Category Archives: Aflatoxin

RASFF Alerts – Aflatoxin – Nutmeg – Peanuts – Dried Red Chillies

RASFF-Logo

RASFF – aflatoxins in nutmeg from India in the UK

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 9.9; Tot. = 10.6 µg/kg – ppb) in peanuts with shell from Israel in Italy

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 7.0 µg/kg – ppb) in red dried whole chillies from India in the UK

RASFF Alert- Animal Feed – Aflatoxin – |Groundnuts

RASFF-Logo

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 437 µg/kg – ppb) in shelled groundnuts from Nigeria in the UK

Research – Aflatoxins: a major threat to food safety

Technology Times

Aflatoxins are toxic and carcinogenic mycotoxins found in a range of agricultural products, particularly cereals and nuts. Of especial concern are potentially high levels of these mycotoxins in maize and peanuts, which form part of staple diets in many parts of Asia.

The major fungus producing aflatoxins is Aspergillus flavus. However, another fungus,Aspergillus parasiticus and a few other minor species of Aspergillus can also produce these toxins.

Aflatoxins in crops:

All cereal crops can contain aflatoxins. Intensive cropping practices and decreased genetic diversity in cereal crops probably contribute to increased preharvest infections of commodities with fungi that produce aflatoxins.  Preharvest contamination of crops with aflatoxins occurs in the temperate and tropical regions.

The seeds in growth-stressed plants are the most susceptible to fungal invasion and aflatoxin production. Postharvest contamination occurs worldwide when conditions in the storage unit exist for the growth of Aflatoxigenic fungi. Aflatoxigenic fungi can grow in feedlot manure.

Insects spread the spores of aflatoxigenic fungi to plants and the fungi colonize areas of insect damage. The flower and silk in corn can be portals of entry for species of Aspergillus.

Insect damage, timing of irrigation or rain, relative humidity around the bolls, stage of maturity and variety of cotton can be factors in causing preharvest contamination of cottonseed with aflatoxins.

RASFF Alerts – Aflatoxin – Pistachios – Chilli Powder – Peanut and White Chocolate Spread – Peanut and Milk Chocolate Spread – Peanut with Caramel Spread – Dried Figs – Chopped Dates – Peanuts

RASFF-Logo

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 10; Tot. = 58.9 µg/kg – ppb) in unshelled roasted pistachios from Turkey in Germany

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 75.5; Tot. = 78.3 µg/kg – ppb) in chilly powder from India in Greece

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 7.4; Tot. = 8.0 µg/kg – ppb) in peanut spread with white chocolate from Ukraine in Slovakia

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 9.8; Tot. = 11.3 µg/kg – ppb) in peanut spread with milk chocolate from Ukraine in Slovakia

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 7.2; Tot. = 36 µg/kg – ppb) in dried figs from Turkey in the Netherlands

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 19.1; Tot. = 22.2) in peanut spread with caramel from Ukraine in Slovakia

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 5.8; Tot. = 5.8 µg/kg – ppb) in chopped dates from Pakistan, via Germany in the Netherlands

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 10.1 µg/kg – ppb) in shelled pistachios from the United States in Italy

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 28.09; Tot. = 30.95 µg/kg – ppb) in pistachios from Kyrgyzstan, via Turkey in Italy

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 4.07; Tot. = 4.6 mg/kg – ppm) in peanuts with shell from Egypt in Italy

RASFF Alerts – Aflatoxin – Shelled Almonds – Fruit Based Infant Purees – Groundnuts – Shelled Hazlenuts

RASFF-Logo

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 10.44; Tot. = 11.42 mg/kg – ppm) in shelled almonds from the United States in Italy

RASFF – aflatoxins in fruit-based infant purees from Germany in Austria

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 154.5; Tot. = 184.1 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnuts from Egypt in Germany

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 7.2; Tot. = 8.4 µg/kg – ppb) in shelled hazelnuts from Georgia in Spain

RASFF Alerts – Aflatoxin – Organic Pistachios – Groundnuts – Groundnut Kernels – Watermelon Seeds – Brown Rice

RASFF-Logo

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 948; Tot. = 1253 µg/kg – ppb) in organic pistachios from Italy in Switzerland

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 27; Tot. = 30 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnuts kernels from India in the Netherlands

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 49.06; Tot. = 56.68 µg/kg – ppb) in pistachios from Iran, via Turkey in Italy

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 2.7 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnuts from the United States in the Netherlands

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 10; Tot. = 10 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnuts in shell from China in the Netherlands

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 6.3; Tot. = 6.9 µg/kg – ppb) in blanched groundnuts from the United States in the Netherlands

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 21; Tot. = 80 µg/kg – ppb) in organic blanched groundnuts from China in the Netherlands

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 7.4 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnuts from the United States in the Netherlands

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 8.3; Tot. = 9.6 µg/kg – ppb) in blanched groundnuts from the United States in the Netherlands

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 3.1 µg/kg – ppb) in blanched groundnuts from the United States in the Netherlands

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 32; Tot. = 62 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnut kernels from Argentina in the Netherlands

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 27; Tot. = 33 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnuts from the United States in the Netherlands

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 36; Tot. = 69) in groundnut kernels from Argentina in the Netherlands

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 24.7; Tot. = 30.4 / B1 = 25.2; Tot. = 29.8 / B1 = 29.8; Tot. = 31.1 µg/kg – ppb) in blanched groundnuts from China in Lithuania

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 6.6; Tot. = 7.3 µg/kg – ppb) in watermelon seeds from Turkey in Germany

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 7.1 µg/kg – ppb) in organic brown rice from unknown origin, via Germany in Austria

RASFF Alerts – Aflatoxin – Groundnuts – Watermelon Seeds – Peeled Almonds

RASFF-Logo

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 6.9 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnuts from Egypt in the Netherlands

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 5.8; Tot. = 6.3 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnuts from Nicaragua in Belgium

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 11.6; Tot. = 12.9 µg/kg – ppb) in watermelon seeds from Turkey in Germany

RASFF – aflatoxins (Tot. = 41.63 µg/kg – ppb) in peeled almonds from the United States in Italy