Category Archives: Shigella flexneri

Wales – Multi agency outbreak team investigating Abergavenny food poisoning incident

Abergavenny Chronicle

A food poisoning outbreak has plagued Abergavenny in recent weeks, with Public Health Wales confirming that there are 13 known cases of shigella infection within the area and a number suspected cases still being investigated.

The illness identified as shigella infection (shigellosis) is an intestinal infection caused by a family of bacteria known as shigella. The main symptom of shigella infection is diarrhoea. It is not life threatening, although in some cases it may result in hospitalisation, but symptoms usually clear up within four to five days.

A Public Health Wales spokesperson said: “Following an increase in reports of gastrointestinal illness in the Abergavenny area, Public Health Wales stood up a multiagency Outbreak Control Team with representation from Aneurin Bevan University Health Board, Monmouthshire County Council, and Powys County Council.

“We are investigating cases of shigella infection (shigellosis) associated with a single fast-food premises in the town. To date, we have identified 13 confirmed cases and a number of suspected cases are still being investigated. Appropriate public health measures have been undertaken including tracing contacts of those affected and offering testing for contacts with relevant symptoms.

Public Health Wales recommended that anyone who may be concerned about any symptoms they’re experiencing should contact 111 over the weekend and evening or contact their GP in-hours service during weekdays.

Research – Outbreak of Shigella sonnei in the EU/EEA and the United Kingdom among travellers returning from Cabo Verde


As of 16 February 2023, 10 EU/EEA countries and the UK reported and the US reported 221 confirmed Shigella sonnei infections and 37 possible cases, all with a link to Cabo Verde.

Information on possible ways of infection or common exposure have not yet been identified but investigations are ongoing in Cabo Verde. Multiple modes of transmission are plausible, and the most likely way is through food, including via infected food handlers. However, person-to-person transmission is also possible.

The S. sonnei strain in the current outbreak indicates predicted resistance to trimethoprim and streptomycin but in some cases, multidrug resistance has also been detected.

Based on the available information, many cases are reported to have stayed in all-inclusive hotels located in the region of Santa Maria on the island of Sal. The most recent cases were reported in Sweden on 19 January 2023, suggesting an ongoing moderate risk of new infections among travellers to Cabo Verde, particularly among those staying in the region of Santa Maria on the Island of Sal.

Shigellosis is a gastrointestinal infection caused by one of four species of Shigella bacteria: Shigella sonnei, S. flexneri, S. boydii and S. dysenteriae. Humans are the primary reservoirs for Shigella.

Shigellosis is caught by oral contact with material contaminated by faeces, either through direct person-to-person contact, via contaminated food or water, or via objects which have been in contact with faeces. The necessary dose for infection is small, which increases transmissibility.

Food-related outbreaks are often caused by infected food handlers, who contaminate ready-to-eat food items like salads. Waterborne infection can occur if drinking or recreational water is contaminated with faeces from an infected person.

Handwashing with soap and water is important, especially after using the toilet and before preparing or eating food. Additional care with food and drinking water when travelling abroad is also important. There is no vaccine currently available to prevent Shigella infection.

People with shigellosis should not attend school, handle food, or provide child or patient care whilst ill. Children under the age of five, food handlers, and healthcare staff should stay at home for 48 hours after their symptoms have ceased.

ECDC encourages public health authorities in the EU/EEA to increase awareness among healthcare professionals on the possibility of Shigella infections among people that recently travelled to Cabo Verde.

Together with WHO/Europe, ECDC is in regular contact with authorities in Cabo Verde to support investigations on the sources of infection and to increase awareness among healthcare professionals in the country.

Wales – Public Health Wales confirms food poisoning outbreak in Welsh town

Daily Post

Public Health Wales (PHW) has confirmed a food poisoning outbreak believed to have been caused by the shigella bacteria. The infection can cause diarrhoea, a fever, and stomach cramps.

The infection, called shigellosis, is not life-threatening but can result in hospitalisation. Symptoms typically begin one to two days after being infected by the virus and can last up to seven days.

The outbreak in Abergavenny is said to be linked to a restaurant in the town, Wales Online reports. One person claims their family and friends have been put through “horrendous sickness” as a result of contracting shigella on February 12.

Finland joins countries with travel-related Shigella cases

Food Safety News

Shigella - kswfoodworld

Image CDC

Finland is the latest country to report Shigella infections in people returning from Cape Verde.

The Finnish Institute of Health and Welfare (THL) recorded eight patients with shigellosis in November and December 2022, with a history of travel to Cape Verde.

Based on typing, the strains in five of these cases match those found in other European countries. Almost all Shigella infections found in Finland originate from abroad.

During 2022, more travel-related shigellosis cases than usual were recorded in several European countries. Patients are linked by trips to Cape Verde.

Related cases have been reported by the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, France, Germany, Denmark, and Portugal.

