In recent years nontyphoidal Salmonella has emerged as one of the pathogens most frequently isolated from the bloodstream in humans. Only a small group of Salmonella serovars cause this systemic infection, known as invasive nontyphoidal salmonellosis. Here, we present a focused minireview on Salmonella enterica serovar Panama, a serovar responsible for invasive salmonellosis worldwide. S. Panama has been linked with infection of extraintestinal sites in humans, causing septicemia, meningitis, and osteomyelitis. The clinical picture is often complicated by antimicrobial resistance and has been associated with a large repertoire of transmission vehicles, including human feces and breast milk. Nonhuman sources of S. Panama involve reptiles and environmental reservoirs, as well as food animals, such as pigs. The tendency of S. Panama to cause invasive disease may be linked to certain serovar-specific genetic factors.
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