Research – The role of meat in foodborne disease: Is there a coming revolution in risk assessment and management?

Science Direct

Highlights

Risk-based approaches are important for ensuring meat safety.

Advances in pathogen typing allows for determination of contamination pathways.

Omics tools have great potential to redefine microbial foodborne hazards in meat.

New tools will provide greater knowledge for more robust risk-based management.

Meat has featured prominently as a source of foodborne disease and a public health concern. For about the past 20 years the risk management paradigm has dominated international thinking about food safety. Control through the supply chain is supported by risk management concepts, as the public health risk at the point of consumption becomes the accepted outcome based measure. Foodborne pathogens can be detected at several points in the supply chain and determining the source of where these pathogens arise and how they behave throughout meat production and processing are important parts of risk based approaches. Recent improvements in molecular and genetic based technologies and data analysis for investigating source attribution and pathogen behaviour have enabled greater insights into how foodborne outbreaks occur and where controls can be implemented. These new approaches will improve our understanding of the role of meat in foodborne disease and are expected to have a significant impact on our understanding in the next few years.

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