Category Archives: Toxin

RASFF Alerts – Aflatoxin – Pistachios – Peanuts – Groundnut Kernels -Crushed Chillies – Shelled Almonds – Caramel Candies with Peanuts – Sunflower Seeds – Chia Seeds – Dried Chillies

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RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 65.05; Tot. = 71.47 µg/kg – ppb) in pistachio in shell from the United States in Italy

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 8.6; Tot. = 9.7 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnuts kernels from India in the Netherlands

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 8.15; Tot. = 18.18 µg/kg – ppb) in pistachio kernels from Iran in Slovakia

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 11.6 µg/kg – ppb) in crushed chillies from Sri Lanka in the UK

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 25.63 µg/kg – ppb) in shelled almonds from the United States in Italy

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 29.6; Tot. = 36.5 µg/kg – ppb) in caramel candies with peanuts from Ukraine in Lithuania

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 42.1; Tot. = 46.8 mg/kg – ppm) in groundnuts in shell from Egypt in Italy

RASFF – aflatoxins (Tot. = 9.1 µg/kg – ppb) in raw peanuts from Argentina in the Netherlands

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 23; Tot. = 28 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnuts from Argentina in the Netherlands

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 15; Tot. = 17 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnut kernels from India in the Netherlands

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 21; Tot. = 23 µg/kg – ppb) in sunflower seeds from Serbia in Slovenia

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 15.6; Tot. = 15.9 µg/kg – ppb) in dried chillies from India in the UK

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 3.3; Tot. = 7.4 µg/kg – ppb) in chia seeds from Uganda, via Germany in the Netherlands

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 781; Tot. = 975 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnuts from Sudan in Belgium

RASFF Alert – Ochratoxin A – Raisins

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RASFF – ochratoxin A (21.5 µg/kg – ppb) in raisins from Uzbekistan, via Lithuania in he Czech Republic

RASFF Alerts – Aflatoxin – Groundnuts – Organic Maize -Pistachios – Tiger Nuts

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RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 6.0 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnuts with shell from Egypt in Germany

RASFF – aflatoxins (Tot. = 8.9 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnuts from Argentina in the Netherlands

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 15.8; Tot. = 16.6 µg/kg – ppb) in organic maize for pop corn from Italy in Italy

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 16.2 µg/kg – ppb) in roasted pistachios from Turkey in Germany

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 186; Tot. = 326 µg/kg – ppb) in dried tiger nuts from Burkina Faso in Spain

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 90.6; Tot. = 181.3 / B1 = 19.4; Tot. = 27.8 µg/kg – ppb) in pistachio nuts from Turkey in Italy

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 17; Tot. = 25 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnuts from Argentina in the Netherlands

RASFF Alert – Animal Feed – Aflatoxin – Groundnuts

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RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 140; Tot. = 160 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnuts from Sudan in the Netherlands

RASFF Alerts – Aflatoxin – Blanched Groundnut Kernels – Peanuts in Shell – Mixed Nuts – Crushed Red Hot Paprika – Shelled Almonds -Groundnuts – Whole Red Chillies -Ground Nutmeg – Hazlenuts – Pistachios – Blanched Almonds – Roasted Salted Pistchios

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RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 6.7; Tot. = 14 µg/kg – ppb) in blanched groundnut kernels from Argentina in the Netherlands

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 29.2 µg/kg – ppb) in peanuts in shell for wildlife feed from the United States in the UK

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 9.4; Tot. = 10.2 µg/kg – ppb) in mixed nuts from Turkey in Germany

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 20.6; Tot. = 21.7 µg/kg – ppb) in crushed red hot paprika from Kosovo in Germany

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 25; Tot. = 32 µg/kg – ppb) in shelled almonds from the United States in Spain

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 99.7; Tot. = 106 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnuts in shell from China in the UK

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 5.9 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnuts kernels from India in the Netherlands

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 7.4 µg/kg – ppb) in whole red chillies from India in Greece

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 7.5; Tot. = 28.4 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnut kernels from Argentina in the Czech Republic

