Category Archives: Algal Toxin

RASFF Alert – Diarrhoeic Shellfish Poisoning (DSP) – Live Scallops

RASFF

Withdrawal of live scallops (Aequipecten operculatis) harvested in France because of possible contamination with Diarrhoeic Shellfish Poisoning (DSP) toxins from Spain in France

RASFF Alert – Marine Biotoxin – Live Slipper Clams

RASFF

HIGH LEVELS OF LIPOPHILIC BIOTOXINS IN LIVE SLIPPER CLAM (VENERUPIS CORRUGATA) FROM PORTUGAL in Spain

Lipophilic marine biotoxins include okadaic acid, pectenotoxin, yessotoxin and azaspiracid groups.

New Zealand – Shellfish biotoxin alert for Hawke Bay has been removed

MPI

The Ministry for Primary Industries today removed the public health warning against collecting shellfish from the Hawke Bay. This warning was from the Mohaka River Mouth South to Cape Kidnappers. Further sampling of shellfish along this coastline has showed that PSP toxins are now at safe levels.

No other warnings remain in place.

USA – How to Report Seafood-Related Natural Toxin Illness

FDA

To help FDA effectively investigate, remove unsafe seafood products from the market, and develop new prevention strategies, the FDA relies on illness reporting from public health officials and healthcare providers. While most foodborne outbreaks are tracked through the FDA’s Coordinated Outbreak Response and Evaluation (CORE) network, seafood-related illnesses caused by natural toxins have a unique reporting mechanism. This web page provides information on commonly occurring seafood-related illnesses and how to report them to the FDA.  To report an illness from raw bivalve molluscan shellfish, email the FDA at shellfishepi@fda.hhs.gov.

The FDA receives reports of illnesses associated with the consumption of specific types of fish. These illnesses may originate from the activity of certain bacteria, toxins produced by marine algae, or hazards inherent in the fish.

Commonly occurring illness:

Illness and reporting information for the commonly occurring illnesses are provided in each section. Contact the FDA with any questions or need for clarification of the illness or reporting.

In addition to the illnesses listed above, reporting of other less frequently occurring illnesses from natural toxins may be accomplished by emailing the FDA at Seafood.Illness@fda.hhs.gov.  Refer to Chapter 6 of the “Fish and Fishery Products Hazards and Controls Guidance” for a comprehensive list of natural toxin illnesses. To report illnesses related to miscellaneous natural toxin illnesses, please email FDA at Seafood.Illness@fda.hhs.gov.

The FDA works with first responders, physicians, and state and local health departments to investigate illnesses and outbreaks, manage them, and learn how to lessen future occurrences.

New Zealand – Shellfish biotoxin alerts – Hawkes Bay

MDPI

North Island warnings

Hawke’s Bay

Reason for alert Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning (PSP)

Check the symptoms of PSP

Date warning issued 16 June 2021

Media release

Affected area From the Mohaka River mouth, south to Cape Kidnappers.
Shellfish affected Mussels, oysters, tuatua, pipi, toheroa, cockles, scallops, catseyes, kina (sea urchin), and all other bivalve shellfish.

Note, cooking shellfish does NOT remove the toxin.

Pāua, crab, and crayfish may still be eaten if the gut has been completely removed prior to cooking, as toxins accumulate in the gut. If the gut is not removed its contents could contaminate the meat during the cooking process.

Symptoms Symptoms typically appear between 10 minutes and 3 hours after ingestion and may include:

  • numbness and a tingling (prickly feeling) around the mouth, face, and extremities (hands and feet)
  • difficulty swallowing or breathing
  • dizziness
  • headache
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • diarrhoea
  • paralysis and respiratory failure, and in severe cases, death.
Other information Paralytic shellfish toxins have been detected in shellfish from Pania Reef at levels over the safe limit of 0.8mg/kg set by MPI. Ongoing testing will continue and any changes will be communicated accordingly.

