Category Archives: Animal Feed

UK – Salmonella in Livestock Production in GB 2020 September 2021 in Livestock Production in GB


This publication presents data on Salmonella reports from livestock species in Great Britain (England, Wales and Scotland) collected and collated by the Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) during 2020 and also provides data from previous years for comparative purposes. The data in the first eleven chapters cover reports of Salmonella in livestock, with separate chapters for the main species, reports of Salmonella in wildlife and reports of Salmonella in animal feeding stuffs. The twelfth chapter covers antimicrobial resistance data for Salmonella(England and Wales only).Since 1993, the date of a Salmonella incident has been recorded as the date it was reported to an Officer of the Minister. Under the present system, any Salmonella reports that are confirmed or identified after the publication of the annual report will be incorporated into the revised tables that appear in the following year’s publication. This may result in the number of incidents and/ or isolations differing from that previously given for a particular year. The most recent version of the report should therefore always be used when comparing data from year to year. Revisions in the way that data have been compiled and presented since 1993 mean that, with the exception of the tables on Salmonella in animal feeding stuffs, data in this report cannot be compared directly with information published prior to 1993. A more detailed comparison can be generated, if required, for any Salmonella serovar, or phage type in the case of S. Enteritidis and S. Typhimurium. Requests for such data should be made to the Department of Epidemiological Sciences, APHA Weybridge who will be happy to assist with requests ( Care should be taken when comparing data from one year to another as an increase or decrease in the number of isolations and incidents does not necessarily indicate a similar change in prevalence. This is because the total number of samples examined and their distribution are often not known.

RASFF Alerts – Animal Feed -Salmonella – Fish Meal- Soya Bean Meal – Rapeseed Meal


Salmonella spp. in fish meal from USA in Denmark


Salmonella in salmon-feed from the UK in Denmark and Norway


Salmonella spp. in fishmeal from USA in Denmark


Salmonella Mbandaka in soybean meal, used in feed for poultry from Belgium in France and the Netherlands


Salmonella in soybean meal from Brazil in Poland


Salmonella spp. in rapeseed meal from Germany in Austria, France, Germany and Switzerland

UK – Advice to reptile owners amid Salmonella outbreak linked to feeder rodents


The FSA is urging reptile owners who purchase certain feeder rodents for their pets to take extra precautions to avoid becoming ill with salmonellosis.

Scientists have again confirmed a link between Salmonella detected in feeder mice distributed by Monkfield Nutrition Ltd across all four UK nations, and an outbreak of human cases of Salmonella. The risk to the general public is considered to be very low but we are urging reptile owners who purchase certain feeder rodents for their pets to take extra precautions to avoid becoming ill with salmonellosis.

The feeder rodents affected, which were imported from Lithuania and are sold in a number of retailers, are typically fed to reptiles – particularly snakes.

Retailers must now by law provide customers buying the feeder rodents from Monkfield Nutrition Ltd with an information leaflet about the risks of Salmonella infection and advice on always washing their hands as a good hygiene practise for handling animal food in the home.

The FSA, which leads on the safety and regulation of animal feed, is working closely with public health and animal health agencies, as well as a range of other partners both inside and outside government. The Agency is also liaising with local authorities and with Monkfield Nutrition Ltd, who have contacted all of its customers to inform them of the additional requirements in the short term.

The outbreak was first investigated in 2015 and has so far resulted in almost 850 reported human cases, mostly but not exclusively, living in households with one or more pet reptiles.

Salmonella are bacteria found in the gut of many animals, especially reptiles. The bacteria can spread from carrier animals to cause illness in people. Though Salmonella infection in people usually causes short-term illness, with diarrhoea, fever, vomiting, and abdominal pain, more severe illness can occur.

It can have serious consequences, particularly for babies, small children, elderly people, and those with compromised immune systems, leading to hospitalisation in some cases.

Tina Potter, Head of Incidents at the FSA, said:

“We are advising pet handlers that they should follow good hygiene when handling feeder rodents and pet reptiles to avoid the risk of becoming ill with salmonella.

“Retailers must provide a leaflet explaining the risks associated with handling and feeding this type of material to reptiles and the importance of good hygiene with each sale of feeder rodents.

“This is aimed at ensuring pet handlers clearly understand the potential risks and have access to information to reduce the risks.”

“We will continue to monitor this situation carefully, and act proportionately to ensure both public and animal health.”

Dr Lesley Larkin, Surveillance Lead, Gastrointestinal Pathogens Unit at Public Health England, said:

“Epidemiological investigations and whole genome sequencing have again confirmed the link between a Salmonella outbreak in people who have become unwell and feeder rodents used to feed reptiles and some other animals distributed in the UK by this specific importer.

