Category Archives: Cyclospora

USA – Fresh Organic Basil Recalled Over Cyclospora Contamination Concerns

Consumer Reports

Cyclospora_LifeCycle201

Shenandoah Growers has recalled 3,240 units of fresh-cut, packaged organic basil because it may be contaminated with the parasite cyclospora.

The problem was found when a sample of the basil, which was imported from Columbia, was found to contain the parasite during a Food and Drug Administration routine test. No illnesses have been reported.

USA Research – Sources and prevalence of Cyclospora cayetanensis in Southeastern US water sources and growing environments

Centre For Produce Safety

Summary

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In 2018, a domestic-produce associated cyclosporiasis outbreak and the first Cyclospora detection on domestic produce demonstrated the need for a better understanding of Cyclospora prevalence in US produce growing environments. The Southeastern Coastal Plain growing region has several risk factors that warrant the evaluation of Cyclospora prevalence, including a farm worker population from Cyclospora-endemic areas, use of surface water for irrigation, and heavy rainfall that could transport Cyclospora into surface waters. The proposed study will assess Cyclospora prevalence in this region through two Georgia industry partners representing growing practices across the southeastern US. Human sewage samples from municipal wastewater influents and on-farm portable toilets will be tested to assess Cyclospora shedding in the region and on-farm, respectively. Cyclospora prevalence in the agricultural environment will be assessed in irrigation water and on produce (via a proxy measurement). Using newly developed tools, Cyclospora contamination found will be traced through the produce growing process by genetic typing to match detections between samples and by assessing parasite’s maturation state to approximate time since shedding. This study will add to the understanding of Cyclospora contamination in US produce growing environments and provide information about contamination routes to produce within the Southeastern US.

Technical Abstract

The increased frequency of produce-associated cyclosporiasis outbreaks highlights Cyclospora cayetanensis as an important emerging foodborne pathogen. Most produce associated cyclosporiasis outbreaks have implicated produce grown in areas where the disease is endemic. However, the 2018 detection of C. cayetanensis on US-grown produce and a cyclosporiasis outbreak associated with US-grown produce highlights the need for a better understanding of C. cayetanensis prevalence in US
agricultural environments and of the risks of oocyst contamination to domestically grown produce. The aims of the current study are to assess C. cayetanensis prevalence in irrigation water, harvested produce (via spent packing house water as a proxy), on-farm portable toilets, and municipal wastewater influents in the Southeastern Coastal Plain growing region in Georgia. Georgia vegetable growers produce a wide variety of ready-to-eat produce and utilize well water- and surface water-fed irrigation water holding ponds for produce irrigation, similar to other large agricultural regions in the US. Georgia growing regions are also subject to heavy rainfalls, which we have shown contributes to human fecal contamination of irrigation ponds in the region. Additionally, a majority of the farm workers harvesting
produce are from Cyclospora-endemic regions, representing a potential shedding source C. cayetanensis oocysts.

C. cayetanensis prevalence in the agricultural environment will be assessed by analyzing large-volume (50 L) irrigation water samples on eight farms monthly during non-harvesting periods and twice a month during harvest. At most, one additional irrigation water sample will be collected per month following heavy rainfall. The prevalence of C. cayetanensis from harvested produce will be assessed by analyzing large-volume (up to 50 L) of spent rinse and wash water from packing houses as a proxy measurement. Generic Escherichia coli and the human-specific Bacteroides HF183 fecal marker will be assessed to evaluate the overall and human-specific fecal contamination, respectively, in the water samples. Human sewage samples from municipal wastewater influents and on-farm portable toilets will be analyzed to assess the prevalence of C. cayetanensis shedding in the region generally and on the farm environment, respectively. C. cayetanensis detections will be subsequently analyzed to determine the genotype and sporulation state of detected oocysts, in order to estimate oocyst maturation level and compare the genetic relatedness of oocysts detected in various sample matrices. The typing information will allow for C. cayetanensis contamination to be traced through the growing process. The maturation data will allow for an estimate of the time spent in the environment after shedding from the human host and of potential health risks associated with consumption of contaminated produce, as maturation state determines infectivity of the parasite.

Data from this project will aid in the understanding of the domestic prevalence of C. cayetanensis in agricultural environments and provide the information needed to begin answering questions related to domestic C. cayetanensis produce contamination risks and identify best practices for risk reduction. Additionally, the evaluation of the human-specific fecal marker can provide insight into how Georgia vegetable growing practices are potentially preventing environmental and produce contamination.