Map of affected area

Map showing the affected area

British Virgin Islands- Ciguatera increase

Food Safety News

Authorities in the British Virgin Islands have issued a warning after a surge in Ciguatera fish poisoning (CFP) within the past few weeks.

Cases until the week of June 6 were sporadic, but within three weeks there have been eight confirmed infections with other suspected cases also being investigated.

National Epidemiologist Harmony Massiah said CFP is not uncommon in tropical and sub-tropical areas and is mainly associated with consumption of big coral reef fish like snapper, bass and perch that have accumulated ciguatoxin in the body.

Larger fish will have higher amounts of the toxin. Contaminated fish cannot be identified by appearance and the toxin cannot be destroyed by cooking or freezing.

RASFF Alert – Algal Toxin – Okadaic Acid – DSP

RASFF

HIGH LEVELS OF OKADAIC ACID IN MUSSEL FROM SPAIN in the UK

EU Research – Risk characterisation of ciguatera poisoning in Europe

EFSA

The EuroCigua project main objective is to characterize the risk of Ciguatera Poisoning (CP) in Europe including several specific objectives: to determine the incidence of ciguatera in Europe and the epidemiological characteristics of cases; to assess the presence of ciguatoxin in food and the environment in Europe and to develop and validate methods for the detection, quantification and confirmation of the presence of ciguatoxin contaminated specimens.

This report compiles the activities carried out during the EuroCigua project from the signing in April 2016 until December 2020. The present document corresponds to Deliverable No. 6: “Final Scientific Report” on Risk characterization of ciguatera food poisoning in Europe of the Specific Agreement no. 1 “MANAGEMENT AND SCIENTIFIC COORDINATION” within the Framework Partnership Agreement GP/EFSA/AFSCO/2015/03 “Risk characterization of ciguatera food poisoning in Europe”.

France – Product recall: MAISON CHEVALLIER canned cooked meals – DSP

Oulah

Product recall: MAISON CHEVALLIER canned cooked meals

ENCOUNTERED PROBLEM

Health risk, linked to the lack of stability test. (microbiological)
Marine biotoxins DSP (diarrheal toxins)
Manufacturing defect, sealing defect (ex: micro leaks, defective heat sealing) or packaging anomalies

PROPOSED SOLUTION

Do not consume and return to the point of sale for reimbursement

FURTHER INFORMATION

▸ Names of the models or references
• Country
pâté • Country pâté
• Rabbit terrine with prunes
• Rabbit terrine with duck foie gras • Pork terrine with duck
foie gras
• Lamb semolina
• Duck
parmentier • Diots crozets
• Quinoa salmon
• Sauerkraut
• Beef bourguignon
• Savoyard stew
• Blanquette of veal
• Chicken curry


▸ Packaging
Canned in glass


▸ Start date / End of marketing
From 12/01/2020 to 05/06/2021


▸ Health mark
FR 74 006 007 CE


▸ Geographical sales area
AIN (01), LOIRET (45), MARNE (51), SAVOIE (73), HAUTE-SAVOIE (74)



MAISON CHEVALLIER – TRES ALPAIN distributors


▸ List of points of sale
Click here


▸ Consumer service contact
0450695241


▸ Source
SARL CHEVALLIER

France – Product recall: Medium shells sold at retail – ASP Toxins

Oulah

Product recall: Medium shells sold at retail

ENCOUNTERED PROBLEM

ASP marine biotoxins (amnesia toxins)

PROPOSED SOLUTION

Do not consume and bring back to the point of sale.

Food poisoning caused by these toxins results in digestive disorders (vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea) within 2 to 24 hours of ingestion of the contaminated shellfish. These disorders may be followed by feelings of dizziness, persistent headaches, disorientation, and possibly recent memory loss.

FURTHER INFORMATION


▸ Start date / End of marketing
Since 05/11/2021


▸ Health mark
FR.29.158.500.CE


▸ Distributors
CARREFOUR LECLERC POMONA POISSONNERIES – INDEPENDENT MARKETS


▸ Source
FURIC MAREE