Research – Effect of UVC light-emitting diodes on pathogenic bacteria and quality attributes of chicken breast

Journal of Food Protection

This study aimed to investigate the inactivation of foodborne pathogens and the quality characteristics of fresh chicken breasts after Ultraviolet-C light-emitting diode (UVC-LED) treatment. Fresh chicken breasts were separately inoculated with Salmonella Typhimurium, Escherichia coli O157:H7, and Listeria monocytogenes at an initia population of 6.01, 5.80, and 6.22 log 10 CFU/cm 2 , respectively, then were treated by UVC-LED at 1000 to 4000 mJ/cm 2 . UVC-LED irradiation could inactivate the tested bacteria in a dose-dependent manner. After UVC-LED treatment at 4000 mJ/cm 2 , the populations of S . Typhimurium, E . coli O157:H7, and L . monocytogenes on chicken breasts were decreased by 1.90, 2.25, and 2.18 log 10 CFU/cm 2 , respectively. No significant ( P > 0.05) changes were found in the color, pH value, texture properties, and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) values of chicken breasts following the UVC-LED radiation at doses up to 4000 mJ/cm 2 . Overall, this study indicates that UVC-LED is a promising technology to reduce the number of microorganisms while maintaining the physico-chemical characteristics of poultry meat.

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