Category Archives: Exotoxin

USA- Staph food poisoning linked to illnesses among Coachella bus drivers

Outbreak News Today

MRSA Staphylococcus KSW Food World

According to the Riverside County Health Department, tests conducted on food collected after dozens of employees of a shuttle bus company became ill last month detected a bacterial toxin that can cause the symptoms described by those who became sick.

A state health department laboratory reported this week that Staphylococcal aureus (Staph) enterotoxin was detected in the food sample collected by a Los Angeles County resident who became ill shortly after eating a dinner catered for employees of a shuttle bus company on April 24. The company had provided shuttle service for the Coachella Music Festival.

Canada – Moncton Fish Market brand Bar Clams recalled due to potential presence of dangerous bacteria – Clostridium botulinum


Moncton Fish Market - Bar Clams: 153 g

Moncton Fish Market - Bar Clams: 153 g

Bar Clams
Food » Microbial Contamination » Clostridium botulinum
What to do

Do not consume the recalled product

Affected products

Brand Product Size UPC Codes
Moncton Fish Market Bar Clams 153 g 8 78173 00004 8 All jars that were sold unrefrigerated


Moncton Fish Market Ltd. is recalling Moncton Fish Market brand Bar Clams that have been sold unrefrigerated from the marketplace because the product may permit the growth of Clostridium botulinum.

The recalled product has been sold at Moncton Fish Market, Moncton, New Brunswick.

What you should do

  • If you think you became sick from consuming a recalled product, call your doctor
  • Check to see if you have the recalled product in your home
  • Do not consume the recalled product
  • Recalled products should be thrown out or returned to the location where they were purchased

Food contaminated with Clostridium botulinum toxin may not look or smell spoiled but can still make you sick. Symptoms in adults can include facial paralysis or loss of facial expression, unreactive or fixed pupils, difficulty swallowing, drooping eyelids, blurred or double vision, difficulty speaking, including slurred speech, and a change in sound of voice, including hoarseness. Symptoms of foodborne botulism in children can include difficulty swallowing, slurred speech, generalized weakness and paralysis. In all cases, botulism does not cause a fever. In severe cases of illness, people may die.

France – WHITE BOUDINS COGNAC FINE CHAMPAGNE Sausages – Clostridium perfringens

Gov france

Identifying information for the recalled product

  • Product category Food
  • Product sub-category Meats
  • Product brand name THE BRASERADES
  • Product identification
    GTIN Lot Dated
    3387620061565 321340213 Use-by date 12/17/2021
    3387620061565 321340213 Use-by date 12/18/2021
    3387620061565 321340213 Use-by date 12/19/2021
    3387620061565 321340213 Use-by date 12/20/2021
    3387620061565 321340213 Use-by date 12/21/2021
    3387620061572 321340159 Use-by date 12/18/2021
    3387620061572 321340159 Use-by date 12/20/2021
    3387620061572 321340159 Use-by date 12/21/2021
    3387620061572 321340159 Use-by date 12/22/2021
  • Start date / End of marketing From 12/06/2021 to 12/10/2021
  • Storage temperature Product to be stored in the refrigerator
  • Health mark FR 11.076.050 CE
  • Geographical sales area Whole France
  • Distributors Leclerc, Auchan, Carrefour, Atac
  • List of points of saleclients_livrés_boudins_fines_champagnes.pdf

Practical information regarding the recall

  • Reason for recall Bacteriological contamination by Clostridium perfringens
  • Risks incurred by the consumer Clostridium perfringens

UK – Chef sentenced after one killed and 31 left ill by undercooked shepherd’s pie

The Guardian

A church harvest supper at a village pub ended in tragedy when one of the congregation was killed and 31 others suffered food poisoning after eating a shepherd’s pie filled with mince that had been incorrectly prepared by a rushing chef.

Elizabeth Neuman, 92, repeatedly vomited after eating the pie and died while other parishioners became “unpleasantly ill” and three of those attending only escaped because they were vegetarians, Reading crown court heard.

The cook, John Croucher, who at the time was head chef at the Crewe Arms in the Northamptonshire village of Hinton-in-the-Hedges, was given a four-month jail sentence, suspended for 12 months, after admitting a charge of contravening food regulations.

