses occurred in the Midwest. This outbreak was linked to McDonald’s salads sold in 14 states in the Midwest that contained a romaine lettuce and carrot mix supplied by Fresh Express. The FDA worked with McDonald’s to quickly remove implicated salad from the stores. Testing conducted by the FDA identified the parasite in an unopened package of the bagged salad mix, supporting epidemiologic evidence that the salad mix is the source of the outbreak. Fresh Express took the additional precautionary step of recalling lots of romaine lettuce outside the positive lot contained in the salad mix. On Sept. 12, the FDA and CDC announced that this outbreak had ended.

Our experts worked with both McDonald’s and Fresh Express to trace the bagged salad mix ingredients back to where they were grown. We found that the products came from primarily domestic growers. During our investigation, two samples of domestically grown romaine lettuce were also found to be positive for Cyclospora even though they were not sourced from locations associated with the lettuce that was linked to this outbreak. None of the romaine lettuce associated with these positive test results for Cyclospora went into the marketplace and all of the produce suspected of being contaminated was destroyed, preventing additional Cyclospora illnesses from occurring. However, these findings are important as they represent the second time that Cyclospora has been identified in produce grown in the U.S.

Although these two outbreaks are large, together they account for less than half of all domestically acquired Cyclospora cases reported to CDC in 2018.  As noted by CDC, smaller clusters of illness have also been identified and investigations to date have found them to be epidemiologically linked to consumption of basil and cilantro in Mexican-style restaurants. These clusters are similar to clusters of Cyclospora seen in previous years that were traced to imported herbs although our investigation into the source of the current illnesses is ongoing. That said, our market survey of fresh herbs did identify Cyclospora earlier this summer in cilantro offered for import from two producers in Mexico. In response to that finding, the FDA refused entry for these shipments and took action to prevent contaminated cilantro from those firms from entering the U.S. market.

The discovery of Cyclospora in both domestic and imported produce raise both old and new concerns. They underscore the importance of the FDA’s surveillance activities to better define risks, like investigating why different product types like vegetable trays are being linked to Cyclospora outbreaks, and how widespread Cyclospora may be in the U.S. They also stress the need to broaden the tools, like import alerts, that we have up to this point used to prevent Cyclospora illnesses in the U.S. to also include actions that are more appropriate for addressing domestic contamination events.

The findings also highlight the significance of continuing to implement the provisions of the Produce Safety Rule at home and abroad. We must continue to put in place science-based measures to prevent microbial contamination from occurring, and work with our state and foreign partners to implement the Produce Safety Rule. We’ve been working closely with the National Association of State Departments of Agriculture and our state partners to, among other things, train federal and state regulators who will conduct inspections slated to begin next spring, develop inventories of farms that are covered by the rule, put in place the Produce Safety Network to support the states and their farming communities regionally, conduct On Farm Readiness Reviews to help farmers assess their preparedness to implement the Produce Safety Rule, and continue training opportunities for the farming community. All of these efforts are part of our commitment to working every day to assure the American public of the safety of the foods you and your family purchase and consume.

The U.S. has one of the safest food supplies in the world. But we also recognize that there is more that we can do when we have new findings like we’ve seen with Cyclospora. New risks will continue to emerge. Our system needs to be rigorous, nimble, and proactive in order to confront new challenges.

I want to reinforce to consumers that it’s our goal to figure out how these outbreaks happened. We take this obligation very seriously. That’s, in part, why we are intervening early. And it’s why we’ll be communicating regularly with the public to provide information and updates on all of the outbreaks we work on.

I remain committed to strengthening our work on outbreak investigations — and to applying the FDA’s food safety expertise to protect American families and keep them safe both now and in the future. We’ll provide more updates as our investigations continue, especially when we have actionable information for consumers.

The FDA encourages consumers with questions about food safety to Submit An Inquirydisclaimer icon to the agency, or to visit for additional information.

The FDA, an agency within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, protects the public health by assuring the safety, effectiveness, and security of human and veterinary drugs, vaccines and other biological products for human use, and medical devices. The agency also is responsible for the safety and security of our nation’s food supply, cosmetics, dietary supplements, products that give off electronic radiation, and for regulating tobacco products.

Canada – Salmonella Outbreak Linked to Frozen Raw Breaded Chicken Products Ends in Canada

Public Health Canada

The Public Health Agency of Canada is collaborating with provincial and territorial public health partners, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency and Health Canada to investigate outbreaks of Salmonella infections across Canada linked to raw chicken, including frozen raw breaded chicken products.

On September 13, 2018, Canada’s Council of Chief Medical Officers of Health issued a statement advising Canadians to follow proper food safety practices when handling, preparing or consuming frozen raw breaded chicken products such as chicken nuggets, chicken strips, chicken burgers, popcorn chicken and chicken fries.

As of September 13, 2018, there have been 419 laboratory-confirmed cases of Salmonella illness investigated as part of the illness outbreaks across the country: British Columbia (36), Alberta (60), Saskatchewan (13), Manitoba (19), Ontario (146), Quebec (98), New Brunswick (23), Nova Scotia (9), Prince Edward Island (1), Newfoundland and Labrador (10), Northwest Territories (1), Yukon (1), and Nunavut (2). There have been 86 individuals hospitalized as part of these outbreaks. Three individuals have died; however, Salmonella was not the cause of death for two of those individuals, and it was not determined whether Salmonella contributed to the cause of death for the third individual. Infections have occurred in Canadians of all ages and genders.

All current and future Salmonella outbreak investigations linked to raw chicken, including frozen raw breaded chicken products, and related food recall warnings will be listed in the next section of the public health notice to remind Canadians of the ongoing risk associated with these types of food products.

Canada – Future Seafoods Inc. Malpeque Oysters brand Oysters recalled due to Salmonella


kswfoodworld salmonella

Recall details

Ottawa, September 17, 2018 – Future Seafoods Inc. is recalling Future Seafoods Inc. Malpeque brand Oysters from the marketplace due to possible Salmonella contamination. Consumers should not consume and distributors, retailers, and food service establishments such as hotels and restaurants should not sell or use the recalled product described below.

Recalled products

Brand Name Common Name Size Code(s) on Product UPC
Future Seafoods Inc. Malpeque Oysters Oysters – Std. 25 count Harvest/process date: 09/10/18
Harvest location: PE9B

UK – Dr Zak’s recalls Barn Farmed Liquid Egg White because salmonella has been found in the product

FSA   kswfoodworld Salmonella

Dr Zak’s is recalling Barn Farmed Liquid Egg White because salmonella has been found in the product.

Product details

Barn Farmed Liquid Egg White

Pack size 970ml
Lot number 18180BN2A
Use by 29 December 2018

No other Dr Zak’s products are known to be affected.

Risk statement

The presence of salmonella in the product listed above.

Symptoms caused by salmonella usually include fever, diarrhoea and abdominal cramps.

Action taken by the company

Dr Zak’s is recalling the above product. Point-of-sale notices will be displayed in all retail stores that are selling this product. These notices explain to customers why the product is being recalled and tell them what to do if they have bought the product. Please see the attached notice.