Category Archives: Aflatoxin

Research – From Aflatoxin to Zearalenone: Mycotoxins You Should Know – Deoxynivalenol (DON)

Agfax

Mycotoxins are substances produced by fungi that infect grain crops like maize and small grains and cause ear and kernel rots. Exposure to mycotoxins can lead to chronic or acute toxicity in humans and animals. In addition, mycotoxins can lead to market losses, discounts, rejection of grain lots at elevators, and a reduction in livestock efficiency and productivity.

The most economically important mycotoxins include aflatoxins (AF), deoxynivalenol (DON, also known as vomitoxin), fumonisins (FUM), zearalenone (ZEA), ochratoxin A (OTA), T2, HT-2, ergot alkaloids, and patulin (PAT). The fungal species that produce mycotoxins have worldwide distribution; therefore, mycotoxin contamination occurs everywhere grain crops are grown. Accordingly, mycotoxins have been detected in feed, silage, food, and beverages derived from cereal grains and animal products exposed to contaminated feed.

RAFF Alerts – Aflatoxin – Groundnuts – Pistachios Grains – Dried Figs from Turkey – Peanuts – Sweet Almonds – Halva with Pistachios – Almond Powder – Hazelnuts

RASFF

Aflatoxin in Argentine groundnuts in the Netherlands

RASFF

presence of aflatoxin B1 and total aflatoxins in pistachio grains from Italy in Germany

RASFF

Presence of aflatoxins above legal limits in hazelnuts from Georgia in Germany and Italy

RASFF

Aflatoxins in dried figs from Turkey in Germany

RASFF

Aflatoxins in dried figs from Turkey in Sweden

RASFF

Aflatoxins in dried figs from Turkey in Sweden

RASFF

aflatoxin in dried figs from Turkey in Italy

RASFF

Aflatoxins in halva with pistachios from Turkey in Denmark, France and Germany

RASFF

Aflatoxins in peanuts from Turkey in Portugal

RASFF

Presence of aflatoxin (B1 and sum) higher than the legal limits in sweet almonds from the United States in Italy

RASFF

Aflatoxins in halva with pistachios from Turkey in Denmark, France and Germany

RASFF

aflatoxin in dried figs from Turkey in Italy

RASFF

aflatoxins in almond powder from Italy with raw material from Spain

RASFF

Presence of aflatoxins above legal limits in hazelnuts from Georgia in Germany and Italy

 

Israel – Notice to consumers about the withdrawal from the shelves of the product “Hot Paprika” – Aflatoxin

GovIL

SM Castel Food Industries Ltd. informs the consumer public that due to an inspection by the food service at the Ministry of Health, higher than permitted levels of aflatoxins (mold toxins) were found in the product “Hot Paprika”

RASFF Alerts – Aflatoxin – Pistachios – Groundnuts – Hazelnuts

RASFF

Aflatoxins in pistachios from USA via Turkey in Belgium and Romania

RASFF

Aflatoxin in USA groundnuts in the Netherlands

RASFF

Aflatoxins in hazelnuts from Azerbaijan in Germany and Italy

RASFF

Exceeding the maximum level of aflatoxin B1 and the sum of aflatoxins B1+B2+G1+G2 and the high level of ochratoxin A in pistachios from Iran via Spain in Poland

RASFF

Aflatoxin in Groundnuts from Argentina in the Netherlands

Kenya – Kebs seizes 3,000 bags of rice contaminated with aflatoxin

The Star

The Kenya Bureau of Standards has seized 3000 bags of rice in Mombasa which it says is contaminated with aflatoxin.

Kebs said on Monday that the consignment was packaged in 25 kg bags.

“We seized the rice in Shimanzi and found it to be contaminated with a high aflatoxin content,” they said.

The rice, they said, was imported into the country.

Aflatoxin, according to the Center for Disease Control, is a fungal toxin that commonly contaminates maize and other types of crops including legumes such as peanuts.

“The contamination happens during production, harvest, storage or processing,” the centre says.

Exposure to aflatoxin is known to cause both chronic and acute hepatocellular injury.

“In Kenya, acute aflatoxin poisoning results in liver failure and death in up to 40 per cent of cases,” they say.

RASFF Alerts – Aflatoxin- Dried Figs – Pistachios – Basmati Rice

RASFF

Level of aflatoxins exceeding limits in dried figs from Turkey in France

RASFF

Aflatoxins in pistachios from USA via Turkey in Italy

RASFF

Aflatoxin in Basmati rice from the Netherlands in the UK and Germany

Research – The underestimated risk of mycotoxins in dairy cows

All About Feed

It is a myth that rumen microbial activity allows dairy cows to handle mycotoxin toxicity completely. A closer look at rumen degradation capability shows that this is not the case. Therefore, a mitigation strategy should be holistic, practical and beyond binding.