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 14.65; Tot. = 21.82 µg/kg – ppb) in ground nutmeg from China in Romania

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 3.8; Tot. = 4.5 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnuts in shell from Egypt in Germany

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 11.7 µg/kg – ppb) in hazelnut kernels from Turkey in Sweden

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 15.7; Tot. = 17.1 µg/kg – ppb) in roasted pistachios in shell from Turkey in Belgium

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 23.4; Tot. = 25.4 µg/kg – ppb) in salted, roasted pistachios roasted from Turkey in Germany

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 37.1; Tot. = 40.3 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnuts from China in Spain

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 14; Tot. = 15 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnuts from the United States in the Netherlands

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 4.5; Tot. = 5.3 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnuts in shell from China in Spain

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 9.07 µg/kg – ppb) in pistachios without shell from Iran in Italy

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 24; Tot. = 25.8 µg/kg – ppb) in blanched almonds from Israel in Italy

RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 43; Tot. = 87 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnut kernels from Senegal in the Netherlands

 

 

RASFF Alert – Mycotoxin T-2/HT-2 – Wheat Flour

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RASFF – T-2 toxin (106.7 µg/kg – ppb) and HT-2 toxin (346 µg/kg – ppb) in wheat flour from Belgium in Belgium

Abstract

T-2 toxin (T2) and HT-2 (HT2) toxin are trichothecenes, which form part of the group of Fusarium mycotoxins. Food and feed samples used to estimate human dietary and animal exposure were reported either as the individual results for T2 and/or, HT2, and/or as the sum of the two. The highest concentrations were reported in oats and oat-containing commodities. Very high levels were reported in a small number of data on specific plant- and herb-based dietary supplements. In humans, the mean chronic dietary exposure to the sum of T2 and HT2 was highest in‘Toddlers’and‘Infants’, with maximum upper bound (UB) estimates of 64.8 and 62.9 ng/kg body weight (bw) per day, respectively.The 95th percentile dietary exposure was highest in‘Infants’with a maximum UB estimate of 146 ng/kgbw per day. UB estimations were on average four fold higher than lower bound (LB) estimations. Average acute exposure ranged from a minimum of 13.4 ng/kg bw per day, estimated in‘Elderly’,up to a maximum of 64.7 ng/kg bw per day estimated in‘Toddlers’. The highest 95th percentile acute dietary exposure was estimated for a dietary survey within the age class‘Infants’(170 ng/kg bw per day).Overall, among processed foods the main contributors were cereal flakes,fine bakery wares and, for acute exposure, also bread and rolls. In the elderly and very elderly, dietary supplements made an important contribution. Exposure to the sum of T2 and HT2 in farm and companion animals varied according to the animal species. Exposures considering mean concentration scenarios varied between 0.03–0.08 (LB–UB)lg/kg bw per day in beef cattle and 1.13–1.47lg/kg bw per day in milking goats. Forhigh concentration scenarios, exposures varied between 0.12–0.16lg/kg bw per day and 2.37–2.58lg/kg bw per day in the same species. In the absence of data, potential modified form were not included.

©2017 European Food Safety Authority.EFSA Journal published by John Wiley and Sons Ltd on behalf of European Food Safety Authority

 

USA -Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services and Grant’s Farm in St. Louis Looking into Recent Illnesses Among Visitors – STEC E.coli

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JEFFERSON CITY, MO — The Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services (DHSS), in collaboration with the Missouri Department of Agriculture (MDA), the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and local health agencies in the St. Louis metro area, is investigating five Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) cases that have visited Grant’s Farm since late May 2019. The investigation is ongoing and is focused on determining the specific risk that may have led to the illnesses.

MDA and DHSS have provided preliminary recommendations to Grant’s Farm to help remind patrons of the importance of handwashing after direct contact with animals. Grant’s Farm also is actively participating in the investigation by allowing animal specimens to be collected by investigators. This is in addition to routine visits from state inspectors to help supervise the health of the animals at the park.