Category Archives: Toxin

New Zealand – Shellfish biotoxin alert – Port Levy, Banks Peninsula


The Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI) today issued a public health warning advising the public not to collect or consume shellfish harvested between Sumner Head and East Head at Okains Bay on Banks Peninsula, including Lyttelton Harbour.

Routine tests on shellfish samples taken from Port Levy has shown levels of Diarrhetic Shellfish Toxins above the safe limit of 0.16 mg/kg set by MPI. Anyone eating shellfish from this area is potentially at risk of illness.

Ongoing testing will continue and any changes will be communicated accordingly.

Mussels, oysters, tuatua, pipi, toheroa, cockles, scallops, catseyes, kina (sea urchin) and all other bivalve shellfish should not be eaten.

Note, cooking shellfish does not remove the toxin.

Pāua, crab and crayfish may still be eaten if the gut has been completely removed prior to cooking, as toxins accumulate in the gut. If the gut is not removed its contents could contaminate the meat during the cooking process.

Symptoms typically appear within half an hour of ingestion and last for about 24 hours. Symptoms may include:

  • diarrhoea
  • vomiting
  • nausea
  • abdominal cramps.

If anyone becomes ill after eating shellfish from an area where a public health warning has been issued phone Healthline for advice on 0800 61 11 16, or seek medical attention immediately. You are also advised to contact your nearest public health unit and keep any leftover shellfish in case it can be tested.

Monitoring of toxin levels will continue and any changes will be communicated accordingly. Commercially harvested shellfish – sold in shops and supermarkets, or exported – is subject to strict water and flesh monitoring programmes by MPI to ensure they are safe to eat.

Find out more



 Product recalls • Alerts

Information Source: European Commission Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF)

Distribution in Luxembourg: Tandoori Market

The Luxembourg food safety authorities inform about the following recall:

Danger : ciguatera poisoning

Last name Snapper steaks (Lutjanus bohar)
Mark Seapro
Aspect Plastic packaging
Lot 85205-2217

Only the products listed in the table are affected.

The information provided does not exclude that part of the products have been sold to the end consumer.

Ciguatera usually involves a combination of gastrointestinal, neurological and, sometimes, cardiovascular disorders. The symptoms defined in these general categories vary depending on the geographic origin of the toxic fish and, to some extent, the species of fish. People who have consumed the products mentioned above and who present this type of symptoms are invited to consult a doctor and report this consumption.

RASFF Alert – Diarrhoeic Shellfish Poisoning (DSP) – Live Mussels


RASFF – Diarrhoeic Shellfish Poisoning (DSP) toxins – okadaic acid (133 µg/kg – ppb) in live mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) from Italy in Italy

RASFF Alert – Animal Feed -Aflatoxin – Shelled Groundnuts


RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 29.4 µg/kg – ppb) in shelled groundnuts from Argentina in the UK

Research – Ochratoxin A in food: public health risks assessed


EFSA has published a scientific opinion on public health risks related to the presence of ochratoxin A (OTA) in food – a mycotoxin naturally produced by moulds that can be found in a variety of foodstuffs including cereals, preserved meats, fresh and dried fruit, and cheese.

New data that have become available since the last assessment in 2006 suggest that OTA can be genotoxic by directly damaging the DNA. Experts also confirmed that it can be carcinogenic to the kidney. Therefore experts calculated a margin of exposure (MOE). This is a tool used by risk assessors to consider possible safety concerns arising from the presence in food and feed of substances which are both genotoxic and carcinogenic.

In its previous opinion, EFSA established a tolerable weekly intake (TWI) based on toxicity and carcinogenicity to the kidney.

Experts have now used a more conservative approach by calculating MOE and concluded that there is a health concern for most consumers groups. EFSA’s scientific advice will inform the European Commission in the ongoing discussion on maximum levels of OTA in foodstuffs.

EFSA consulted stakeholders and different parties on its draft opinion and comments received were considered when finalising it.

France -Raymond et Fils Arcachon Cap Ferret oysters – Lipophilic Toxin



Lipophilic toxin in shellfish


Foodborne illness caused by lipophilic toxins results in gastrointestinal disorders (diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain), headache and moderate fever appearing between 2h and 18h ​​after consumption.

People who hold these products are therefore asked not to consume them and to return them to the point of sale for destruction.

People who have consumed the products mentioned above and who present these symptoms, are invited to consult their doctor by reporting this consumption.


▸ Packaging
2 dozen N ° 3

Packed on 05/19/2020

▸ Veterinary identification number
FR. 33.236.061.CE

▸ Contact customer service
For any questions, you can contact the Raymond et Fils Company on 05 56 60 89 62 or on 06 88 60 01 02.

▸ Source


RASFF Alert – Aflatoxin -Blanched Groundnut Kernels


RASFF – aflatoxins (B1 = 6 µg/kg – ppb) in blanched groundnut kernels from India in the Netherlands