Category Archives: Aflatoxin B1

Research – From Aflatoxin to Zearalenone: Mycotoxins You Should Know – Deoxynivalenol (DON)

Agfax

Mycotoxins are substances produced by fungi that infect grain crops like maize and small grains and cause ear and kernel rots. Exposure to mycotoxins can lead to chronic or acute toxicity in humans and animals. In addition, mycotoxins can lead to market losses, discounts, rejection of grain lots at elevators, and a reduction in livestock efficiency and productivity.

The most economically important mycotoxins include aflatoxins (AF), deoxynivalenol (DON, also known as vomitoxin), fumonisins (FUM), zearalenone (ZEA), ochratoxin A (OTA), T2, HT-2, ergot alkaloids, and patulin (PAT). The fungal species that produce mycotoxins have worldwide distribution; therefore, mycotoxin contamination occurs everywhere grain crops are grown. Accordingly, mycotoxins have been detected in feed, silage, food, and beverages derived from cereal grains and animal products exposed to contaminated feed.

RAFF Alerts – Aflatoxin – Groundnuts – Pistachios Grains – Dried Figs from Turkey – Peanuts – Sweet Almonds – Halva with Pistachios – Almond Powder – Hazelnuts

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Aflatoxin in Argentine groundnuts in the Netherlands

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presence of aflatoxin B1 and total aflatoxins in pistachio grains from Italy in Germany

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Presence of aflatoxins above legal limits in hazelnuts from Georgia in Germany and Italy

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Aflatoxins in dried figs from Turkey in Germany

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Aflatoxins in dried figs from Turkey in Sweden

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Aflatoxins in dried figs from Turkey in Sweden

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aflatoxin in dried figs from Turkey in Italy

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Aflatoxins in halva with pistachios from Turkey in Denmark, France and Germany

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Aflatoxins in peanuts from Turkey in Portugal

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Presence of aflatoxin (B1 and sum) higher than the legal limits in sweet almonds from the United States in Italy

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Aflatoxins in halva with pistachios from Turkey in Denmark, France and Germany

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aflatoxin in dried figs from Turkey in Italy

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aflatoxins in almond powder from Italy with raw material from Spain

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Presence of aflatoxins above legal limits in hazelnuts from Georgia in Germany and Italy

 

Israel – Notice to consumers about the withdrawal from the shelves of the product “Hot Paprika” – Aflatoxin

GovIL

SM Castel Food Industries Ltd. informs the consumer public that due to an inspection by the food service at the Ministry of Health, higher than permitted levels of aflatoxins (mold toxins) were found in the product “Hot Paprika”

RASFF Alerts – Aflatoxin – Pistachios – Groundnuts – Hazelnuts

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Aflatoxins in pistachios from USA via Turkey in Belgium and Romania

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Aflatoxin in USA groundnuts in the Netherlands

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Aflatoxins in hazelnuts from Azerbaijan in Germany and Italy

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Exceeding the maximum level of aflatoxin B1 and the sum of aflatoxins B1+B2+G1+G2 and the high level of ochratoxin A in pistachios from Iran via Spain in Poland

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Aflatoxin in Groundnuts from Argentina in the Netherlands

Kenya – Kebs seizes 3,000 bags of rice contaminated with aflatoxin

The Star

The Kenya Bureau of Standards has seized 3000 bags of rice in Mombasa which it says is contaminated with aflatoxin.

Kebs said on Monday that the consignment was packaged in 25 kg bags.

“We seized the rice in Shimanzi and found it to be contaminated with a high aflatoxin content,” they said.

The rice, they said, was imported into the country.

Aflatoxin, according to the Center for Disease Control, is a fungal toxin that commonly contaminates maize and other types of crops including legumes such as peanuts.

“The contamination happens during production, harvest, storage or processing,” the centre says.

Exposure to aflatoxin is known to cause both chronic and acute hepatocellular injury.