USA – Shenandoah Growers, Inc Issues a Limited, Voluntary Recall of Specific Imported Organic Basil Because of Potential Health Risk – Cyclosporiasis

FDA

Company Announcement

Shenandoah Growers, Inc (Harrisonburg, VA) out of an abundance of caution, has issued a limited, voluntary recall of approximately 3240 units of branded fresh cut, packaged organic basil clamshells packed at its Indianapolis, Indiana location due to a possible health risk from Cyclospora.

Cyclosporiasis is an intestinal infection caused by the Cyclospora parasite. A person may become infected after ingesting contaminated food or water. Common symptoms include severe abdominal pain, watery diarrhea, nausea and vomiting, body aches and fatigue. The infection is treated with antibiotics and most people respond quickly to treatment.

Only the following specific lot codes are affected:

PV40515 1034     PV40515 3034     PV40515 4034     PV40515 3035

The affected product has a country of origin of Colombia and was harvested entirely from Puerto Vallarta Herbs SAS (Farm) and imported by Vallarta Organics LLC dba Organic Destiny (Importer).

Affected lot codes shipped:

Lot Code: Pack Date: Brand: Size: Location UPC:
PV40515 1034 2/3/2021 Shenandoah Growers by That’s Tasty 0.75 oz Indianapolis Fruit 7-68573-00101-4
PV40515 1034 2/3/2021 Shenandoah Growers by That’s Tasty 2.0 oz Indianapolis Fruit 7-68573-02143-2
PV40515 1034 2/3/2021 Shenandoah Growers by That’s Tasty 4.0 oz Indianapolis Fruit 7-68573-00141-0
PV40515 3034 2/3/2021 That’s Tasty (Pasta Blend) 0.5 oz Vine Line Produce 7-68573-52008-9
PV40515 3034 2/3/2021 That’s Tasty 0.5 oz Vine Line Produce 7-68573-50502-4
PV40515 3034 2/3/2021 Shenandoah Growers by That’s Tasty 4 oz Vine Line Produce Bulk N/A
PV40515 3034 2/3/2021 Shenandoah Growers by That’s Tasty 1 lb. Vine Line Produce Bulk N/A
PV40515 4034 2/3/2021 Simple Truth 3.0 oz Kroger 0-11110-00876-3
PV40515 1034 2/3/2021 That’s Tasty 0.25 oz J&J Distributing 7-68573-02515-7
PV40515 1034 2/3/2021 Shenandoah Growers by That’s Tasty 0.75 oz J&J Distributing 7-68573-00101-4
PV40515 3035 2/4/2021 That’s Tasty 3.0 oz Schnucks 7-68573-53001-9

Recalled products were distributed to select retail stores between 2/3/2021 to 2/4/2021 in the following states: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Ohio, Tennessee, and Wisconsin.

This recall notification is being issued due to a single instance in which a sample of bulk product was pulled at the port of entry in Miami and tested by the FDA as part of routine surveillance and indicated the potential presence of Cyclospora.

Affected Shenandoah Growers customers have been notified of the recall and instructed to immediately remove and discard recalled products from all store shelves, distribution and other inventories to ensure they are no longer available for sale or consumption.

The Shenandoah Growers recall includes only those clamshells of certified organic basil clearly marked with the affected lot codes listed above. The lot code can be found printed on each clamshell.

No other Shenandoah Growers products are subject to recall, and the company has no knowledge of any illness reported or related to this product to date.

Consumers who may have a recalled basil product should discard it immediately and not eat it. Consumers with questions, or to obtain refunds, may contact the Shenandoah Growers Consumer Response Center at 844-896-6939 Monday through Friday, 8 am to 5 pm EST.

Shenandoah Growers takes food safety matters very seriously, and stringently follows all mandated regulations and implements preventive measures designed to minimize potential risks. Shenandoah Growers is working in close coordination with regulatory officials, including the FDA, on this matter.

Company Contact Information

Shenandoah Growers Consumer Response Center
844-896-6939


Company Contact Information

Consumers:
Shenandoah Growers Consumer Response Center
 844-896-6939

USA – Organic Basil,15 bags – Cyclospora

FDA

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Product Description: Organic Basil,15 bags, Net. Wt.15Lbs case.

Reason for Recall:Possible contamination with Cyclospora

Product Quantity:280 boxes/4200 pounds

Recall Number:F-0185-2021

Code Information:Lot#LP814

Classification:Class II

Event Details

Event ID:86877

Voluntary / Mandated:

Voluntary: Firm initiated

Product Type:Food

Initial Firm Notification of Consignee or Public:Two or more of the following: Email, Fax, Letter, Press Release, Telephone, Visit

Status:Ongoing

Distribution Pattern:Distributed to direct accounts in VA and FL

Recalling Firm:Vallarta Organics LLC

1 S Prospect Dr
Coral Gables, FL 33133-7003
United States

Recall Initiation Date:11/27/2020

Center Classification Date:12/22/2020

USA – Shenandoah Growers issues voluntary recall of select organic basil -Cyclospora

The Packer

Shenandoah Growers, Harrisonburg, Va., has recalled about 15,000 units of organic basil in select packages, due to a possible health risk from Cyclospora.

