Microbial Biofilms at Meat-Processing Plant as Possible Places of Bacteria Survival

MDPI

Biofilm of antibiotic resistant bacteria

Biofilm contamination in food production threatens food quality and safety, and causes bacterial infections. Study of food biofilms (BF) is of great importance. The taxonomic composition and structural organization of five foods BF taken in different workshops of a meat-processing plant (Moscow, RF) were studied. Samples were taken from the surface of technological equipment and premises. Metagenomic analysis showed both similarities in the presented microorganisms dominating in different samples, and unique families prevailing on certain objects were noted. The bacteria found belonged to 11 phyla (no archaea). The dominant ones were Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes, and Proteobacteria. The greatest diversity was in BFs taken from the cutting table of raw material. Biofilms’ bacteria may be the cause of meat, fish and dairy products spoilage possible representatives include Pseudomonas, Flavobacterium, Arcobacter, Vagococcus, Chryseobacterium, Carnobacterium, etc.). Opportunistic human and animal pathogens (possible representatives include Arcobacter, Corynebacterium, Kocuria, etc.) were also found. Electron-microscopic studies of BF thin sections revealed the following: (1) the diversity of cell morphotypes specific to multispecies BFs; (2) morphological similarity of cells in BFs from different samples, micro-colonial growth; (3) age heterogeneity of cells within the same microcolony (vegetative and autolyzed cells, resting forms); (4) heterogeneity of the polymer matrix chemical nature according to ruthenium red staining.

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