Category Archives: Fumonsins

Spain – Mycotoxin update on the Hazard Map

ACSA

In the Hazard Map database, we have updated all the sheets corresponding to the mycotoxins of the chemical hazards block:

  • Aflatoxins
  • Ochratoxins
  • Zearalenone
  • Deoxynivalenol
  • Fumonisins
  • Trichothecenes T-2 and HT2
  • Patulin

Mycotoxins are products of fungal metabolism and their ingestion, inhalation or skin absorption can cause disease or death in animals and people. The most important mycotoxins are produced by molds of the genera Aspergillus , Penicillium and Fusarium .

Among the most common mycotoxins are aflatoxins, ochratoxin A, patulin, fumonisins, zearanelone, deoxynivalenol, and T-2 and HT-2 toxins.

India – FSSAI issues new manual for analysing aflatoxin in food

FNB News

The apex food regulator, FSSAI, has issued a revised manual for methods of analysis of mycotoxins including aflatoxin in food. FSSAI has stated that the manual shall be used by the laboratories with immediate effect and this manual shall supersede the earlier manual on mycotoxins.

According to the FSSAI all food samples suspected of being contaminated with mycotoxins must be handled with extreme care, as aflatoxins are potent carcinogenic substances.

The manual talks about personal safety precautions, precautions during analysis  and handling of glassware for aflatoxin analysis.

Currently, the regulatory limits for mycotoxins in food as defined by the FSSAI include 15 microgram per kg in cereals, and cereal products, pulses, nuts and nuts for further processing. For Aflatoxins  the limit is prescribed at 10 microgram  per kg for ready to eat products, and dried figs, while 30 microgram per kg for spices and for oilseeds for further processing, the limit is set at 15 microgram per kg.

Similarly, the limit of Aflatoxin M1 in milk is 0.5 microgram per kg, Ochratoxin A in wheat, barley and rye is at 20 microgram per kg, and for Patulin, the limit is 50mcrogram per kg in apple juice and apple juice ingredients in other beverages.

Further, the limit for Deoxynivalenol  in wheat is fixed at 1000ppm.

Mycotoxins—toxic secondary metabolites of filamentous fungi—are biological in origin. Only a few of the thousands of mycotoxins present significant food safety challenges to the farm-to-fork food continuum. The natural fungal flora associated with food safety is dominated by three genres: Aspergillus, Fusarium, and Penicillium.

Aflatoxins are highly toxic secondary metabolites and aflatoxin-producing fungi can contaminate crops in the field, at harvest, and during storage. Some of the more common crops susceptible to contamination with aflatoxins are cereals (e.g. maize, rice and wheat). The husk of these cereals are often used as animal feed.

Deoxynivalenol (DON) Deoxynivalenol (DON) also known as vomitoxin is a trichothecene mycotoxin mainly produced by Fusarium fungi (Fusarium molds). This plant pathogens can cause scab mainly in wheat and barley etc., and damages cereals the most widely by contamination in the field. The main commodities affected are cereals such as wheat, rice, barley, oats and maize etc.

Patulin is a mycotoxin that is produced by certain species of Penicillium, Apergillus, and Byssochylamys molds that may grow on a variety of foods including fruit, grains, and cheese  while Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a naturally occurring foodborne mycotoxin found in a wide variety of agricultural commodities worldwide, ranging from cereal grains to dried fruits to wine and coffee.

RASFF Alert – Mycotoxin -Fumonsins – Organic Corn Waffles

European Food Alerts

RASFF

fumonisins (sum B1+B2: 890; 1130 µg/kg – ppb) in organic corn waffles from Slovakia in Germany

RASFF Alert – Mycotoxins -Fumonsins – Shelled Groundnuts

European Food Alerts

RASFF

fumonisins (B1 = 2.7 µg/kg – ppb) in shelled groundnuts from Argentina in the UK

Research – Climate Change and Food Poisoning

The Counter

Fungal toxins known as mycotoxins, including some thought lost to history, are claiming new territory as the Earth warms.

RASFF Alert – Fumonisins – Mycotoxin – Purple Maize Flour

European Food Alerts

RASFF

fumonisins (11069 µg/kg – ppb) in purple maize flour from Peru in Spain

RASFF Alert – Mycotxin – Fumonsins – Corn Flour

RASFF-Logo

RASFF – fumonisins (18255 µg/kg – ppb) in corn flour from Peru in Spain

Belgium – Demeter corn flour of the Vajra brand – Fumonsins – Mycotoxins

AFSCA

Recall of Vajra
Product: Demeter corn flour of the Vajra brand
Problem: Exceeding the standard for fumonisins


VAJRA is withdrawing from sale and recalling from consumers the Demeter Corn Flour (500g and 5kg) of the Vajra brand. Analyzes have revealed a non-compliance with the fumonisin parameters (exceeding the standard) in a batch of this corn flour.
The products concerned were sold from May 2020 in certain organic food stores. Vajra brand Demeter corn flour


  • Weight: 500g
  • Lot: 0420/260520
  • Expiration dates (DDM): 05/01/2021
  • Packing: Paper bag

(update) Demeter Corn Flour of the Vajra brand Weight: 5 kg Lot: 120/220520 Expiration date (DDM): 05/01/2021 Packaging: Paper bag People who have bought the Corn Flour are asked Demeter corn from the lot concerned, not to consume this product and to bring it back to the place of purchase where it will be refunded to you.

RASFF Alert – Fumonsins – Organic Corn Flour

RASFF-Logo

RASFF – fumonisins (2067 µg/kg – ppb) in organic corn flour packaged in Belgium, with raw material from Italy in Belgium

Belgium – Demeter corn flour of the Vajra brand – Fumonisins

AFSCA

The VAJRA company is withdrawing from sale and recalling from consumers the Demeter Corn Flour of the Vajra brand. Analyzes have revealed a non-compliance with the fumonisin parameters (exceeding the standard) in a batch of this corn flour.

The products concerned were sold from May 2020 in certain organic food stores.

  • Product: Demeter Corn Flour from Vajra
  • Weight: 500g
  • Lot: 0420/260520
  • Expiration dates (DDM): 05/01/2021
  • Packing: Paper bag

People who have purchased the Demeter Corn Flour from the lot concerned are asked not to consume this product and to return it to the place of purchase where it will be refunded to you.
The product was sold through various health food stores.

For more information, please call VAJRA on 02 731 05 22.
We apologize for any inconvenience.

VAJRA sprl
330 Brusselsesteenweg, hall 5
3090 Overijse