Category Archives: Food Toxin

Czech Republic – Milbona Gouda – full-fat cheese, grated – Mold/Mould


Illustrative photo #6

Place of inspection:
Hodonín ( Dvořákova 4054/10, 695 01 Hodonín )
ID: 26178541
Food group: Milk and milk products Cheese

Milbona Gouda – full-fat cheese, grated
Category: Dangerous foods
Invalid parameter:

fungi visible to the eye

In some of the inspected packages, visible mold was found on the food under the intact packaging.

The food did not have an expiration date. Unsuitable storage temperatures of this product were not detected during the inspection.

Batch: 13-01-23
Expiration date: 13-01-23
Packaging: plastic bag printed sealed
Quantity of the product in the package: 200 g
Producer: Vergeer Holland, PO Box 2, NL-2810 AA Reeuwijk
Date of sample collection: 23/11/2022
Reference number: 23-000053-SZPI-CZ
The sample was detected by the official control of the State Agricultural and Food Inspection.

Czech Republic – PRE-MEASURED rye flour – dark BREAD – Ergot Alkaloids


Illustrative photo #1

Place of inspection:
Předměřice nad Labem ( Průmyslova 107, 50302 Předměřice nad Labem )
ID: 49814869
Food group: Milled cereal products Flour and semolina

PRE-MEASURED rye flour – dark BREAD
Category: Dangerous foods
Invalid parameter:

sum of ergot alkaloids

The maximum permitted limit for the content of contaminating substances – ergot alkaloids was exceeded in the flour.

Ergot alkaloids are produced by the fungus Claviceps purpurea and cause poisoning (ergotism).

Batch: 061022
Best before date: 07/06/2023
Packaging: PAP bag with print
Quantity of the product in the package: kg
Producer: Mlýny J.Voženílek, spol.s ro, Průmyslova 107, Předměřice nad Labem 50302
Country of origin:  Czechia
Date of sample collection: 8/11/2022
Reference number: 23-000045-SZPI-CZ

Research – Aflatoxins in Maize from Serbia and Croatia: Implications of Climate Change



Aflatoxins (AFs) represent the most important mycotoxin group, whose presence in food and feed poses significant global health and economic issues. The occurrence of AFs in maize is a burning problem worldwide, mainly attributed to droughts. In recent years, Serbia and Croatia faced climate changes followed by a warming trend. Therefore, the main aim of this study was to estimate the influence of weather on AFs occurrence in maize from Serbia and Croatia in the 2018–2021 period. The results indicate that hot and dry weather witnessed in the year 2021 resulted in the highest prevalence of AFs in maize samples in both Serbia (84%) and Croatia (40%). In maize harvested in 2018–2020, AFs occurred in less than, or around, 10% of Serbian and 20% of Croatian samples. In order to conduct a comprehensive study on the implications of climate change for the occurrence of AFs in maize grown in these two countries, the results of available studies performed in the last thirteen years were searched for and discussed.

Belgium – Pistachios – Aflatoxin


Recall of pistachios by the farmer Bas “Boer Bas” in Bruges
Product: Pistachios.
Problem: Too high aflatoxin content.

In consultation with the FASFC, pistachios in bulk (in jars) are withdrawn from sale and recalled to consumers because of too high aflatoxin content.

The Bas farmer “Boer Bas” asks his customers not to consume this product and to bring it back to the point of sale. We will of course reimburse you for it and have it destroyed.

Product description

– Product name: Pistachio
– Information on the label and batch number: Stat No 0802520000 Poste IR – Batch N°12
– Best before dates (DDM): 08/30/2023 and 08/31/2023
– Sales period : from 05/09/2022 to 01/12/2022
– Nature of packaging: glass jar (reconditioned) with a label on the lid
– Weight: 200gr-500gr (variable according to the size of the jar)


The product was distributed by:

Farmer “Boer Bas” Sint-Pietersnoordstraat 3 8000 BRUGES

For more information please contact:

Jens Mouton, Torhoutbahn 125, 8480 Ichtegem
phone 0472 82 65 98 or

Research – Latest EU audit questions Turkish approach to control mycotoxins


An audit carried out between the months of May and June 2022 by the General Directorate of Health and Food Safety (DG SANTE) of the European Commission on the official controls that Turkey applies in relation to mycotoxins in dried figs and pistachios concludes that they are not effective. This conclusion fully coincides with the alerts and rejections at the border level that are notified through the Rapid Alert Network for Feed and Food (RASFF), where figs and pistachios from Turkey are prominent players due to the presence of aflatoxins.

