Category Archives: Toxin

France – Tuna loin – Histamine

Gov france

Identification information of the recalled product

  • Product category Food
  • Product subcategory Fishery and aquaculture products
  • Product brand name Unbranded
  • Model names or references Yellowfin tuna loin 3/5kg caught in the Indian Ocean
  • Identification of products
    GTIN Batch Date
    2812649000000 348 Use-by date 05/26/2022
  • Packaging Under vacuum
  • Marketing start/end date From 05/17/2022 to 05/24/2022
  • Storage temperature Product to be stored in the refrigerator
  • Health mark DFRA/FPE/98/77
  • Geographic area of ​​sale Whole France
  • Distributors U Teaches
  • List of points of sale List_stores.pdf

Practical information regarding the recall

  • Reason for recall Histamine levels above the norm
  • Risks incurred by the consumer Other biological contaminants

France – Mackerel Fillet – Histamine

Gov france

Identification information of the recalled product

  • Product category Food
  • Product subcategory Fishery and aquaculture products
  • Product brand name unbranded
  • Model names or references mackerel fillet
  • Identification of products
    Batch Date
    1275012015 Use-by date 05/18/2022
  • Products List PRODUCT.pdf Enclosed
  • Packaging VACUUM PACK
  • Marketing start/end date From 05/13/2022 to 05/18/2022
  • Storage temperature Product to be stored in the refrigerator
  • Health mark FR 62 667 126 EC
  • Geographic area of ​​sale Departments: LOIRET (45)
  • Distributors SUPER U

Practical information regarding the recall

  • Reason for recall histamines
  • Risks incurred by the consumer Endogenous toxins: histamine (fish, cheese, alcoholic beverages, meats)

Research – Removal of Ochratoxin A from Grape Juice by Clarification: A Response Surface Methodology Study

MDPI

This study achieved maximum removal of ochratoxin A (OTA) during the grape juice clarification process with minimal reduction in antioxidant compounds (phenolic acid, flavonoids, and antioxidant capacity by FRAP) by the RSM method. Independent variables included three types of clarifiers—gelatin, bentonite, and diatomite (diatomaceous earth)—at a concentration level of 0.25–0.75% and clarification time of 1–3 h. OTA was measured by high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection. Clarifying agent concentration and clarification time affected the reduction amount of OTA and antioxidant compounds in grape juice. There was a direct linear correlation between the reduction amounts of OTA and antioxidant compounds and capacity with the concentration of bentonite, gelatin, and diatomite, and the clarification time. The reduction amount of OTA and antioxidant capacity followed the linear mode. However, the decreased phenolic acid and flavonoid values followed the quadratic model. The study results showed that if the concentrations of bentonite, gelatin, and diatomite and clarification time were 0.45, 0.62, 0.25%, and 1 h, respectively, the maximum amount of OTA reduction (41.67%) occurred. Furthermore, the phenolic acid, flavonoid, and antioxidant activity decrease amounts were at their lowest levels, i.e., 23.86, 7.20, and 17.27%, respectively. View Full-Text

RASFF – Lipophilic Toxins – Tellins

RASFF

Detection of lipophilic toxins on tellins in Italy, Spain and Switzerland

USA- Staph food poisoning linked to illnesses among Coachella bus drivers

Outbreak News Today

MRSA Staphylococcus KSW Food World

According to the Riverside County Health Department, tests conducted on food collected after dozens of employees of a shuttle bus company became ill last month detected a bacterial toxin that can cause the symptoms described by those who became sick.

A state health department laboratory reported this week that Staphylococcal aureus (Staph) enterotoxin was detected in the food sample collected by a Los Angeles County resident who became ill shortly after eating a dinner catered for employees of a shuttle bus company on April 24. The company had provided shuttle service for the Coachella Music Festival.

