Netherlands – Disease burden of food-related pathogens in the Netherlands, 2018

RIVM

Disease burden of food-related pathogens in the Netherlands,
2018
The Ministry of VWS has requested RIVM to present an annual update on
the number of illnesses, disease burden and cost-of-illness caused by 14
enteric pathogens. These pathogens can be transmitted by food, the
environment, animals and humans. The disease burden is expressed in
DALYs (Disability Adjusted Life Years), a metric integrating morbidity
and mortality into one unit. Furthermore, the cost-of-illness (COI)
related to the 14 food-related pathogens was estimated and expressed
in euros. The COI estimate includes healthcare costs, the costs for the
patient and / or his family, such as travel expenses, as well as costs in
other sectors, for example due to productivity losses. The total disease
burden caused by the 14 pathogens in 2018 was similar to 2017 (both
11,000 DALYs). The share of foodborne transmission in this estimated
burden was comparable with earlier years, mounting to 4,300 DALYs in
2018 (2017: 4,200 DALYs). The total COI caused by the 14 pathogens
increased slightly from 397 M€ in 2017 to 426 M€ in 2018. The foodrelated COI was 171 M€ in 2018, which is slightly higher than in 2017
(i.e. 163 M€). The differences in DALYs and COI between 2017 and 2018
are largely due to fluctuations in the number of infections that occur per
pathogen, the burden of disease they cause and the varying costs per
infection.
The research presented in this report results in more insight in the
number of incident cases of foodborne diseases and the associated
disease burden and costs-of-illness. It enables researchers and policymakers to monitor trends in time for these 14 pathogens.

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