Category Archives: Aflatoxin

RASFF Alerts- Aflatoxin -Brazil Nuts – Dice Dried Figs – Groundnut Paste -Groundnuts

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RASFF-aflatoxins (B1 = 56.3; Tot. = 72.4 µg/kg – ppb) in Brazil nuts from Brazil in the UK

RASFF-aflatoxins (B1 = 14.1; Tot. = 19.1 µg/kg – ppb) in diced dried figs from Turkey in France

RASFF-aflatoxins (B1 = 250; Tot. = 371 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnut paste from Mali in France

RASFF-aflatoxins (B1 = 218; Tot. = 322 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnut paste from Mali in France

RASFF-aflatoxins (B1 = 25; Tot. = 29 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnuts from India in the Netherlands

 

RASFF Alert – Animal Feed – Aflatoxin – Groundnuts

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RASFF-aflatoxins (B1 = 53.3 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnuts from Tanzania in the UK

RASFF Alerts – Aflatoxin – Pistachios – Groundnuts – Almond Kernels – Red Rice – Red Rice Flakes – Shelled Peanuts

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RASFF-aflatoxins (B1 = 116; Tot. = 119 µg/kg – ppb) in pistachios in shell from Syria, via Turkey in Portugal

RASFF-aflatoxins (B1 = 16.3; Tot. = 19.7 / B1 = 22.1; Tot. = 25.4 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnuts in shell from Egypt in Germany

RASFF-aflatoxins (B1 = 24; Tot. = 24 µg/kg – ppb) in almond kernels from Australia in Spain

RASFF-aflatoxins (B1 = 12.5; Tot. = 39.4 µg/kg – ppb) in red rice from Sri Lanka in Switzerland

RASFF-aflatoxins (B1 = 32.2 µg/kg – ppb) in red rice flakes from Sri Lanka in Switzerland

RASFF-aflatoxins (B1 = 55.4; Tot. = 65.6 µg/kg – ppb) in shelled peanuts from Brazil in Italy

RASFF Alerts – Backdated 22/9/18 – 05/10/18 – Aflatoxin – Groundnuts – Groundnut Kernels – Pistachios – Almond Kernels -Salted and Roasted Watermelon Seeds – Popcorn in Grain – Basmati Rice – Hazelnuts – Peanut Paste – Pistachio Cream – Hazlenut Meal

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RASFF-aflatoxins (B1 = 8.7; Tot. = 8.7 / B1 = 96; Tot. = 110 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnuts from Brazil in the Netherlands

RASFF-aflatoxins (B1 = 10; Tot. = 16 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnut kernels from Argentina in the Netherlands

RASFF-aflatoxins (B1 = 12; Tot. = 22 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnut kernels from Argentina in the Netherlands

RASFF-aflatoxins (B1 = 28; Tot. = 31.2 µg/kg – ppb) in pistachios in shell from the United States in Germany

RASFF-aflatoxins (B1 = 18.7 µg/kg – ppb) in almond kernels from the United States in Spain

RASFF-aflatoxins (B1 = 5.7; Tot. = 6.4 µg/kg – ppb) in salted and roasted watermelon seeds from Turkey in Germany

RASFF-aflatoxins (B1 = 17.3; Tot. = 40.7 µg/kg – ppb) and ochratoxin A (8.7 µg/kg – ppb) in popcorn in grain from France in Germany

RASFF-aflatoxins (B1 = 7.5; Tot. = 7.5 µg/kg – ppb) in basmati rice from Pakistan in Belgium

RASFF-aflatoxins (B1 = 10; Tot. = 11 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnuts from Brazil in the Netherlands

RASFF-aflatoxins (B1 = 6.9 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnuts from Argentina in the Netherlands

RASFF-aflatoxins (B1 = 21; Tot. = 33 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnuts from Argentina in the Netherlands

RASFF-aflatoxins (B1 = 5.0; Tot. = 6.2 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnuts from Argentina in the Netherlands

RASFF-aflatoxins (B1 = 28; Tot. = 31 µg/kg – ppb) in hazelnuts from Turkey in the Netherlands

RASFF-aflatoxins (B1 = 85; Tot. = 98 µg/kg – ppb) in pistachios in shell from the United States in the Netherlands

RASFF-aflatoxins (B1 = 38; Tot. = 46 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnuts from Argentina in the Netherlands