“In Kenya, acute aflatoxin poisoning results in liver failure and death in up to 40 per cent of cases,” they say.

Research – The underestimated risk of mycotoxins in dairy cows

All About Feed

It is a myth that rumen microbial activity allows dairy cows to handle mycotoxin toxicity completely. A closer look at rumen degradation capability shows that this is not the case. Therefore, a mitigation strategy should be holistic, practical and beyond binding.

Risk, impact, and diagnostics

A complex and diverse Total Mixed Ration (TMR) poses multiple mycotoxin toxicity challenges. Although rumen microbes can reduce the toxicity of some mycotoxins, not all mycotoxins are equally degraded in the rumen. In high-yielding dairy cows high-starch diets can compromise the detoxification capacity of rumen microbes. For some mycotoxins, such as zearalenone (ZEN), rumen degradation may increase the toxicity. Furthermore, extended periods of exposure to low levels of multiple mycotoxins may lead to chronic toxicity, an increasing issue that is notoriously difficult to diagnose at an early stage.

Mycotoxins can threaten dairy cows’ health, rumen function, feed intake, milk yield, milk quality, lameness, and reproductive abilities. Many “mouldy silage syndrome” cases in the field have shown incidences of increased somatic cell counts, undigested faecal feed particles, laminitis, mastitis and ruminitis cases. Cases of reproductive challenges and vaccination failures have been reported with multiple mycotoxins in TMR.

Read more at the link above

Germany – Taste of Asia – Basmati Rice 1kg – Aflatoxin B1

LMW

Alert type: Food
Date of first publication: 11/15/2022
Product name:

Taste of Asia – Basmati Rice 1kg

Product images:

5417_Marktaushang_Taste_of_Asia_-_Basmati_Reis_1kg(17).jpg

Market notice PENNY Markt GmbH

Manufacturer (distributor):

Van Sillevoldt Rijst BV Distribution via branches of PENNY Markt GmbH

Reason for warning:

The article may contain an increased level of aflatoxin B1.

Packaging Unit: 1 kg
Durability: 01/11/2023 – 01/14/2023
Further information:

Reference is made to the attached customer information from the food company.

Click to access 5417_Marktaushang_Taste_of_Asia_-_Basmati_Reis_1kg(17).pdf

RASFF Alerts – Aflatoxin – Peanuts -Basmati Rice – Rice Flour – Dried/Chopped Organic Figs – Peanut Butter

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Aflatoxin in Basmati rice from the Netherlands in the UK and Germany

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Aflatoxin B1 in rice flour (raw material) from the Netherlands in Germany and France

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Aflatoxins in Basmati rice from the Netherlands in France, Germany, Ireland, Italy and UK

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Excessive aflatoxin content (total aflatoxin) in dried, chopped organic figs from Turkey in Germany

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Aflatoxins in U.S.A. peanuts in the Netherlands

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Aflatoxins in USA peanuts in the Netherlands

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Aflatoxins in inshell USA peanuts in the Netherlands

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Aflatoxin in Indian Peanut butter in  the Netherlands

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Aflatoxins in peanuts from Egypt in Germany

Taiwan – Tainted snack foods from Southeast Asia seized at Taiwan border – Aflatoxin B1 – B2

Focus Taiwan

Taipei, Nov. 8 (CNA) A shipment of snack foods including corn puffs and peanut candies from Southeast Asia was recently seized at the border, after being found to contain excessive levels of a carcinogenic contaminant, Taiwan’s Food and Drug Administration (FDA) said Tuesday.

The cheddar cheese-flavored corn puffs from the Philippines totaling 262.24 kilograms were confiscated after sample testing on Aug. 19 detected 13.2 micrograms (µg) per kilogram of the carcinogen aflatoxins B1 (AFB1) and B2 (AFB2).

RASFF Alert – Animal Feed – Aflatoxin – Rice Protein

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Aflatoxin B1 in rice protein from Pakistan in Spain