Category Archives: scombroid poisoning

USA – Is Truong Phu Xanh Yellowfin Tuna Linked to Scombrotoxin Outbreak?

Food Poisoning Bulletin

The FDA has released a notice about their investigation of Scombrotoxin fish poisoning that is linked to yellowfin tuna. As a result of this investigation, the government has placed Truong Phu Xanh Company of Vietnam on Import Alert, so the FDA field staff can detain the product without physical examination. This fish cannot enter the US unless the importer proves it meets U.S. food safety standards.

FDA

USA -Scombroid Poisoning Associated with All Water Seafood in Seattle, WA

Food Poisoning Bulletin

An outbreak of scombroid poisoning is associated with All Water Seafood & Oyster Bar, located in the Loews Hotel 1000, at 1001 1st Avenue in Seattle, Washington. Three people are sick in this outbreak. They ate tuna at that restaurant on November 4, 2019; all patients are from one party. No one has been hospitalized.

Research – Effect of Vacuum Packaging on Histamine Production in Japanese Spanish Mackerel (Scomberomorus niphonius) Stored at Various Temperatures

Journal of Food Protection

ABSTRACT

The effect of polyethylene packaging (PEP) in air cushion and vacuum packaging (VP) on histamine related to the quality of Japanese Spanish mackerel (JS mackerel) was studied with samples stored at −20, 4, 15, and 25°C. The aerobic plate count (APC), total volatile basic nitrogen (TVBN), and histamine concentrations of the PEP and VP samples stored at 25°C increased as the storage time continued. The PEP and VP samples stored at temperatures below 15°C showed lower levels of APC, TVBN, and histamine, with VP samples having considerably lower levels of APC, TVBN, and histamine than PEP samples. For the frozen JS mackerel stored at −20°C for 2 months and then thawed and stored at 25°C, the VP treatment delayed the increases of TVBN and histamine longer than did the PEP treatment. Thus, the storage of VP JS mackerel at temperatures below 4°C could prevent quality deterioration and extend shelf life.

HIGHLIGHTS
  • Lower APC, TVBN, and histamine were found in VP samples than PEP samples.

  • VP delayed TVBN, and histamine increased at 25°C in thawed JS mackerel.

  • VP JS mackerel below 4°C prevented quality deterioration and extended shelf life.

USA -Mical Seafood Inc. Voluntarily Expands Tuna Recall for Possible Scombroid Poisoning

FDA

Mical Seafood, Inc. of Cooper City, FL, has voluntarily initiated an expanded recall of frozen, wild-caught yellowfin Tuna Loins, Tuna Poke, Tuna Steaks, Tuna Ground Meat, and Tuna Saku (products of Vietnam) due to potentially elevated levels of histamine. Elevated levels of histamines can produce an allergic reaction called scombroid fish poisoning that may result in symptoms that can generally appear within minutes to several hours after eating the affected fish.

The most common symptoms of histamine or scombroid fish poisoning are tingling or burning sensation in the mouth, facial swelling, rash, hives and itchy skin, nausea, vomiting or diarrhea; these symptoms usually resolve within several hours without medical intervention. However, each individual may experience symptoms differently. If symptoms are severe an individual should seek immediate medical attention for treatment.

These tuna products were wholesaled to customers in: AL, CA, FL, GA, ID, IL, IN, LA, MA, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NJ, NV, NY, PA, RI, TX, UT, VA and WI.

ALL LOTS WITH PRODUCTION DATES: 04/01/2019 TO 05/31/2019

Production dates can be found on the ends of the Mical Brand master cases. These dates are stamped on to the masters as they are produced.

BRAND

DESCRIPTION

PACK

ORIGIN

Mical Seafood Tuna Loins AAA 3-5LB IVP 30 LB Vietnam
Mical Seafood Tuna Loins AAA 5-8LB IVP 30 LB Vietnam
Mical Seafood Tuna Poke AAA 1.5 cm IVP 10 LB Vietnam
Mical Seafood Tuna Poke AAA 2cm IVP 10 LB Vietnam
Mical Seafood Tuna Steaks AAA 4oz, 6oz, 8oz, 10oz IVP 10 LB Vietnam
Mical Seafood Tuna Steaks AA 4oz, 6oz, 8oz, 10oz IVP 10 LB Vietnam
Mical Seafood Tuna Ground Meat AAA IVP 10 LB Vietnam
Mical Seafood Tuna Saku AAA 8-12oz IVP 10 LB Vietnam
Mical Seafood Tuna Saku AAA 12-16oz IVP 10 LB Vietnam

Customers who received products with the listed Production Dates of: 04/01/2019 to 05/31/2019 should not consume them. Inventory should be quarantined until returned to the supplier or to Mical Seafood, Inc.

Customers with questions or concerns may contact the company’s Recall Team: (Jennifer Gonzalez or Margarita Alzugaray) by calling (954) 935-0133, Monday through Friday, 8 a.m. to 5 p.m., Eastern Time.

Link to Original Recall

USA – Four Sick with Scombroid After Eating Mical Seafood Tuna Products

Food Poisoning Bulletin

Four people are sick since 10/01/2019 with scombroid poisoning after eating Mical Seafood tuna. The company is voluntarily recalling frozen, wild-caught yellowfin tuna poke cubes, tuna loins, tuna ground meat, and 6 ounce tuna steaks because they may have elevated histamine levels. This is the third time in about the last month that yellowfin tuna products have been associated with scombroid poisoning.

