Category Archives: Yessotoxin

Information – How to Report Seafood-Related Toxin and Scombrotoxin Fish Poisoning Illnesses

FDA

To help FDA effectively investigate, remove unsafe seafood products from the market, and develop new prevention strategies, the FDA relies on illness reporting from public health officials and healthcare providers. While most foodborne outbreaks are tracked through the FDA’s Coordinated Outbreak Response and Evaluation (CORE) network, seafood-related illnesses caused by natural toxins have a unique reporting mechanism. This web page provides information on commonly occurring seafood-related illnesses and how to report them to the FDA.  To report an illness from raw bivalve molluscan shellfish, email the FDA at shellfishepi@fda.hhs.gov.

The FDA receives reports of illnesses associated with the consumption of specific types of fish. These illnesses may originate from the activity of certain bacteria, toxins produced by marine algae, or hazards inherent in the fish.

Commonly occurring illness:

Illness and reporting information for the commonly occurring illnesses are provided in each section. Contact the FDA with any questions or need for clarification of the illness or reporting.

In addition to the illnesses listed above, reporting of other less frequently occurring illnesses from natural toxins may be accomplished by emailing the FDA at Seafood.Illness@fda.hhs.gov.  Refer to Chapter 6 of the “Fish and Fishery Products Hazards and Controls Guidance” for a comprehensive list of natural toxin illnesses. To report illnesses related to miscellaneous natural toxin illnesses, please email FDA at Seafood.Illness@fda.hhs.gov.

The FDA works with first responders, physicians, and state and local health departments to investigate illnesses and outbreaks, manage them, and learn how to lessen future occurrences.

Hong Kong – CFS urges public not to consume a kind of chilled razor clams imported from Scotland suspected to be contaminated with lipophilic marine biotoxins

CFS

The Centre for Food Safety (CFS) of the Food and Environmental Hygiene Department today (October 4) urged the public not to consume a kind of chilled razor clams imported from Scotland due to possible contamination with lipophilic marine biotoxins. The trade should stop using or selling the product concerned if they possess it.

Details of the product are as follows:

Product name: Razor Clams
Brand: Lochleven Shellfish
Place of origin: Scotland
Importer: Longfine Seafood Trading Company Limited

A spokesman for the CFS said, “The CFS received a notification from the authorities concerned in Scotland through the International Food Safety Authorities Network (INFOSAN) that the above-mentioned product might have been contaminated with lipophilic marine biotoxins. According to the information provided by INFOSAN, the affected product has been imported into Hong Kong. Upon learning of the incident, the CFS immediately contacted the local importer concerned for follow-up.”

A preliminary investigation found that the above-mentioned importer had imported some of the affected product into Hong Kong. For the sake of prudence, the CFS has instructed the importer to stop sale and remove from shelves the affected batch of product and initiate a recall. Enquiries about the recall can be made to the importer’s hotline at 2387 2388 during office hours.

“Lipophilic marine biotoxins are a group of fat-soluble shellfish poisoning toxins which may cause symptoms such as diarrhoea, nausea and vomiting. In general, they are heat-stable and cannot be destroyed by cooking.” the spokesman said.

The spokesman urged consumers not to consume the affected product if they have bought any. The trade should also stop using or selling the product concerned immediately if they possess it.

The CFS will alert the trade to the incident, continue to follow up and take appropriate action. An investigation is ongoing.

RASFF Alert – LIPOPHILIC BIOTOXINS – LIVE SLIPPER CLAM (VENERUPIS CORRUGATA)

RASFF

HIGH LEVELS OF LIPOPHILIC BIOTOXINS IN LIVE SLIPPER CLAM (VENERUPIS CORRUGATA) FROM PORTUGAL in Spain

RASFF Alert – Marine Biotoxin – Live Slipper Clams

RASFF

HIGH LEVELS OF LIPOPHILIC BIOTOXINS IN LIVE SLIPPER CLAM (VENERUPIS CORRUGATA) FROM PORTUGAL in Spain

Lipophilic marine biotoxins include okadaic acid, pectenotoxin, yessotoxin and azaspiracid groups.

European Alerts – Salmonella – Yessotoxin

RASFF – Salmonella in Rump Beef Meat in Italy sourced in Poland

RASFFYessotoxin in Mussels in Italy (Other Link BBB) Planktonic Algae (Dinoflagellates)