Category Archives: Toxin

Research – Botulism breakthrough? Taming botulinum toxin to deliver therapeutics

Science Daily


While rare, botulism can cause paralysis and is potentially fatal. It is caused by nerve-damaging toxins produced by Clostridium botulinum — the most potent toxins known. These toxins are often found in contaminated food (home canning being a major culprit). Infants can also develop botulism from ingesting C. botulinum spores in honey, soil, or dust; the bacterium then colonizes their intestines and produces the toxin.

Once paralysis develops, there is no way to reverse it, other than waiting for the toxins to wear off. People with serious cases of botulism may need to be maintained on ventilators for weeks or months. But a new treatment approach and delivery vehicle, described today in Science Translational Medicine, could change that.

“There are anti-toxins, but these only work before the toxins enter the motor neurons,” says Min Dong, PhD, a researcher in Boston Children’s Hospital’s Department of Urology and corresponding author on the paper. “What we have developed is the first therapy that can eliminate toxins after they get inside neurons.”

RASFF – Aflatoxins – Almonds – Dried Figs – Organic Pistachios Kernels – Groundnut Kernels

European Food Alerts


aflatoxins (B1 = 10; Tot. = 23 µg/kg – ppb) in almonds from the United States in Spain


aflatoxins (B1 = 15.6; Tot. = 22 µg/kg – ppb) in dried figs from Turkey in Denmark


aflatoxins (B1 = 110; Tot. = 120 µg/kg – ppb) in organic pistachio kernels from Turkey in the Netherlands


aflatoxins (B1 = 30; Tot. = 33 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnut kernels from Argentina in the Netherlands

RASFF Alerts – Aflatoxin – Peanut Butter – White Rice – Groundnut Kernels –


aflatoxins (B1 = 6.3; Tot. = 7.4) in peanut butter from India in Poland


aflatoxins (B1 = 3.0 / B1 = 3.1 / B1 = 2.2 µg/kg – ppb) in white rice from Pakistan in Spain


aflatoxins (B1 = 12; Tot. = 14 / B1 = 100; Tot. = 120 µg/kg – ppb) in organic groundnut kernels from Egypt in the Netherlands


aflatoxins (B1 = 6.4 µg/kg – ppb) in organic groundnut kernels from Egypt in the Netherlands


aflatoxins (B1 = 99; Tot. = 110 µg/kg – ppb) in organic groundnut kernels from Egypt in the Netherlands


aflatoxins (B1 = 23; Tot. = 27 / B1 = 73; Tot. = 85 µg/kg – ppb) in organic groundnut kernels from Egypt in the Netherlands

RASFF Alert – Ochratxin A – Organic Liquorice Root

European Food Alerts


ochratoxin A (91 µg/kg – ppb) in organic licorice root powder from unknown origin, via the Netherlands and via Denmark in Finland

RASFF Alert – Mycotoxin – DON – Popcorn

European Food Alerts


deoxynivalenol (DON) (2174 µg/kg – ppb) in popcorn from Hungary, packaged in Poland in Poland

Denmark – Aflatoxin B1 in Wild Bird Game Nuts


DK International Care A / S is recalling game bird nuts. An excessive level of Aflatoxin B1 has been found in the nuts.

Recalled Foods , Published: January 6, 2021

Modified January 6, 2021

Which feed
Rema 1000 Wild Birds Nuts ( see picture )
Net Contents: 1 kg
Best before date: 07/31/2022
Lot Number: 9018373
EAN bar code: 5705830009418

Sold with
Rema 1000 stores across the country. However, the product has been removed from stores before the New Year.

Company recalling
DK International Care A / S, Niels Bohr Vej 45, 8660 Skanderborg

A sample taken by the Danish Veterinary and Food Administration found an excessively high content of aflatoxin B1 in the product.

Aflatoxin is a toxin produced by molds. It can be harmful for birds to eat the food.

Advice for consumers
Consumers are advised to discard the product or return it to the store where it was purchased.

Ireland – Withdrawal of a Batch of Dried Figs due to Aflatoxin above the legal limit


Category 2: For Information
Alert Notification: 2021.01
Product: Dried Figs – Imported  by Carpios Foods Ltd.   Pack Size 200g
Batch Code: Best Before 04/21
Country Of Origin: Spain


A batch of Dried Figs imported from Spain by Carpios Foods Ltd is being withdrawn due to Aflatoxin above the legal limit.

Nature Of Danger:

Aflatoxin is one of a group of a naturally occurring chemicals (mycotoxins) produced by certain moulds. They can grow on a variety of different crops and foodstuffs often under warm and humid conditions.

Mycotoxins can cause a variety of adverse health effects in humans including cancer (some are genotoxic), kidney and liver damage, gastrointestinal disturbances, reproductive disorders or suppression of the immune system. Mycotoxins are naturally occurring, so their presence in foods cannot be completely avoided.

Carpios Foods Dried Figs

Australia – Monde Nissin Australia Pty Ltd t/as nudie Foods — nudie nothing but 2 apples 200mL – Mycotoxin – Patulin


Photograph of nudie nothing but 2 apples 200ml

Identifying features

APN/EAN 9332991002130

What are the defects?

The recall is due to microbial (mycotoxin – patulin) contamination.

What are the hazards?

Food products containing the mycotoxin patulin may cause illness if consumed.

What should consumers do?

Any consumers concerned about their health should seek medical advice and should return the product to the place of purchase for a full refund.

For further information, please contact Monde Nissin Australia Pty Ltd by phone on 1800 466 834 or email or via

Traders who sold this product

Independent food retailers including IGA in NSW, Vic & SA, Independent food retailers in Qld, Tas & WA and Woolworths nationally.

Where the product was sold
Dates available for sale
  • 26 October 2020 – 24 December 2020

Recall advertisements and supporting documentation

Coordinating agency

Food Standards Australia New Zealand is the coordinating agency for this recall.

RASFF Alerts – Mycotoxin – Ergot Alkaloids – Rye


ergot (Claviceps purpurea) alkaloids (1069 mg/kg – ppm) in rye from Poland in Belgium

RASFF Alerts – Aflatoxin – Organic Almonds – Pistachio Kernels – Dried Figs – Groundnut Kernels

European Food Alerts


aflatoxins (B1 = 31; Tot. = 34 µg/kg – ppb) in organic almonds from Italy in Denmark


aflatoxins (B1 = 38.8; Tot. = 44 µg/kg – ppb) in pistachio kernels from the United States, dispatched from Turkey in Bulgaria


aflatoxins (B1 = 12.8; Tot. = 24.4 µg/kg – ppb) in dried figs in Sweden


aflatoxins (B1 = 175; Tot. = 190 µg/kg – ppb) in groundnut kernels from Angola in Portugal


aflatoxins (B1 = 17.4; Tot. = 24.5 µg/kg – ppb) in organic dried figs from Spain in Denmark


aflatoxins (B1 = 34; Tot. = 37 µg/kg – ppb) in pistachios from Turkey in the Netherlands


aflatoxins (B1 = 64.8; Tot. = 72.2 µg/kg – ppb) in pistachio kernels from Iran in Germany