The recall is limited and voluntary, according to a Food and Drug Administration news release.

These items were packed under branded and private label fresh-cut, USDA-certified organic basil clamshells at its Jefferson, Ga., facility and Harrisonburg facilities with 19 lot codes, all with the country of origin of Colombia.

Recalled products were distributed to retail stores between Oct. 20-30 in states including Georgia, Tennessee, Florida, Virginia, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Connecticut, Delaware, New Jersey, New York and Washington, D.C.

No other Shenandoah Growers products are subject to recall, and the company has no knowledge of any illness reported or related to this product, according to the release.

USA – Shenandoah Growers Inc Issues a Limited, Voluntary Recall of Certain Imported Organic Basil Because of Potential Health Risk – Cyclospora

FDA

Shenandoah Growers, Inc (Harrisonburg, VA) out of an abundance of caution, has issued a limited, voluntary recall of approximately 15,000 units in select packages, due to a possible health risk from Cyclospora.

These were packed under branded and private label fresh cut organic certified basil clamshells at its Jefferson, GA facility and Harrisonburg, VA facility with the following lot codes, all with the country of origin of Colombia. Recalled products were distributed to select retail stores between 10/20/2020 and 10/30/2020 in various states including Georgia, Tennessee, Florida, Virginia, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Connecticut, Delaware, New Jersey, New York, and Washington DC.

Affected lot codes:

LOT Number:

Brand:

Size:

UPC:

PV14334C296 The Fresh Market 0.5oz 7-37094-23027-2
PV64308E304 Good & Gather 0.5oz 0-85239-12215-0
PV64308C296 Naturally Better 0.5oz 6-07880-20230-4
PV64308A300 Naturally Better 0.5oz 6-07880-20230-4
PV64308D300 Naturally Better 0.5oz 6-07880-20230-4
PV14334E297 Nature’s Promise 4.0oz 6-88267-16220-6
PV14334E297 Nature’s Promise 2.5 oz 6-88267-54893-2
PV14334E297 Nature’s Promise 0.5oz 6-88267-19910-3
PV14334B296 Nature’s Promise 0.5oz 6-88267-19910-3
PV14334C297 O Organics 0.66oz 0-79893-98072-0
PV 14334E297 O Organics 4.0oz 0-79893-98081-2
PV64308B294 Simple Truth 3.0oz 0-11110-00876-3
PV64308D297 Simple Truth 3.0oz 0-11110-00876-3
PV64308E295 That’s Tasty 3.0oz 7-68573-53001-9
PV64308E296 That’s Tasty 2.0oz 7-68573-51510-8
PV64308A298 That’s Tasty 3.0oz 7-68573-53001-9
PV14334C296 Wild Harvest 0.25oz 7-11535-50450-4
PV14334C296 Wild Harvest 4.0oz 7-11535-50323-1
PV14334C296 Wild Harvest 2.0oz 7-11535-50762-8

The Shenandoah Growers recall includes only those clamshells of certified organic basil clearly marked with the affected lot codes listed above. The lot code can be found printed on each clamshell.

This precautionary recall notification is being issued due to an isolated instance in which a package pulled by the Florida Department of Agriculture on 11/2/2020 from a retail store in Florida indicated the potential presence of Cyclospora.

Affected Shenandoah Growers customers have been notified of the recall and instructed to immediately remove and discard recalled products from all store shelves, distribution and other inventories to ensure they are no longer available for sale or consumption.

These products were harvested and packed nearly 4 weeks ago and should no longer be in commerce.

Cyclosporiasis is an intestinal infection caused by the Cyclospora parasite. A person may become infected after ingesting contaminated food or water. Common symptoms include severe abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting, body aches and fatigue. The infection is treated with antibiotics and most people respond quickly to treatment.

No other Shenandoah Growers products are subject to recall, and the company has no knowledge of any illness reported or related to this product.

Consumers who may have a recalled basil product should discard it immediately and not eat it. Consumers with questions, or to obtain refunds, may contact the Shenandoah Growers Consumer Response Center at 844-896-6939 Monday through Friday, 8 am to 5 pm Eastern time.

Shenandoah Growers takes food safety matters very seriously, and stringently follows all mandated regulations and implements preventive measures designed to minimize potential risks. Shenandoah Growers is working in close coordination with regulatory officials, including the FDA, on this matter.