“Just as for handling raw human food, there is an inherent risk of Salmonella when handling raw or frozen and defrosted pet food such as mice, rats or chicks, as freezing does not kill Salmonella. In addition, most reptiles carry Salmonella in their intestines for months or even years after exposure to contaminated food, and this can spread to their owners and other household members. Always wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water immediately after handling the frozen food and feeding your reptile, after handling your reptile, cleaning their vivarium or any other equipment such as soaking pools. Children should be supervised to ensure they wash their hands properly.”

For more information about Salmonella, visit the FSA webpage.

For more information about symptoms of food poisoning, please visit (Opens in a new window). Anyone who is concerned about symptoms should contact their GP or out of hours service in the first instance.

For further information on reducing the risks of Salmonella infection from reptiles, see the Public Health England guidance (Opens in a new window), developed in partnership with FSA, Defra and the APHA.

Research – High Occurrence of Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli in Raw Meat-Based Diets for Companion Animals—A Public Health Issue


Feeding pets raw meat-based diets (RMBDs) is becoming increasingly popular but comes with a risk of pathogenic bacteria, including Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC). In humans, STEC may cause gastrointestinal illnesses, including diarrhea, hemorrhagic colitis (HC), and the hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). The aim of this study was to evaluate commercially available RMBDs with regard to the occurrence of STEC. Of 59 RMBD samples, 59% tested positive by real-time PCR for the presence of Shiga toxin genes stx1 and/or stx2. STECs were recovered from 41% of the 59 samples, and strains were subjected to serotyping and virulence gene profiling, using whole genome sequencing (WGS)-based methods. Of 28 strains, 29% carried stx2a or stx2d, which are linked to STEC with high pathogenic potential. Twenty different serotypes were identified, including STEC O26:H11, O91:H10, O91:H14, O145:H28, O146:H21, and O146:H28, which are within the most common non-O157 serogroups associated with human STEC-related illnesses worldwide. Considering the low infectious dose and potential severity of disease manifestations, the high occurrence of STEC in RMBDs poses an important health risk for persons handling raw pet food and persons with close contact to pets fed on RMBDs, and is of concern in the field of public health.

USA – Recalled: Nom Nom Chicken Cuisine Cat Food – Listeria monocytogenes


Maker: NomNomNow Inc.
Cause: Potential for listeria
Announcement: Company letter to customers, dated July 8, 2021
What was recalled: Chicken Cuisine cat food—only with the following lot numbers: 18700, 18714, 18728, 18742, 18756 and 18770 (the lot number has the initials “CC” before it)

Nom Nom has announced its first-ever cat food recall, and it comes after one of its suppliers, Tyson Foods Inc., recalled millions of pounds of chicken because of possible listeria contamination.

The affected Nom Nom cat food, called Chicken Cuisine, was produced between March 8 and May 17 of this year. All customers have been notified, and only the lot numbers listed above are part of the recall. No other Nom Nom product is affected.

USA – Top Quality Dog Food Recalls Batch Of “Beef HVM” 1-Pound Packages with Lot Number 071521, Because of Possible Salmonella, Listeria Monocytogenes Health Risk


Top Quality Dog, Beef HVM, 1 lb.


Company Announcement Date:
FDA Publish Date:
Product Type:
Animal & Veterinary
Reason for Announcement:
Potential Salmonella & Listeria monocytogenes contamination
Company Name:
Top Quality Dog Food
Brand Name:
Top Quality Dog
Product Description:
Beef HVM

Company Announcement

Top Quality Dog Food of Hyattsville, MD is recalling “Beef HVM” 1-pound packages due to the potential of Salmonella spp.Listeria monocytogenes.   Salmonella, Listeria, can affect animals eating the product and there is risk to humans handling contaminated products, especially if they have not thoroughly washed their hands after having contact with the products or any surfaces exposed to these products.

Healthy people infected with Salmonella should monitor themselves for the following symptoms: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or bloody diarrhea, abdominal cramping, and fever. Rarely, Salmonella can result in more serious ailments, including arterial infections, endocarditis, arthritis, muscle pain, eye irritation, and urinary tract symptoms. Pets with Salmonella infections may be lethargic and have diarrhea or bloody diarrhea, fever, and vomiting. Some pets will have only decreased appetite, fever, and abdominal pain. Infected but otherwise healthy pets can be carriers and infect other animals or humans. If your pet has consumed the recalled product and has these symptoms, please contact your veterinarian.

Listeria monocytogenes can cause serious and sometimes fatal infections in young children, vulnerable or elderly people, and others with compromised immune systems. Healthy people may suffer short-term symptoms such as fever, headaches, stiffness, abdominal pain, and diarrhea. Listeria monocytogenes infections pose a serious threat to pregnant woman, as it can lead to miscarriages and stillbirths. Listeria monocytogenes infections are uncommon in pets, but they are possible. Symptoms may include mild to severe diarrhea; anorexia; fever; nervous, muscular, and respiratory signs; abortion; depression; shock; and death. Healthy people should monitor themselves and their pets for symptoms.

