There is a lot of pressure on Icelanders’ kitchens during Christmas preparations in December and during the holidays. Hygiene, cooling and proper heating of food are extremely important in order to prevent guests and household members from contracting foodborne illnesses with associated inconveniences.
Disease-causing bacteria can enter the kitchen with meat and soil that comes with vegetables and from there into other foods on the kitchen table or in the refrigerator. They can also be received in food from the person handling the food and from the equipment and utensils used in the kitchen.
Noroviruses can spread rapidly at Christmas and it is important for people with symptoms of foodborne illness to refrain from cooking. Regular hand washing reduces the risk of infection between persons or from contaminated food.
Keep in mind that:
- Raw meat and its juices should not come into contact with ready-to-eat foods
- Wash fruits and vegetables to prevent bacteria from entering ready-to-eat foods
- Wash hands before cooking and after contact with raw meat and unwashed vegetables
- Clean cutting boards and utensils immediately after use
- Let’s organize the fridge well and keep it clean to prevent cross-contamination
- We regularly change tablecloths, tea towels and hand towels
Bacteria multiply very rapidly under ideal conditions. At 37 ° C, one bacterium can multiply to 1000 in 3 hours and to 1 million in 6 hours. It is therefore important to store and handle food at a temperature that will prevent the rapid growth of bacteria by limiting the time that sensitive foods, such as smoked and buried fish and cold cuts, are on the table at room temperature. The greatest risk of bacterial growth is when the temperature of the food is between 5 and 60 ° C. Adequate heat treatment kills bacteria and storage at refrigerated temperatures (0-4 ° C) limits their proliferation. If food is to be kept hot, keep it at 60 ° C and when cooling heated food, make sure that it reaches 4 ° C in 3 hours.
Citizens are encouraged to practice hygiene, proper handling and cooling of food in the kitchen so that foodborne illnesses can be prevented from spoiling the Christmas spirit.