Category Archives: Pet Food

RASFF Alert – Animal Feed- Enterobacteriaceae – Pet Food

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RASFF – too high count of Enterobacteriaceae (between 70 and 645 CFU/g) in pet food from China in Sweden

Research – High levels of potentially harmful bacteria found in raw meat dog food products: study

Science Daily 260px-YellowLabradorLooking_new

Many raw meat dog food products contain high levels of bacteria that pose potential health risks to both animals and people, finds research published online in Vet Record.

This is a particular issue for infants, the elderly, and those with poor immunity, warn the researchers.

A raw meat-based diet has become increasingly popular for dogs in recent years, because it is seen as a ‘healthier’ and more ‘natural alternative’ to widely available commercial products.

But, unlike commercial feeds, raw meat products are not heat treated or freeze dried to pasteurise their content.

To try and gauge the levels of bacteria in these products, the researchers took samples from 60 packs of raw meat products, bought from a range of stores within a 200 km radius of their laboratory between March and September 2017.

The products, which were all intended for dogs, contained at least one of: uncooked meat; and edible bones and/or organs from cattle, chicken, lamb, turkeys, pigs, ducks, reindeer or salmon. Some of the products also included vegetables, vegetable fibre, and minerals.

All the products, made by 10 different manufacturers, originated from Sweden, Norway, Finland, Germany or England.

The samples were analysed for bacteria that could potentially pose a health risk to animals and people: Enterobacteriaceae species; Clostridium perfringens, Salmonella and Campylobacter species.

All 60 samples contained Enterobacteriaceae species, which are indicators of faecal contamination and hygiene standards.

Levels varied widely among the different manufacturers, and in some cases, among the different products from the same manufacturer.

But 31 (52%) of the samples contained levels that exceeded the maximum threshold set by European Union (EU) regulations of 5000 bacteria per gram.

Most of the species identified are not known to cause infection, apart from E coli, which was found in about a third of the samples.

C perfringens, another marker of faecal contamination and hygiene standards, was found in 18 samples (30%); two of the samples exceeded the maximum limits set by Swedish guidelines.

Salmonella and Campylobacter are zoonotic species of bacteria-capable of passing from animals to people and causing infection. EU regulations don’t permit Salmonella in any animal feed.

Salmonella species were found in 4 (7%) of the 60 samples, while Campylobacter species were found in three samples from three different manufacturers. This is a relatively low level, but possibly because Campylobacter species are very sensitive to freezing, say the researchers.

“It is most likely that Campylobacter was present in more samples before freezing, and that those samples in which Campylobacter was isolated contained very high levels of Campylobacter species before the freezing process, as some managed to survive the freezer,” they write.

The findings prompt the researchers to highlight the importance of careful storage, handling, and feeding of raw meat dog food products because of the potential health risks they pose.

They make several recommendations, designed to curb the risk of infection and antibiotic resistance. Raw meat dog food should be:

    • Kept frozen until use, and thawed at 10 degrees C

Kept separate from other food

Handled with separate kitchen equipment or with equipment that is washed thoroughly after use

Good hygiene is essential, they emphasise: bacteria in the juices from raw meat dog food can splash and spread to other foods and surfaces, and dogs can transfer potentially harmful and/or antibiotic resistant bacteria by ‘kissing’ faces immediately after eating.

Dogs shouldn’t be fed raw meat products while being treated with antibiotics as this could increase the risk of antibiotic resistance, they say.

“Dogs in families with infants, elderly people or immunocompromised individuals should also not be fed [raw meat products], as these groups are more susceptible to infections,” they warn.

British Veterinary Association Junior Vice President Daniella Dos Santos commented: “This research offers further compelling evidence to support vets’ concerns about the potential animal and public health risks associated with feeding pets a raw meat-based diet.

“Bacteria such as E coli and Salmonella can cause significant gastrointestinal disease in animals. Pets can also shed potentially harmful pathogens present in raw food into their environment, so there is a risk to owners both in handling the food and coming into contact with the animal. Pet owners who choose to feed a raw food diet should be aware of the potential health risks and take full precautions while storing and handling the food.

“BVA would also not recommend making a raw food diet at home without veterinary guidance due to the potential for nutritional deficiencies in homemade diets.

“We would advise any owner wanting to try a raw meat-based diet for their pet to first consult a veterinary surgeon.”

