Category Archives: eae

RASFF Alert – STEC E.coli – Bovine Carcass


STEC (stx+;eae+) in bovine carcass from Belgium in France

RASFF Alert – STEC E.coli – Cow Carcass


STEC (stx+;eae+) in cow carcass from Belgium in France and the Netherlands

Czech Republic – TARTAR DI MANZO – EPEC E.coli


Illustration photo no. 1

Place of inspection:
Ostrava ( Masarykovo namesti 2572/7, 702 00 Ostrava )
Company ID: 06433847
Food group: Meals Cold dishes

Category: Dangerous food
Unsatisfactory parameter:

Escherichia coli enteropathogenic (EPEC) – intimin (eaeA)

The food was found to have the pathogenic enteropathogenic bacterium  Escherichia coli (EPEC), which causes watery diarrhea, vomiting and fever.

Expiration date: 8/31/2021
Quantity of product in package: 100 g
Producer: Anebia food sro, Masarykovo namesti 2572/7, Ostrava
Sampling date: 31. 8. 2021
Reference number: 21-000545-CAFIA-CZ
The sample was found by an official inspection of the State Agricultural and Food Inspection Authority.

Research – Occurrence of the seven most common serotypes of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli in beef cuts produced in meat-processing plants in the state of São Paulo, Brazil


Healthy cattle are considered the main reservoir of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) strains, so in some places in the world, products derived from beef are the most common source for disease outbreaks caused by these bacteria. Therefore, in order to guarantee that the beef produced by our slaughterhouses is safe, there is a need for continuous monitoring of these bacteria. In this study, 215 beef cuts were evaluated, including chilled vacuum-packed striploins (151 samples), rib eyes (30 samples), and knuckles (34 samples), from March to June, 2018. These meat samples were collected from the slaughter of unconfined cattle, being arbitrarily collected from eight meat-processing companies in São Paulo state, Brazil. Each sample was examined for the presence of STEC toxin type ( stx 1 and/or stx 2 genes) and also the E. coli attaching-and-effacing ( eae ) gene, which were determined by a multiplex PCR assay. Here we show that the major seven STEC strains (O serogroups O26, O45, O103, O111, O121, O145, and O157) are not detected in any of the analyzed beef cut samples; however, three of them presented the virulence eae gene. Therefore, the absence of STEC strains in the beef samples may be an indication of the low prevalence of this pathogen in the cattle herd on the farm, associated with good hygiene and handling practices adopted by the meat industry.

Research – Detection of Escherichia albertii in retail oysters

Journal of Food Protection

Escherichia albertii  is an emerging foodborne pathogen. Owing to its distribution in river water,  it is important to determine the presence of  E. albertii  in aquaculture-related foods. In this study, we investigated the distribution of  E. albertii  in retail oyster samples.  A total of  427 raw oyster samples (385 Pacific oysters, and 42 Japanese rock oysters) were enriched in  modified Escherichia coli  broth (mEC) or mEC supplemented with novobiocin (NmEC) at 42 °C. The cultures were used for  E. albertii -specific nested PCR assay, as well as for  E. albertii  isolation using  deoxycholate hydrogen sulfide lactose agar  (DHL), DHL supplemented with rhamnose and xylose (RX-DHL), and MacConkey agar supplemented with rhamnose and xylose (RX-MAC). The population of  E. albertii  in nested PCR-positive samples was  determined using the  most probable number  (MPN) method.  E. albertii  isolates were subjected to biochemical and genetic characterization.  E. albertii   was detected in 5 of 315 (1.6%) Pacific oyster samples  (one piece each), 2 of 70 (2.9 %)  Pacific oyster samples  (25 g each), and 2 of 42 (4.8 %) Japanese rock oyster samples  procured from four geographically distant regions. A total of 64  E. albertii  strains were isolated from eight of the nine nested PCR assay-positive oyster samples, and  the MPN value was under the detection limit (< 3 MPN/10 g).  A specific season or month for detecting  E. albertii  was not observed in this study, suggesting that the pathogen is present in seawater.   All the  E. albertii  isolates, except one, were positive for the virulence factor  eae,  indicating that these isolates have  the potential to infect humans.

Germany – Reblochon fermier Reblochon Excellence farm production – STEC E.coli


Warning type: Food
Date of first publication: 08/20/2021
Product name:

Reblochon fermier Reblochon Excellence farm production

Manufacturer (distributor): Coopérative de Thônes France
Reason for warning:

Suspected contamination with undesirable bacteria (Escherichia coli Stec (gen stx and eae).