RASFF-aflatoxins (B1 = 8; Tot. = 20.1 / B1 = 11.5; Tot. = 18 µg/kg – ppb) in hazelnuts from Turkey in the UK

RASFF-aflatoxins (B1 = 11; Tot. = 13 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnuts from the United States in the Netherlands

RASFF-aflatoxins (B1 = 4.2; Tot. = 6.4 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnuts from Argentina in the Netherlands

RASFF-aflatoxins (B1 = 8.5 µg/kg – ppb) in roasted watermelon seeds (egusi) from Turkey in Germany

RASFF-aflatoxins (B1 = 18.1; Tot. > 24 µg/kg – ppb) in almond kernels from the United States in Spain

RASFF-aflatoxins (B1 = 6; Tot. = 24.4 µg/kg – ppb) in shelled almonds from the United States in Spain

RASFF-aflatoxins (B1 = 203; Tot. = 297 µg/kg – ppb) in peanut paste from Mali in France

RASFF-aflatoxins (B1 = 17.5; Tot. = 18.6 µg/kg – ppb) in almonds from the United States in Spain

RASFF-aflatoxins (B1 = 36; Tot. = 39 µg/kg – ppb) in pistachio cream from Switzerland, with raw material from Germany in Switzerland

RASFF-aflatoxins (B1 = 9.9; Tot. = 11 µg/kg – ppb) in hazelnut kernels from Georgia in Bulgaria

RASFF-aflatoxins (Tot. = 16.9 µg/kg – ppb) in hazelnut meal from Turkey in France

RASFF-aflatoxins (B1 = 9.3 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnuts in shell from China in the UK

RASFF Alerts – Backdated 22/9/18 – 05/10/18 – Animal Feed – Aflatoxin – Groundnut Kernels

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RASFF-aflatoxins (B1 = 75.2 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnut kernels from India in the UK

Research – Aflatoxins in cereals: State of the art

Wiley Online

Abstract

Recently, the contamination of food products, particularity cereals with aflatoxins (AF) as secondary metabolites generated by some of fungal genera species raised serious concerns. AF as the highly toxic compounds could pass through metabolic processes in unaltered forms and consequently accumulate in the tissues of humans and animals. The consumption of AF contaminated cereal, cereal‐based products as both food and feed is considered as a serious issue, which should be controlled through conducting prevention strategies and legislation. However, in some cases, the detoxification or elimination process also can be approached. The current article took an overview regarding physicochemical properties of AF, as well as their absorption, digestion, metabolism, and excretion in cereals. Also, the chronic and acute aflatoxicosis along prevention strategies and control mechanisms were discussed.

Practical applications

Cereal and cereal‐based products can be considered as one of the most important sources of food as well as energy in many countries. Despite this, cereals and cereal‐based foods may present contamination by several mycotoxins, as one of the challenging issues in cereal‐based products. The adverse effects of contamination by mycotoxins on food safety and food quality are reserved huge concerns. The knowledge regarding the physicochemical properties of aflatoxins as well as their control can aid the food industry to keep the quality of food products in an acceptable level.

Research – Mycotoxins – Mycotoxins Will Pose Greater Threat to Feed Safety, Hindering Industry Productivity and Sustainability

Biomin

Mycotoxins that contaminate crops and animal feed have been recognized as a risk to farm animals, and account for considerable economic costs to the feed and food industries. Their widespread occurrence and related threat has been documented consistently in the BIOMIN Mycotoxin Survey.

Dangers to feed safety, sustainability

“Mycotoxins are among the most important safety risks for the future livestock feed industry and security of the feed supply chain,” stated Dr Gunther Antonissen of Ghent University in Belgium.

Fungi-produced mycotoxins endanger more than feed safety and security. They also hamper productivity, adding additional cost to the feed and food industry while also affecting the environment.

“Due to their negative effects on farm animal productivity and health, mycotoxins prevent the animal protein industry from achieving an efficient and sustainable use of natural resources,” observed Dr. Wulf-Dieter Moll of the BIOMIN Research Center.

Harmful mycotoxins do not have to contaminate feed in high concentrations to make their negative effects felt in farm animals. “At present, clinical mycotoxicosis caused by high doses is rare,” explained Dr Antonissen.

“However, also the ingestion of low to moderate levels of these toxins cause an array of metabolic, physiologic and immunologic disturbances, with the gastrointestinal tract as one of the major target organs,” he added.