Category Archives: Water

Ireland – Limerick boil water notice may be in place until December – Cryptosporidium

Live95 FM

Councillors found out today that the boil water notice affecting 7000 customers in Limerick may be in place until December.

In the first fifteen minutes of today’s Limerick City and County Council meeting, two councillors walked out in protest. 

Councillor Adam Teskey and Councillor Emmet O’Brien wanted to discuss the boil water notice, which came into force last week.

The notice affects people in Askeaton, Foynes, Ballyhahill, Kildimo, Pallaskenry and surrounding areas.

Speaking to Live 95 just after they left the chamber, Cllr Teskey said the cryptosporidium in the water is a major health concern.

India – 135 people hospitalised in Malappuram after showing symptoms of food poisoning

The Hindu

As many as 135 people who attended a wedding at Kalady near Tavanur in Malappuram district on Wednesday were hospitalised after they developed symptoms of food poisoning.

Many of them are children. They were admitted to different hospitals at Edappal and neighbouring places with diarrhea, vomiting, and fever. Health officials said none was critical.

While 69 people from Thuruvanam island near Maranchery, who accompanied the bride to the party at the groom’s house at Kalady, fell sick, 66 of those who suffered food poisoning were from Kalady panchayat.

Health officials examined the premises where food poisoning was suspected and said it could have been caused by the water used during the function.

Ireland – 7,000 consumers affected by Limerick water supply boil notice – Cryptosporidium

Limerick Post

A BOIL water notice affecting 7,000 consumers served by the Foynes/Shannon Estuary Public Water Supply has been issued by Uisce Éireann after cryptosporidium was found in the treatment plant.

The notice, which was issued  following consultation with the Health Service Executive (HSE), affects customers in Askeaton, Foynes, Ballyhahill, Loghill, Ballysteen, Pallaskenry, Kildimo and Shanagolden and surrounding areas.

All consumers affected by the notice must boil their water before drinking, preparing uncooked food, brushing teeth and making ice.

Operations Lead Duane O’Brien said Uisce Éireann acknowledged the impact of the notice on the communities affected and regrets the inconvenience to impacted customers.

Canada – Critter Barn in Zeeland voluntarily closing for week after parasite outbreak

Holland Sentinel

ZEELAND — Critter Barn in Zeeland is voluntarily closing for the week in response to an outbreak of a parasite, the nonprofit announced Tuesday, May 2.

More: Parasite infects three Critter Barn volunteers

Critter Barn at 2950 80th Ave. will clean, scrub and disinfect its farm as an extra measure of precaution, it wrote, expecting to reopen Tuesday, May 9.

The Ottawa County Department of Public Health told WOOD TV-8 on Friday, April 28, there have been eight confirmed cases and three probable cases of Cryptosporidium, a parasite commonly found in water and near farm animals, traced back to Critter Barn. No one has been hospitalized, according to the health department.

Kenya – Mukumu girls deaths linked to E.coli, Salmonella from contaminated water


Three students and a teacher at Sacred Heart Mukumu Girls in Kakamega died as a result of contaminated water.

The Ministry of Health Friday said preliminary findings had revealed E. coli and Salmonella typhi, a bacterium that is responsible for typhoid fever as the causes of the illness initially suspected to be cholera.

“The Ministry wishes to inform the general public that this disease is likely to be a mixture of E. coli and Salmonella typhi which usually occurs if water sources are contaminated with these micro-organisms” Ag. Director General for Health Dr. Patrick Amoth said.

A comprehensive investigation is however underway even as the top health official ruled out aflatoxin.

Several learning institutions including, Mukumu Girls and Butere Boys in Kamamega and the latest being Mukuuni Boys High School in Chuka, Tharaka Nithi County have been closed after students were taken ill.

“The Ministry of Health has taken several water, food, and human tissue samples, from which preliminary laboratory investigations undertaken have revealed Enterotoxigenic E. coli and Salmonella typhi as the causes of the illness,” he said

“Further laboratory investigations carried out on the grains and pulses for aflatoxin have turned negative for aflatoxicosis- a dangerous fungal infection from poorly stored cereal grains” he added.

Nigeria – 79 died from 1,336 cases of cholera: NCDC


The Nigeria Centre for Disease and Prevention Control (NCDC) has registered 79 deaths and a total of 1,336 suspected cases of cholera in the country so far in 2023.

The NCDC, via its official website, said this in its latest cholera situation epidemiological report.