Packaging Unit: Counter goods
Durability: 08/31/2021
Lot identification:


Additional Information: Reference is made to the company’s customer information sheet attached.
Contact to the responsible authorities:

Press releases and information
title Attachment or web link
Customer information

Research – High Occurrence of Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli in Raw Meat-Based Diets for Companion Animals—A Public Health Issue


Feeding pets raw meat-based diets (RMBDs) is becoming increasingly popular but comes with a risk of pathogenic bacteria, including Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC). In humans, STEC may cause gastrointestinal illnesses, including diarrhea, hemorrhagic colitis (HC), and the hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). The aim of this study was to evaluate commercially available RMBDs with regard to the occurrence of STEC. Of 59 RMBD samples, 59% tested positive by real-time PCR for the presence of Shiga toxin genes stx1 and/or stx2. STECs were recovered from 41% of the 59 samples, and strains were subjected to serotyping and virulence gene profiling, using whole genome sequencing (WGS)-based methods. Of 28 strains, 29% carried stx2a or stx2d, which are linked to STEC with high pathogenic potential. Twenty different serotypes were identified, including STEC O26:H11, O91:H10, O91:H14, O145:H28, O146:H21, and O146:H28, which are within the most common non-O157 serogroups associated with human STEC-related illnesses worldwide. Considering the low infectious dose and potential severity of disease manifestations, the high occurrence of STEC in RMBDs poses an important health risk for persons handling raw pet food and persons with close contact to pets fed on RMBDs, and is of concern in the field of public health. View Full-Text

Research – Shiga Toxin-Producing Escherichia coli (STEC) and STEC-Associated Virulence Genes in Raw Ground Pork in Canada

Journal of Food Protection

Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157:H7/NM and some non-O157 STEC are foodborne pathogens. In response to pork-associated O157 STEC outbreaks in Canada, we investigated the occurrence of STEC in Canadian retail raw ground pork during the period of November 1, 2014 and March 31, 2016. Isolated STEC were characterized to determine the Shiga-toxin gene ( stx ) subtype and the presence of virulence genes encoding intimin ( eae ), and enterohemorrhagic E. coli hemolysin (hlyA) . O157 STEC and non-O157 STEC were isolated from 0.11% (1/879) and 2.24% (13/580) of the pork samples. STEC virulence gene profiles containing both eae and hlyA were found only in the O157 STEC ( stx 2a , eae , hlyA ) isolate. The eae gene was absent from all non-O157 STEC isolates. Of the 13 non-O157 STEC isolates, two virulence genes of stx 1a and hlyA were found in four (30.8%) O91:H14 STEC isolates, while one virulence gene of stx 2e, stx 1a , and stx 2a was identified in five (38.5%), two (15.4%) and one (7.7%) STEC isolates respectively of various serotypes. The remaining non-O157 STEC isolate carried stx 2 , but the subtype is unknown as this isolate could not be recovered for sequencing. O91:H14 STEC ( stx 1a, hlyA ) was previously reported in association with diarrhea illnesses, while the other non-O157 STEC isolates identified in this study are not known to be associated with severe human illnesses. Virulence gene profiles identified in this study indicate that the occurrence of non-O157 STEC capable of causing severe human illness is rare in Canadian retail pork. However, O157 STEC in ground pork can occasionally occur, therefore education regarding the potential risks associated with STEC contamination of pork would be beneficial for the public and those in the food industry in order to help reduce foodborne illnesses.

Research – Genetic diversity and pathogenic potential of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) derived from German flour

Science Direct


Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) can cause severe human illness, which are frequently linked to the consumption of contaminated beef or dairy products. However, recent outbreaks associated with contaminated flour and undercooked dough in the United States and Canada, highlight the potential of plant based food as transmission routes for STEC. In Germany STEC has been isolated from flour, but no cases of illness have been linked to flour.

In this study, we characterized 123 STEC strains isolated from flour and flour products collected between 2015 and 2019 across Germany. In addition to determination of serotype and Shiga toxin subtype, whole genome sequencing (WGS) was used for isolates collected in 2018 to determine phylogenetic relationships, sequence type (ST), and virulence-associated genes (VAGs).

We found a high diversity of serotypes including those frequently associated with human illness and outbreaks, such as O157:H7 (stx2c/d, eae), O145:H28 (stx2a, eae), O146:H28 (stx2b), and O103:H2 (stx1a, eae). Serotypes O187:H28 (ST200, stx2g) and O154:H31 (ST1892, stx1d) were most prevalent, but are rarely linked to human cases. However, WGS analysis revealed that these strains, as well as, O156:H25 (ST300, stx1a) harbour high numbers of VAGs, including eae, nleB and est1a/sta1.

Although STEC-contaminated flour products have yet not been epidemiologically linked to human clinical cases in Germany, this study revealed that flour can serve as a vector for STEC strains with a high pathogenic potential. Further investigation is needed to determine the sources of STEC contamination in flour and flour products particularly in regards to these rare serotypes.

RASFF Alerts – STEC E.coli -Chilled Lamb Meat – Chilled Lamb Chops



shigatoxin-producing Escherichia coli (stx2+, eae+, /25g) in chilled lamb meat from New Zealand in Italy


shigatoxin-producing Escherichia coli (stx1 + stx2 /25g) in chilled lamb chops from Belgium in the Netherlands