Company Contact Information

Consumers:
Shenandoah Growers Consumer Response Center
 844-896-6939
Media:
Don Helms
 dhelms@thatstasty.com

Product Photos

USA/Canada – Cyclospora sucks: 1060 North Americans sickened in summer Fresh Express outbreak

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Barf Blog

The parasite, Cyclospora, continues to provide illness and intrigue.

Florida-based Southeastern Grocers has issued a voluntary recall for its “SE Grocers Naturally Better Organic Fresh Cut Basil” following the detection of Cyclospora.

The company says the product was delivered through all of its distribution centers and sold in all its stores, including Winn-Dixie, BI-LO, Fresco y Más and Harveys Supermarkets. The basil comes in a 0.5-ounce container with UPC code 6-07880-20230-4.

The latest recall follows a summer outbreak of Cyclospora in the U.S. linked to Fresh Express and private label brand salad products produced at its Streamwood, IL facility that contain iceberg lettuce, red cabbage, and/or carrots.

690 people with laboratory-confirmed Cyclospora infections and who reported eating bagged salad mix before getting sick weren reported from 13 states (Georgia, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, and Wisconsin).

Illnesses started on dates ranging from May 11, 2020 to July 20, 2020.

37 people were hospitalized. No deaths were reported.

Canadians in several provinces were also sickened.

USA – 1071 sick with Cyclospora linked to Fresh Express bagged salad mix containing iceberg lettuce, carrots, and red cabbage

Food Poison Journal

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As of November 4, 2020, 370 confirmed cases of Cyclospora illness were reported in the following provinces and territories: British Columbia (1), Ontario (255), Quebec (105), New Brunswick (1), Newfoundland and Labrador (6), and Nunavut (2). Individuals became sick between mid-May and late August 2020. Ten individuals were hospitalized. No deaths were reported. Individuals who became ill were between 0 and 83 years of age. The illnesses are distributed equally among men (50%) and women (50%).

USA – Fresh Express Inc – Div of Chiquita Brands – FDA Warning Letter

FDA

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA ) inspected your bagged salad operation located at 1109 East Lake Street, Streamwood, IL 60107, from June 25, 2020 through July 23, 2020. The inspection was initiated as part of an investigation of a multistate foodborne outbreak of cyclosporiasis (human infections with the parasite Cyclospora cayetanensis). As of September 23, 2020, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported that at least 701 people from 14 states have been infected with Cyclospora cayetanensis. Based on epidemiological and traceback evidence, CDC and FDA have determined that bagged salad mixes containing iceberg lettuce, carrots, and red cabbage manufactured at your Streamwood, IL facility were the source of this multistate cyclosporiasis outbreak. On June 19, 2020, you recalled bagged salad mix containing iceberg lettuce, red cabbage, and carrots, because they had the potential to be contaminated with Cyclospora. The Public Health Agency of Canada is also investigating an outbreak of cyclosporiasis infections occurring in three Canadian provinces in which Fresh Express brand salad products containing iceberg lettuce, carrots, and red cabbage have been identified as the likely source of the outbreak. This is the second outbreak of cyclosporiasis linked to Fresh Express product. In 2018, a multistate foodborne outbreak of cyclosporiasis involving 511 confirmed cases from 15 states was linked to salads sold at a fast food restaurant and manufactured at your Streamwood, IL facility.

USA – Outbreak Investigation of Cyclospora: Bagged Salads (June 2020) CDC announces the end of the outbreak; FDA continues its investigation.

CDC

Investigation Update

September 25, 2020

As of September 25, 2020, CDC has announced this outbreak is over. FDA’s traceback investigation is complete, however the cause or source of the outbreak has not been determined. FDA’s investigation is continuing, in consultation with the state agriculture and regional water board.

FDA investigated multiple farms identified in the traceback, one of which led to sampling and investigation around a farm in south Florida. FDA continues to work with the state of Florida and the local water district to try to determine the source and impact of Cyclospora that was found in the regional water management canal (C-23), located west of Port St. Lucie, Florida. Given the emerging nature of genetic typing methodologies for this parasite in foods and in environmental samples, the FDA has been unable to determine if the Cyclospora detected in the canal is a genetic match to the clinical cases, therefore, there is currently not enough evidence to conclusively determine the source of this outbreak. However, the presence of Cyclospora in a canal that had previously supplied irrigation water in the region, and specifically to a farm identified in the traceback, suggests the need for a collaborative effort by state, federal and industry partners to better define the scope of the contamination and identify appropriate risk mitigation measures.

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