Cholera is an acute diarrheal illness caused by infection of the intestine with Vibrio cholera bacteria.

People can get sick when they swallow food or water contaminated with cholera bacteria. The infection is often mild or without symptoms but can sometimes be severe and life-threatening.

The agency said 12 states across 43 local government areas reported the suspected cases, with a case fatality ratio of 5.9 per cent.

Research – Montana Raw Water Campylobacter Outbreak Linked to Bird’s Nest

Food Poisoning Bulletin

A Montana raw water Campylobacter outbreak in 2022 has been linked to a bird’s nest in a concrete cache from Kennedy Creek, according to ARS Technica. Nineteen people were sickened in that outbreak, and one person was hospitalized.

New Zealand – Dannevirke water supply on boil water notice due to E.coli


Tararua District Council has issued a boil water notice for residents on the Dannevirke water supply due to a detection of E.coli.

A council spokesperson said the boil water notice would continue for three days while further testing is under way.

The council is testing in partnership with Taumata Arowai to ensure testing is accurate and done as quickly as possible.

An update would be provided on April 27, the spokesperson said.

Traveling to Mexico? Here’s how to avoid food poisoning on vacation.

Food Poisoning News

The inexpensive food and delicious smells often tempt travelers to purchase food from the numerous street vendors. Before indulging, however, it is recommended to be vigilant of how ingredients are stored and how the raw meats are handled. Food that is cooked in front of the customer, rather than appearing to be pre-cooked, is a much safer option. When food, even if cooked, is left at room temperature too long, the dangers of cross-contamination and bacterial growth are much higher.

An easy rule to follow is also simply trusting your instincts and avoiding vendors whose food carts are untidy or produce rotten odors. Look for hand-sinks, access to water, or refrigeration units.

Ceviche is also a very common dish in Mexico. Raw fish is exponentially more likely to be contaminated than cooked fish, especially if it is not stored correctly. Travelers should be especially wary of eating ceviche in an area that is farther away from the coast where the fish have to be stored for longer periods of time.  In addition, all ceviche stands should have refrigeration units or copious amounts of ice.

Mexico also has a long history of unsafe drinking water – often the source of “traveler’s diarrhea.” It is generally recommended to not drink water straight from the tap or to use ice cubes made from tap water. Even if the water is purified at the source, the pipes that the water passes through may not be sanitary. Caution should also be exercised when purchasing fruit juices or horchata made with ap water.  Recommendation? Stay hydrated by drinking bottled drinks.

Travelers to Mexico will have a more enjoyable trip if they make wise and informed choices regarding the food they consume. But don’t leave home without anti-diarrheal medicine!

Research – Heterotrophic Plate Count Can Predict the Presence of Legionella spp. in Cooling Towers



Legionella pneumophila (Lp) colonizes aquatic environments and is a potential pathogen to humans, causing outbreaks of Legionnaire’s disease. It is mainly associated with contaminated cooling towers (CTs). Several regulations, including Spanish legislation (Sl), have introduced the analysis of heterotrophic plate count (HPC) bacteria and Legionella spp. (Lsp) in management plans to prevent and control Legionella outbreaks from CTs. The 2003 Sl for CTs (RD 865/2003) considered that concentrations of HPC bacteria ≤10,000 cfu/mL and of Lsp ≤100 cfu/L are safe; therefore, no action is required, whereas management actions should be implemented above these standards. We have investigated to what extent the proposed standard for HPC bacteria is useful to predict the presence of Lsp in cooling waters. For this, we analyzed Lsp and HPC concentrations, water temperature, and the levels of chlorine in 1376 water samples from 17 CTs. The results showed that in the 1138 water samples negative for Legionella spp. (LN), the HPC geometric mean was significantly lower (83 cfu/mL, p < 0.05) than in the positive Lsp. samples (135 cfu/mL). Of the 238 (17.3%) LP samples, 88.4% (210/238) were associated with values of HPC ≤10,000 cfu/mL and most of them showed HPC concentrations ≤100 (53.7%). In addition, a relatively low percentage of LP (28/238, 11.6%) samples were associated with HPC bacteria concentrations >10,000 cfu/mL, indicating that this standard does not predict the colonization risk for Legionella in the CTs studied. The present study has demonstrated that a threshold concentration ≤100 cfu/mL of HPC bacteria could better predict the higher concentration of Legionella in CTs, which will aid in preventing possible outbreaks.