Research -Fate of Listeria monocytogenes in Ready-to-Eat Refrigerated Dips Treated with High Pressure Processing

Journal of Food Protection


Various outbreaks and recalls have been associated with Listeria monocytogenes contamination of ready-to-eat (RTE) food products, including dips. High pressure processing (HPP) is useful for reducing levels of bacteria in many RTE food products, but its efficacy for reduction of pathogens in RTE dips is not well understood. In this study, laboratory-prepared hummus, tahini, baba ghanoush, guacamole, and pesto were initially treated with HPP at 350 MPa for up to 240 s to assess L. monocytogenes inactivation and determine D-values. D350 MPa-values in hummus, guacamole, and baba ghanoush were 105.3, 71.3, and 34.0 s, respectively. No significant reduction in L. monocytogenes levels was observed in tahini or pesto at 350 MPa for 240 s or after additional treatment for up to 600 s at 600 MPa (P > 0.05). Overall, the results of this study highlight the efficacy of HPP for reducing L. monocytogenes levels in certain RTE dips and but not in others.

  • HPP technology was used to reduce L. monocytogenes levels in RTE dips.

  • Treatment at 350 MPa reduced the pathogen in hummus, baba ghanoush, and guacamole.

  • No reduction of L. monocytogenes was observed in tahini or pesto treated with HPP.

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