Story Source:

Materials provided by BMJNote: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Josefin Hellgren, Lovisa Staaf Hästö, Camilla Wikström, Lise-Lotte Fernström, Ingrid Hansson. Occurrence of Salmonella, Campylobacter, Clostridium and Enterobacteriaceae in raw meat-based diets for dogsVeterinary Record, 2019; vetrec-2018-105199 DOI: 10.1136/vr.105199

RASFF Alert – Animal Feed -Enterobacteriaceae – Pet Food

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RASFF – too high count of Enterobacteriaceae (up to 1310 CFU/g) in pet food from China in Sweden

 

USA -Thogensen Family Farm Recalls Raw Frozen Ground Pet Food (Rabbit; Duck; Llama; Pork) Because of Possible Listeria Monocytogenes Health Risk

FDA

Thogersen Family Farm of Stanwood, WA is voluntarily recalling raw frozen ground pet food because it has the potential to be contaminated with Listeria monocytogenes. The following varieties, packaged in two pound packs, are included in this recall: course ground rabbit, course ground mallard duck, ground llama, and ground pork frozen raw pet food

L. monocytogenes can affect animals eating the products and there is risk to humans from handling contaminated pet products, especially if they have not thoroughly washed their hands after having contact with the products or any surfaces exposed to these products.

USA -Listeria Warning – don’t eat Pet Food and Wash Your Hands

Food Poison Journal

Thogersen Family Farm of Stanwood, WA is voluntarily recalling raw frozen ground pet food because it has the potential to be contaminated with Listeria monocytogenes. The following varieties, packaged in two pound packs, are included in this recall: course ground rabbit, course ground mallard duck, ground llama, and ground pork frozen raw pet food

L. monocytogenes can affect animals eating the products and there is risk to humans from handling contaminated pet products, especially if they have not thoroughly washed their hands after having contact with the products or any surfaces exposed to these products.

USA – Darwin’s Natural Pet Products silent recall surpassed 11 tons of raw dog food

Food Safety News

On February 7, 2019, in a move announced only via email to its direct customers, Arrow Reliance, doing business as Darwin’s Natural Pet Products (Darwin’s), recalled 11.7 tons of raw dog food.

The recall was first divulged to the public on March 26, 2019, by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) via a news release cautioning pet owners to avoid feeding the recalled products.

According to the FDA Enforcement Report issued on April 3, 2019, the recall encompassed:

  •  Natural Selections Turkey and Vegetable Meals for Dogs, frozen, raw dog meals, packaged in 2 lbs. thermo-formed sealed plastic package, divided into 8 oz. portions. Lot #5339, manufactured on 10/26/18 (listed as 5339(11)181026 on the label)
  • Natural Selections Chicken and Vegetable Meals for Dogs, frozen, raw dog meals, packaged in 2 lbs. thermo-formed sealed plastic package, divided into 8 oz. portions. Lot # 5309, manufactured on 10/19/18 (listed as 5309(11)181019 on the label)
  • •Natural Selections Chicken and Vegetable Meals for Dogs, frozen, raw dog meals, packaged in 2 lbs. thermo-formed sealed plastic package, divided into 8 oz. portions. Lot # 5375, manufactured on 11/6/18 (listed as 5375(11)181106 on the label)

Although Darwin’s claimed to have notified all of its affected customers via email of the Salmonella contamination, Food Safety News has learned that at least one customer did not receive the initial notification.

RASFF Alerts – Animal Feed – Salmonella – Fish Meal – Dog Chews – Coral Food – Organic Soya Bean Meal

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RASFF – Salmonella enterica ser. Kentucky (present /25g), Salmonella enterica ser. Lamberhurst (present /25g), Salmonella enterica ser. Mbandaka (present /25g), Salmonella enterica ser. Molade (present /25g) and Salmonella enterica ser. Münster (present /25g) in fish meal from the United States in Greece

RASFF – Salmonella enterica ser. Typhimurium in coral food from the United Kingdom in the UK

RASFF – Salmonella enterica ser. Brandenburg (presence /25g) and Salmonella enterica ser. Idikan (presence /25g) and too high count of Enterobacteriaceae (7400 CFU/g) in dog chews from the Netherlands in Belgium

RASFF – Salmonella enterica ser. Oranienburg (presence /25g) and Salmonella enterica ser. Telelkebir (presence /25g) in fish meal from the United States in Norway

RASFF – Salmonella enterica ser. Mbandaka (presence /25g) in organic soybean meal from the Netherlands in Belgium