Risk, impact, and diagnostics

A complex and diverse Total Mixed Ration (TMR) poses multiple mycotoxin toxicity challenges. Although rumen microbes can reduce the toxicity of some mycotoxins, not all mycotoxins are equally degraded in the rumen. In high-yielding dairy cows high-starch diets can compromise the detoxification capacity of rumen microbes. For some mycotoxins, such as zearalenone (ZEN), rumen degradation may increase the toxicity. Furthermore, extended periods of exposure to low levels of multiple mycotoxins may lead to chronic toxicity, an increasing issue that is notoriously difficult to diagnose at an early stage.

Mycotoxins can threaten dairy cows’ health, rumen function, feed intake, milk yield, milk quality, lameness, and reproductive abilities. Many “mouldy silage syndrome” cases in the field have shown incidences of increased somatic cell counts, undigested faecal feed particles, laminitis, mastitis and ruminitis cases. Cases of reproductive challenges and vaccination failures have been reported with multiple mycotoxins in TMR.

Read more at the link above

Germany – Taste of Asia – Basmati Rice 1kg – Aflatoxin B1

LMW

Alert type: Food
Date of first publication: 11/15/2022
Product name:

Taste of Asia – Basmati Rice 1kg

Product images:

5417_Marktaushang_Taste_of_Asia_-_Basmati_Reis_1kg(17).jpg

Market notice PENNY Markt GmbH

Manufacturer (distributor):

Van Sillevoldt Rijst BV Distribution via branches of PENNY Markt GmbH

Reason for warning:

The article may contain an increased level of aflatoxin B1.

Packaging Unit: 1 kg
Durability: 01/11/2023 – 01/14/2023
Further information:

Reference is made to the attached customer information from the food company.

Click to access 5417_Marktaushang_Taste_of_Asia_-_Basmati_Reis_1kg(17).pdf

Austria – Alesto Pistachios Roasted, 70g and Alesto Pistachios Roasted & Salted, 70g – Ochratoxin A

AGES

AGES informs about a recall of the company Lidl Austria GmbH. The company recalled the products Alesto Pistachios Roasted, 70g and Alesto Pistachios Roasted & Salted, 70g on November 11th, 2022:
 © Lidl Austria GmbH
recall reason
Elevated ochratoxin A levels
Marketed by
Lidl Austria GmbH
Manufacturer
Carl Wilhelm Clasen GmbH
Expiry Date
03/25/2023
Batch number
30031/220622001, 30030/22062300

The manufacturer Carl Wilhelm Clasen GmbH is currently calling the products “Alesto Pistachios roasted, 70g” with the best before date March 25th, 2023 and lot number 30031/220622001 as well as “Alesto Pistachios roasted & salted, 70g” with the best before date March 23rd, 2023 and lot number 30030 /220623001 public back .
Only the federal states of Upper Austria, Salzburg, Tyrol and Vorarlberg are affected.

Elevated levels of ochratoxin A were detected in the products. Ochratoxin A is a mold toxin (mycotoxin) that can damage the kidneys if ingested over a long period of time. Customers should therefore pay attention to the recall and not consume the products under any circumstances.

For reasons of consistent consumer protection, Lidl Austria reacted immediately and removed the affected products from sale. The products can be returned in all Lidl branches. The purchase price will of course be refunded, even without presenting the receipt. Other products sold by Lidl Austria from the manufacturer Carl Wilhelm Clasen GmbH are not affected by the recall. The manufacturer Carl Wilhelm Clasen GmbH apologizes to all those affected for the inconvenience caused. This warning does not state that the hazard was caused by Lidl Austria.

If you have any questions, the Lidl Austria customer service is available on the toll-free number 0800/500 810 from Monday to Friday from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. and on Saturday from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m.

original recall

France – Basmati rice – Aflatoxins

Gov france

Identification information of the recalled product

  • Product category Feed
  • Product subcategory Cereals and baked goods
  • Product brand name Golden Sun
  • Model names or references Basmati rice 1kg
  • Identification of products
    GTIN Date
    20073763 Date of minimum durability 11/01/2023
    20073763 Date of minimum durability 12/01/2023
    20073763 Date of minimum durability 01/13/2023
  • Packaging1kg bag
  • Marketing start/end date From 22/01/2021 to 04/11/2022
  • Storage temperature Product to be stored at room temperature
  • Geographic area of ​​sale Some Lidl supermarkets. See attached list.
  • Distributors Some Lidl supermarkets. See attached list.
  • List of points of salelist_SPM_rice.pdf

Practical information regarding the recall

  • Reason for recall Investigations carried out due to the detection of aflatoxins on certain batches in Europe, led to the withdrawal and recall of this product as a precaution.
  • Risks incurred by the consumer Aflatoxins