Research – Clostridial Neurotoxins: Structure, Function and Implications to Other Bacterial Toxins


Gram-positive bacteria are ancient organisms. Many bacteria, including Gram-positive bacteria, produce toxins to manipulate the host, leading to various diseases. While the targets of Gram-positive bacterial toxins are diverse, many of those toxins use a similar mechanism to invade host cells and exert their functions. Clostridial neurotoxins produced by Clostridial tetani and Clostridial botulinum provide a classical example to illustrate the structure–function relationship of bacterial toxins. Here, we critically review the recent progress of the structure–function relationship of clostridial neurotoxins, including the diversity of the clostridial neurotoxins, the mode of actions, and the flexible structures required for the activation of toxins. The mechanism clostridial neurotoxins use for triggering their activity is shared with many other Gram-positive bacterial toxins, especially molten globule-type structures. This review also summarizes the implications of the molten globule-type flexible structures to other Gram-positive bacterial toxins. Understanding these highly dynamic flexible structures in solution and their role in the function of bacterial toxins not only fills in the missing link of the high-resolution structures from X-ray crystallography but also provides vital information for better designing antidotes against those toxins. View Full-Text

USA – Clostridium perfringens is bug that hit South Peninsula Hospital in Anchorage Alaska

Food Poison Journal

CDC Clost perf

Image CDC

Morgan Krakow of the Anchorage Daily News reported that Health officials have traced the source of a foodborne illness outbreak that sickened dozens of hospital workers in Homer to a single item, the Department of Health and Social Services said in a release Monday.

It was a Cubano sandwich, experts who investigated the incident think. In fact, it was probably the pulled pork inside of it, said Jeremy Ayers, section manager with the Food Safety and Sanitation Program within the Division of Environmental Health.

When investigating an outbreak, epidemiologists look at people’s symptoms and when they began. They start to form an idea of what dish was the likely offender. In this case a lot of signs pointed to the Cubano, Ayers said.

“[The] statistics that they came up with were pretty compelling that that sandwich was the implicated food item,” Ayers said.

Experts determined that the Homer incident likely involved a pathogen associated with cooked meat and poultry called Clostridium perfringens.

Ukraine- Botulism case reported in Melitopol, Ukraine, Linked to smoked mackerel

Outbreak News Today


On June 21, 2021, a case of botulism – food poisoning was registered in Melitopol- a city in Zaporizhzhia Oblast of southeastern Ukraine, according to the city health department.

The patient is a 65-year-old man who bought cold-smoked mackerel in a retail chain and consumed it himself on June 18-19, 2021.

USA – Morse’s Sauerkraut worker sick with E. coli – source unknown – STEC E.coli

Food Poison Journal

The Maine Center for Disease Control and Prevention (Maine CDC) has identified a case of Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) infection in a Waldoboro food service worker, according to a Monday evening news release.

The individual handled deli food at Morse’s Sauerkraut in Waldoboro while infectious from April 1 through May 13.

An assessment of the individual’s illness determined that patrons of Morse’s Sauerkraut may be at risk for STEC infection, the Maine CDC announced.

Individuals who purchased deli items from Morse’s Sauerkraut between April 1 and May 13 should watch for symptoms of infection, such as severe stomach cramps, diarrhea (often bloody), and vomiting.

Research – Bacillus cereus food poisoning with fatal multi-organ failure.



This case represents a rare fulminant course of fried-rice associated food poisoning in an immunocompetent person due to pre-formed exotoxin produced by Bacillus cereus, with severe manifestations of sepsis, including multi-organ (hepatic, renal, cardiac, respiratory and neurological) failure, shock, metabolic acidosis, rhabdomyolysis and coagulopathy. Despite maximal supportive measures (continuous renal replacement therapy, plasmapheresis, N-acetylcysteine infusion and blood products, and broad-spectrum antimicrobials) and input from a multidisciplinary team (consisting of infectious diseases, intensive care, gastroenterology, surgery, toxicology, immunology and haematology), mortality resulted. This case is the first to use whole genome sequencing techniques to confirm the toxigenic potential of B. cereus. It has important implications for food preparation and storage, particularly given its occurrence in home isolation during the COVID-19 pandemic.

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