USA – Mical Seafood Inc Recalls Tuna Products for Possible Scombroid Poisoning

FDA

Company Announcement

Mical Seafood, Inc. of Cooper City, FL, voluntarily initiated a recall of frozen, wild-caught yellowfin tuna poke cubes, tuna loins, tuna ground meat and 6oz tuna steaks because of potentially elevated levels of histamine. Elevated levels of histamines can produce an allergic reaction called scombroid fish poisoning that may result in symptoms that can generally appear within minutes to several hours after eating the affected fish.

The most common symptoms of histamine or scombroid fish poisoning are tingling or burning sensation in the mouth, facial swelling, rash, hives and itchy skin, nausea, vomiting or diarrhea; these symptoms usually resolve within several hours without medical intervention. However, each individual may experience symptoms differently. If symptoms are severe an individual should seek immediate medical attention for treatment.

These tuna products were sold to customers in Maryland, Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, Florida, Texas, Alabama, North Carolina, California Michigan, Rhode Island, U.S. Virgin Islands, Sint Maarten and Grand Cayman.

The tuna products have production dates between 04/02/2019 to 05/14/2019.

Product Name

Brand

Size

Lot Number

Production Date

Tuna Poke 2cm AAA IVP Mical Seafood 10lb 23910 04/09/2019
Tuna Poke 2cm AAA IVP Mical Seafood 10lb 24046 04/20/2019
Tuna Poke 2cm AAA IVP Mical Seafood 10lb 25324 04/27/2019
Tuna Loins 5-8lb AAA IVP Mical Seafood 30lb 20799 04/02/2019
Tuna Loins 5-8lb AAA IVP Mical Seafood 30lb 24037 04/09/2019
Tuna Loins 5-8lb AAA IVP Mical Seafood 30lb 24279 04/24/2019
Tuna Loins 5-8lb AAA IVP Mical Seafood 30lb 23020 05/10/2019
Tuna Ground Meat AAA IVP Mical Seafood 10lb 25694 05/14/2019
Tuna Steaks 6z AA IVP Mical Seafood 10lb 23906 04/20/2019

Four reported illnesses have been confirmed as of 10/01/2019. While Mical Seafood feels these were isolated incidents, it has initiated this voluntary recall to take every precautionary measure when it comes to customers’ health and safety.

Customers who received products from Lot # 23910, 24046, 25324, 20799, 24037, 24279, 23020. 25694, and 23906 with Production Dates of: 04/02/2019, 4/09/2019, 04/20/2019, 04/24/2019, 04/27/2019, 05/10/2019 and 05/14/2019 should not consume them. Inventory should be quarantined until returned to the supplier or to Mical Seafood, Inc. for a full refund.

Customers with questions or concerns may contact the company’s Recall Team: (Jennifer Gonzalez or Margarita Alzugaray) by calling (954) 935-0133, Monday through Friday, 8 a.m. to 5 p.m., Eastern Time.

USA – FDA Advises Consumers Not to Eat Yellowfin Tuna Steaks from Kroger Retail Stores in Multiple States

FDA

Audience

  • Consumers who recently experienced symptoms of scombroid poisoning after eating yellowfin tuna steaks.
  • Consumers who purchased yellowfin tuna steaks from Kroger retail stores in AL, AR, GA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MI, MO, MS, NE, OH, SC, TN, VA and WV with sell by dates from August 29, 2019 to September 14, 2019.

Product

  • Yellowfin tuna steaks sold at Kroger retail stores in AL, AR, GA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MI, MO, MS, NE, OH, SC, TN, VA and WV with sell by dates from August 29, 2019 and September 14, 2019. The product may be sold as raw yellowfin tuna steaks at the seafood counter or seasoned in store-prepped Styrofoam trays.

Purpose

The FDA is advising consumers to not eat yellowfin tuna steaks from the seafood counter or seasoned yellowfin tuna steaks in store-prepped Styrofoam trays from Kroger retail stores in AL, AR, GA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MI, MO, MS, NE, OH, SC, TN, VA and WV with sell by dates from August 29, 2019 and September 14, 2019 because they may cause scombroid poisoning. Consumers of these products who are experiencing symptoms of scombroid poisoning should contact their healthcare provider. Consumers of these products who have recently experienced symptoms of scombroid poisoning should report their symptoms to their local Health Department.

Symptoms of Scombroid Poisoning

Scombroid poisoning is caused by eating fish that has not been properly refrigerated or preserved and therefore contains high levels of histamine. Scombroid poisoning is most commonly caused by fish that have naturally high levels of the amino acid histidine, which bacteria convert to histamine when the fish is not correctly stored.

Scombroid symptoms usually develop within a few minutes to an hour after eating contaminated fish. They usually resemble an allergic reaction, such as flushing of the face, headache, heart palpitations, itching, blurred vision, cramps, and diarrhea. Symptoms can be treated with antihistamines. Even without treatment, people usually get better within 12 hours.

If you suspect you have symptoms of scombroid poisoning, contact a health professional.

Summary of Problem and Scope

On September 4, 2019, the FDA became aware of multiple scombroid poisoning cases in individuals who consumed tuna steaks purchased from three separate Kroger retail locations in Ohio.  On September 5, 2019, Kroger agreed to remove all yellowfin tuna steaks from their stores in AL, AR, GA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MI, MO, MS, NE, OH, SC, TN, VA and WV as well as  begin notifying consumers who had purchased this product to dispose of or return the product to the store.

The FDA is also working with the distributor to remove any additional product from the market.

Recommendations for Consumers

Consumers who have symptoms of scombroid poisoning should contact their health care provider to report their symptoms and receive care.

To report a complaint or adverse event (illness or serious allergic reaction), you can

Visit www.fda.gov/fcic for additional consumer and industry assistance.

FDA Actions

The FDA will continue to work with Kroger, the distributor, and state and local partners to remove all contaminated product from the market.