Argentina – What is Shigella: The criminal ‘rotten meat’ bacterium

Urgente 24

Such as urgent 24 As reported, the Municipality of Berazategui made official two deaths from salmonella and shigella batteries after eating offal and other types of meat in poor condition. The subjects aged 49 and 36, without pre-existing diseases, had acute diarrheal symptoms, which required admission to intensive care with mechanical ventilation, but “died in hospital on January 12 and 17.”

As for the shigella bacterium or bacillary dysentery, it is transmitted by the fecal-oral route, just like salmonella , or by direct contact with infected people. It is endemic in tropical climates, with a higher incidence in summer, in addition to generally presenting in institutions such as nursing homes and schools due to lack of hygiene measures or contagion through food and water.

Sweden reports dozens of Shigella infections linked to travel to Cape Verde

Outbreak News Today

Folkhalsomyndigheten, or Sweden’s Public Health Agency reports 30 cases of shigella infection with a travel connection to Cape Verde have been reported in Sweden since mid-November.

Among Swedish travelers, infections with other intestinal pathogens, for example EHEC, Campylobacter, Cryptosporidium and Giardia, have also been noted. Infection with Shigella in connection with trips to Cape Verde has been a recurring problem. This and the presence of various Shigella species and other intestinal pathogens suggest contamination via food.

Shigella bacteria are found in stool, and infection is spread by eating food or drinking liquids contaminated by an infected person, or when a person touches a contaminated surface or object and then touches their mouth or puts the object into their mouth. People infected with shigellosis typically experience a fever, abdominal cramps and diarrhea which may be bloody.

Onset of shigellosis symptoms usually occurs one to two days after exposure—but may take longer—and lasts around a week. Infected people can remain contagious up to six weeks after symptoms resolve.

Most people with shigellosis recover completely without severe complications. In rare cases Shigella may cause bloodstream infections, seizures, kidney failure or arthritis.

Research – Shigellosis – Annual Epidemiological Report for 2019


Shigellosis is a relatively uncommon disease in the EU/EEA, but remains of concern in some countries and certain population groups. For 2019, 30 EU/EEA countries reported 8 448 confirmed shigellosis cases.

The overall notification rate was 2.2 cases per 100 000 population, slightly higher than in 2018. The highest notification rate was observed in children below five years of age, followed by male adults aged 25–44 years. Sexual transmission of shigellosis among men who have sex with men (MSM) is thought to have contributed to the gender imbalance characterising the disease.

Click to access shigellosis-annual-epidemiological-report-2019.pdf

Israel – 48 people contract food poisoning at wedding hall operating without license – Shigella


Shigella - kswfoodworld

A total of 48 people have been admitted to the hospital on Monday suffering from severe food poisoning after attending a wedding on Saturday in an event hall operating without a license.

After attending a wedding in Zarzir in northern Israel earlier this week, multiple guests began experiencing symptoms of a form of food poisoning known as Shigella and were treated at Haemek Medical Center.

India – Food poisoning: Salmonella, Shigella found in shawarma samples

New Indian Express

THIRUVANANTHAPURAM: The food samples collected from the shawarma outlet at Cheruvathur had the presence of salmonella and shigella bacteria, Health Minister Veena George has said. The chicken shawarma samples had salmonella and shigella while the pepper powder had salmonella. These samples have been confirmed ‘unsafe’ as per the Food Safety Act. A 16-year-old schoolgirl died and 52 persons fell sick after having shawarma from a snacks bar at Cheruvathur recently.

The special drive of the Food Safety Department saw inspections on 349 premises across the state on Saturday. Action was taken against 32 outlets which did not have licence or registration. Notices were served on 119 institutions. Twenty-two kilograms of stale meat was seized. Thirty-two samples were sent for lab test.

Since May 2, 1,132 raids were conducted across the state. Action was taken against 142 outlets which lacked licence or registration. Notice was served on 466 establishments. One hundred and sixty-two kilograms of stale meat was seized and 125 samples were sent for lab test. A total of 6,035 kg of fish, either adulterated or stale, was destroyed. Four hundred and fifty eight outlets were raided as part of ‘Operation Jaggery’ drive, the minister said.

India – Food poisoning: E.Coli, Coliforms found in samples from snacks shop

New Indian Express

KASARGOD: The presence of e-Coli and coliform bacteria was found in the food samples taken from Ideal snacks bar at Cheruvathur, said an official source. The Department of Food Safety had sent the samples for testing at the Regional Analytical Laboratory in Kozhikode after a schoolgirl, who had shawarma from the eatery, died, and another 52 persons who ate from there fell sick.

The presence of the highly contagious shigella bacteria, which causes intestinal infection, was found in the blood and stool samples of the patients tested at Kozhikode Medical College Hospital.
The laboratory is now conducting tests on the food samples to ascertain the presence of shigella and salmonella, another bacteria that affect the intestinal tracts, said the source. Only after these two tests, the report would be officially released.