The recalled “Beef HVM” was distributed in DC, MD, VA, DE, PA, MA, CT, and SC and product was distributed through mail order and direct delivery from 7/27/21 to 8/2/21. The “Beef HVM” comes in a 1-pound package marked with lot #071521 on the bottom right corner of the label.

No illnesses have been reported to date in connection with the “Beef HVM” 1-pound packages in question.

The contamination was noted after a state surveillance sample revealed the presence of SalmonellaListeria monocytogenes, in some 1-pound. packages of Beef HVM. The remaining “Beef HVM” batch in our possession has been quarantined and we have discontinued the distribution of this batch while FDA and our company continue their investigation as to the source of the contamination.

We have already contacted those who have received this lot number based on our records. We encourage all customers who received this product to dispose of any unused product immediately.

If you find the “Beef HVM” 1-pound package that shows the lot number: 071521 in your possession, we urge you to return it to the place of purchase for a full refund.

Top Quality Dog Food LLC


Business Hours: We are open Monday through Friday, 8:00 AM to 4:30 PM EST.

Company Contact Information

Top Quality Dog Food LLC
Top Quality Dog Food
 (240) 582-3266

RASFF Alerts – Salmonella – Animal Feed – Rapeseed Feed – Feed – Feed Material


Salmonella Tennessee in rapeseed meal from Germany in Finland


Salmonella Yoruba in feed from Russia in Finland


Salmonella in feed material from Germany in Finland


Salmonella spp. in rapeseed meal from Germany in Germany and Austria

RASFF Alerts – Animal Feed – Mould – Fat Feed – Sunflower Feed


Mould in fat feed from Ukraine in Poland


Mould on post-extraction sunflower feed from Ukraine in Poland

UK – Further update from the Food Standards Agency and Food Standards Scotland following the rise in cases of feline pancytopenia – Mycotoxins


An update on the investigation into the recalled cat food following a rise in cases of feline pancytopenia and responses to common consumer queries.

The Food Standards Agency has been working closely with Fold Hill Foods over the course of the investigation into the recalled cat food. The company has co-operated fully.

The results of extensive testing identified higher levels of mycotoxins in some samples of the recalled cat food. This includes specific compounds known as T2 and HT2. These products are no longer on sale.

Mycotoxins are found in some types of feed and food and do not, in themselves, indicate they are the cause of feline pancytopenia. No causative link between pancytopenia and the recalled cat food products has been established.

As a result of these findings, Fold Hill Foods is working with its local authority to take steps to resume production.

Next steps in the investigation

A multi-agency approach will continue to try and identify the causes of the pancytopenia. As new information emerges, we will review our approach on managing any identified risks in animal feed and inform industry so that they can take any action required as a result of our findings.

Details of the original product recall notice were published on 17 June.

Frequently asked questions

We understand how upsetting the past two months have been for cat owners and know how important it is that the cause of the recent feline pancytopenia cases is established.

Our tests and analysis to date have not found a causative link to the pancytopenia cases, but our investigation is ongoing and we will provide an update once we have more information.

Was the pancytopenia outbreak not caused by cat food?

To date testing has not been able to definitively determine a cause, we have not ruled out cat food or any other possible causes either.

Is it safe for anyone who still has the recalled cat food to feed it to their cats?

Cat owners should not feed any recalled cat food to their cats and should continue to follow the advice in our recall notice.

What other possible causes are being investigated?

We continue to work with the Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) and the Department for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) to identify the possible cause of the pancytopenia. At this stage we are not ruling out any possible cause.

Why is the company being allowed to restart production if it is not known for sure that its cat food is safe?

A causative link between the feline pancytopenia and the recalled cat food has not been established

A causative link between the feline pancytopenia and the company’s other cat food products has not been established, either.

Some social media posts have shown the results of mycotoxin tests, suggesting food is unsafe for cats. Why has action not been taken?

We are aware of some social media posts, in which test results have been misinterpreted as showing a danger to cats.

The mere presence of mycotoxins in cat food does not necessarily pose a risk to cats. Mycotoxins are naturally occurring substances produced by certain types of moulds (fungi) which can grow on a variety of different crops and feedstuffs.

If mycotoxins are widely found in animal feed, should people be concerned about other brands of cat food?

No. There is no evidence linking any other products to feline pancytopenia.

RASFF Alert – Animal Feed – Enterobacteriaceae – Dog Food


Enterobacteriaceae in pet (dog) food from Canada in Spain