Food Poisoning Bulletin
An employee at the McDonald’s at 506 South Main Street in Owenton, Kentucky has been diagnosed with hepatitis A, according to a press release from the Three Rivers District Health Department. Officials recommend that people in Carroll, Gallatin, Owen, and Pendleton Counties get a hepatitis A or immune globulin vaccine.
That employee worked at that facility from August 16 through August 27, 2018. That is within the two week time frame when a vaccine can help protect against the disease. If you or anyone you know ate at that McDonald’s restaurant during that time frame, they should get a shot.The McDonald’s management is cooperating with this investigation. The restaurant has been disinfected and employees told to get vaccinations and to tell management if they are sick.
Posted in food contamination, Food Hygiene, Food Illness, Food Inspections, Food Micro Blog, Food Microbiology, Food Microbiology Blog, Food Pathogen, food recall, Food Safety, Food Safety Alert, Food Testing, Food Virus, Hepatitis A, Uncategorized, Virus
Staff at two Manchester restaurants have fallen ill during an outbreak of hepatitis A.
Three staff members were discovered to have the liver virus at Dukes 92 and Albert’s Shed in the city centre’s Castlefield area.
Public Health England said the public risk was “very low”, and immunisation was being offered to people who have had close contact with those infected.
The restaurants’ parent firm said the source of the infection was “unclear”.
Lucy McCarthy, operations director of Elle R Leisure, said the restaurants remained open, adding: “Public Health England have inspected our premises and are completely satisfied with the site and our procedures.
“We’re doing everything we can to help them and the members of the team who have been affected.”
PHE said it was not aware of any customers being affected.
Dr Caroline Rumble, of PHE North West’s health protection team, said: “As a precaution we are offering immunisation to those we have identified as having had close contact with the cases to prevent the spread of infection.”
Posted in food contamination, Food Hygiene, Food Inspections, Food Micro Blog, Food Microbiology, Food Microbiology Blog, Food Pathogen, Food Safety, Food Testing, Food Virus, Hepatitis A, Uncategorized
Food Poisoning Bulletin
An employee of the Miami Township Taco Bell restaurant, which is located at 889 State Route 28 in Milford, Ohio has been diagnosed with hepatitis A, according to Clermont County Public Health. That employee worked at that restaurant on August 15, 16, and 17, 2018.
It’s still early enough that anyone who ate at that restaurant on those days can get a hepatitis A or immune globulin vaccination to prevent this illness. The type of vaccination given depends on several factors, including the age of the patient and their health. For instance, anyone who has chronic liver disease or is immunocompromised would receive the immune globulin vaccine. These vaccines are only effective if given within two weeks of exposure to the pathogenic virus.
RASFF-norovirus (presence /25g) in frozen sour cherries from Poland in the Netherlands
RASFF -norovirus (GI/ 0.025 g) in live oysters (Cassostrea Gigas) from France in Italy
RASFF -norovirus (presence /25g) in frozen red currents from Poland in Belgium
Posted in food contamination, Food Hygiene, Food Inspections, Food Micro Blog, Food Microbiology, Food Microbiology Blog, Food Pathogen, food recall, Food Safety, Food Safety Alert, Food Testing, Food Virus, Norovirus, RASFF, Uncategorized, Virus
RASFF -norovirus (GI /2g) in live oysters (Crassostrea gigas) from France in Italy
Posted in food contamination, Food Hygiene, Food Inspections, Food Micro Blog, Food Microbiology, Food Microbiology Blog, Food Pathogen, Food Poisoning, food recall, Food Safety, Food Safety Alert, Food Testing, Food Virus, Norovirus, RASFF, Uncategorized, Virus
Food Poisoning Bulletin
An employee at The Back Corner, an entertainment venue at 1413 5th Avenue North in Nashville, Tennessee, has been diagnosed with hepatitis A, according to the Nashville Public Health Department. The Metro Public Health Department (MPDH) is issuing a public notice and will offer free hepatitis A vaccinations to customers who visited that facility on June 28, 29, or 30, 2018
Posted in food contamination, Food Hygiene, Food Inspections, Food Microbiology, Food Microbiology Blog, Food Pathogen, Food Safety, Food Safety Alert, Food Testing, Food Virus, Hepatitis A, Uncategorized
On 2 May 2018, Denmark reported a cluster of hepatitis A virus (HAV) infections with the subgenotype IA strain DK2018_231, through the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC)’s Epidemic Intelligence Information System (EPIS) for food- and waterborne diseases and zoonoses (FWD). One of the three confirmed cases had travelled to Morocco. In response, five additional European Union (EU) countries (France, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain and the United Kingdom (UK)) reported cases (n = 20) infected with the same strain between 21 January and 10 April 2018. Concurrently, Germany reported to EPIS that it observed more cases of hepatitis A with travel history to Morocco than expected, compared with the same period in the previous 5 years. Molecular analysis of the HAV VP1/P2A region revealed an unrelated cluster of the HAV subgenotype IB strain V18–16428. Cases infected with this unrelated strain were also reported from France, the Netherlands, Sweden and UK.
The appearance of clusters with a link to Morocco triggered further epidemiological investigations.
The occurrence of the two concurrent HAV clusters in the first 6 months of 2018 serve as a reminder of the risk of contracting hepatitis A in Morocco, a country with intermediate endemicity [4,5]. HAV subgenotypes IA and IB are known to circulate in Morocco and strain DK2018_231 has been observed in sporadic cases with travel history to Morocco in previous years [6–8]. Despite the different characteristics of the two reported clusters, cases with a travel history to Morocco feature in both. In a recent study of European travellers, Turkey, Egypt and Morocco were listed as the top three destinations for acquiring travel-associated hepatitis A and accounted for one third of cases in the period 2009–15 . The epidemiological link to Morocco is more apparent in cluster IB, where the majority of cases had confirmed travelling to Morocco and all interviewed autochthonous cases had reported consuming food items brought home from there.
In the IA cluster, only three cases had travelled to Morocco. However, the large proportion of autochthonous cases and their spatial distribution in this cluster suggest that an imported food item may have served as the vehicle in this outbreak. Large food-borne hepatitis A outbreaks from frozen berries and semi-dried tomatoes have previously affected European countries, further indicating that imported contaminated food products pose a risk to the increasingly susceptible general population in Europe [10–13].
The outbreaks described here illustrate the increased risk that non-immune travellers face when visiting HAV-endemic areas like Morocco. All of the eight countries where cases occurred have explicit recommendations of hepatitis A vaccination for travel to endemic countries, in accordance with World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations [14,15]. Yet it appears that it is not uncommon for people to travel unvaccinated to HAV-endemic countries. An outbreak investigation of hepatitis A in travellers to Egypt between 2012 and 2013 found a high proportion of travellers who were not immunised before travelling [16,17]. Interviews with the German cases have rendered similar results, suggesting that there may be an information gap regarding both the risk of hepatitis A and the availability of a safe and effective vaccine.
Posted in food contamination, Food Hygiene, Food Illness, Food Inspections, Food Microbiology, Food Microbiology Blog, Food Pathogen, Food Safety, Food Testing, Food Virus, Hepatitis A, Uncategorized