It should be noted that the EU establishes that each shipment of dried figs and pistachios coming from Turkey or through Turkey must have a health certificate issued by the authorities, as well as the results of official sampling that demonstrate compliance with the requirements on maximum levels. of aflatoxins. It should be remembered that no level has been established for Ochratoxin A in dried figs. Figs from Turkey are subject to a 20% analysis frequency by EU countries, while it is 50% for pistachios.

There is a decreasing trend of rejection decisions based on Turkish pre-export tests. This fact contrasts with the results obtained in the controls carried out by the EU countries. In short, the ability of the Turkish control system to ensure that all shipments of exported dried figs and pistachios have been produced in accordance with EU regulations is called into question.

The auditors found that official controls are not designed to verify and control whether farmers implement mycotoxin control measures. Reports on official controls, including the effectiveness of HACCP schemes and controls carried out by processors, are also poor.

RASFF Alerts – Aflatoxin – Organic Dried Figs – Pistachios – Groundnuts – Dried Figs – Cracked Nutmeg


Exceedance of limit values for aflatoxins and ochratoxin A in dried organic figs from Turkey in Turkey, Malta, Slovenia, Romania, Italy, Hungary, Germany, Austria, Czech Republic, Croatia


Aflatoxin B1 and Total in Pistachio nuts from Turkey in Romania and the Netherlands


Aflatoxin in Brazilian groundnuts in Netherlands, Poland and Ukraine


Aflatoxins beyond the maximum permitted limits in Pistachios in shell from Iran in Italy


Aflatoxins in dried figs from Turkey in Sweden


Aflatoxins in soy chunks from India, via the Netherlands in Germany


Aflatoxins in cracked nutmegs from Indonesia in Germany


Aflatoxins in shelled pistachios from the USA, via Turkey in Italy and Romania

RASFF Alert- Staphylococcus aureus – Pasta


Staphylococcus aureus in pasta from Italy in Germany

RASFF Alert – Mycotoxin – Patulin – Apple Sauce


Patulin in apple sauce from the Netherlands in France

RASFF Alerts – Ochratoxin – Dried Organic Figs – Sunflower Seeds


Exceedance of limit values for aflatoxins and ochratoxin A in dried organic figs from Turkey in Austria, Germany, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Italy, Malta, Romania, Slovenia and Turkey


Ochratoxin A in shelled sunflower seeds from China in Denmark and Poland

EU – Entry into force of the new maximum limits for Ochratoxin A


In January 2023, the new maximum limits of ochratoxin A in certain foods approved in August by Commission Regulation (UE) 2022/1370 of August 5, 2022 will come into force, amending Regulation (EC) nº 1881 /2006 regarding the maximum content of ochratoxin A in certain food products .

Ochratoxin A is a mycotoxin produced naturally by fungi of the genera  Aspergillus  and  Penicillium  and is found as a contaminant in a wide variety of foods, such as cereals and cereal-based products, coffee beans, dried fruits, wine and grape juice, spices and licorice. Ochratoxin A is formed during drying in the sun and storage of crops. Formation can be avoided by applying good drying and storage practices.

Regulation (EC) nº1881/2006 already established the maximum content of ochratoxin A for certain foods. This new regulation:

Establish maximum limit of ochratoxin A for:

  • Nuts other than raisins.
  • Certain licorice products.
  • dry herbs
  • Certain ingredients for infusions.
  • Certain oleaginous seeds.
  • pistachios
  • Cocoa powder
  • Malt-based non-alcoholic drinks

Reduces the existing maximum limits of ochratoxin A for:

  • Bakery products.
  • raisins
  • roasted coffee
  • instant coffee

In addition, it extends to all species the provisions in force relating to ochratoxin A in certain species.