Research – Recent Developments in Botulinum Neurotoxins Detection

MDPI

kswfoodworld

Botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs) are produced as protein complexes by bacteria of the genus Clostridium that are Gram-positive, anaerobic and spore forming (Clostridium botulinumC. butyricumC. baratii and C. argentinense spp.). BoNTs show a high immunological and genetic diversity. Therefore, fast, precise, and more reliable detection methods are still required to monitor outbreaks and ensure surveillance of botulism. The botulinum toxin field also comprises therapeutic uses, basic research studies and biodefense issues. This review presents currently available detection methods, and new methods offering the potential of enhanced precision and reproducibility. While the immunological methods offer a range of benefits, such as rapid analysis time, reproducibility and high sensitivity, their implementation is subject to the availability of suitable tools and reagents, such as specific antibodies. Currently, the mass spectrometry approach is the most sensitive in vitro method for a rapid detection of active or inactive forms of BoNTs. However, these methods require inter-laboratory validation before they can be more widely implemented in reference laboratories. In addition, these surrogate in vitro models also require full validation before they can be used as replacement bioassays of potency. Cell-based assays using neuronal cells in culture recapitulate all functional steps of toxin activity, but are still at various stages of development; they are not yet sufficiently robust, due to high batch-to-batch cell variability. Cell-based assays have a strong potential to replace the mouse bioassay (MBA) in terms of BoNT potency determination in pharmaceutical formulations; they can also help to identify suitable inhibitors while reducing the number of animals used. However, the development of safe countermeasures still requires the use of in vivo studies to complement in vitro immunological or cell-based approaches. View Full-Text

France – YELLOWFIN TUNA LOIN FISHED IN THE INDIAN OCEAN – Histamine

Gov france

Identification information of the recalled product

  • Product category Food
  • Product subcategory Fishery and aquaculture products
  • Product brand name SUPPLIER BRAND
  • Model names or references SUPPLIER BRAND
  • Identification of products
    GTIN Batch Date
    3000005180735 5860221261 Use-by date 05/19/2022
  • Packaging Bulk
  • Marketing start/end date From 05/10/2022 to 05/12/2022
  • Storage temperature Product to be stored in the refrigerator
  • Health mark Nope
  • Geographic area of ​​sale Whole France
  • Distributors SCAPMAREE
  • List of points of salestore_list.pdf

Practical information regarding the recall

  • Reason for recall Non-compliant histamine level
  • Risks incurred by the consumer Other biological contaminants

Guatemala: Red tide alert issued, One fatality reported -Saxitoxins – PSP

Outbreak News Today

The National Commission for Surveillance and Control of the Toxic Red Tide in Guatemala, declared a red tide alert because the constant monitoring and analysis that is carried out showed high concentrations of saxitoxins above the appropriate limits.

The presence of toxic red tide was detected on the Pacific Coast, on the coast of Tiquisate, Escuintla, indicated Virginia Herzing de Stwolinsky, head of the Risk Management Unit of the Ministry of Public Health and Social Assistance (MSPAS).

For this reason, bivalve mollusks, such as mussels, clams and shells. The consumption of the aforementioned foods produces severe intoxication and could even cause death.

Saxitoxins are also known as paralytic shellfish poisons (PSPs). Most human saxitoxin toxicoses have been associated with the ingestion of marine shellfish, which accumulate saxitoxins produced by marine dinoflagellates. However, saxitoxins are also found in freshwaters, produced by cyanobacteria in the genera Anabaena, Aphanizomenon, Planktothrix, Cylindrospermopsis, Lyngbya and Scytonema

France – Tellines – DSP marine biotoxins – Diarrhoeic Shellfish Poisoning

Gov france

Identification information of the recalled product

  • Product category Food
  • Product subcategory Fishery and aquaculture products
  • Product brand name Unbranded
  • Model names or references Tellines shipped between 03 and 05 May 2022
  • Identification of products
    Batch
    All lots
  • Storage temperature Product to be stored at room temperature
  • Health markFR.29.158.500.CE
  • Geographic area of ​​sale Whole France
  • Distributors Wholesalers / Independents

Practical information regarding the recall

  • Reason for recall Prefectural decree – Closure of fishing area
  • Risks incurred by the consumer DSP marine biotoxins (diarrheal toxins)

Belgium – Original Cracker Nuts from the Nagaraya brand – Aflatoxin

AFSCA

FASFC recall
Product: Original Cracker Nuts from the Nagaraya brand.
Problem: Aflatoxin content too high.
The FASFC is withdrawing the Original Cracker Nuts (160 g) of the Nagaraya brand from sale and recalling them from consumers due to an excessively high aflatoxin content.

This recall is being issued in response to a RASFF (Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed) alert.

The FASFC asks not to consume these products and to bring them back to the point of sale where they were purchased.


Product Description: Product

Name: Original Cracker Nuts
Brand: Nagaraya Best Before
Date (BDD): 18/07/2023
Batch Number: 000049798
Weight: 160g.
Type of packaging: plastic bag

This product was sold via several points of sale:

Kam Yuen Supermarket NV– Rue de la Vierge Noire 2-4, 1000 Brussels
Ofeljay Store – Sint-Salvatorstraat 61/2, 9000 Ghent
Sun Wah Supermarket – Van Wesenbekestraat 16-18, 2050 Antwerp

For any further information , you can contact the contact point FASFC for consumers: 0800/13.550 or pointdecontact@afsca.be .